ุงู„ู„ุงู‡ูˆุช ุงู„ุฏูุงุนูŠ

ูƒุงุชุจ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง

๏ปฟ

ูƒุงุชุจ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง

ูƒุงุชุจ
ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง

1- ู…ู‚ุฏู…ุฉ

ุฃู†
ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูˆุถุน ููŠ ุตู…ูŠู… ุฎุทุฉ ุชุฃู„ูŠูู‡ ู„ู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ุฃู† ูŠู„ุญู‚ู‡ ุจูƒุชุงุจ ุณูุฑ ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ุงู„ุฑุณู„. ูู…ู† ู‡ุฐู‡
ุงู„ุฒุงูˆูŠุฉ ูŠุตุจุญ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุฐุง ุงุนุชุจุงุฑ ุชุงุฑูŠุฎูŠ ูˆู„ุงู‡ูˆุชูŠ ู‡ุงู… ุฌุฏุงู‹ ููŠ ุงู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉุŒ ูู‡ูˆ
ูŠุถุน ุฃูุณุณ ุงู„ุชู‚ู„ูŠุฏ ุงู„ุนุจุงุฏูŠ ู…ุน ุชุงุฑูŠุฎ ู…ู†ุดุฃ ูˆู†ู…ูˆ ุงู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉ ุจูƒู„ ุนุจุงุฏุชู‡ุง ูˆุชู‚ุงู„ูŠุฏู‡ุงุŒ
ู…ูƒู…ู‘ูู„ุงู‹ ู…ุง ู‚ุฏู‘ูŽู…ู‡ ู‚. ู…ุฑู‚ุณ ู…ู† ุฃุตูˆู„ ุงู„ุชู‚ู„ูŠุฏ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ููŠ ุงู„ุนู‚ุฏ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ ู…ู† ุชุงุฑูŠุฎู‡ุง.

ู„ุฐู„ูƒ
ูŠูุนุชุจุฑ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุฃุบู†ู‰ ุงู„ุฃู†ุงุฌูŠู„ ูˆุฃูƒุจุฑู‡ุง ุญุฌู…ุงู‹ ูˆู‡ุฐุง ุจุณุจุจ ุฌู…ุนู‡ ู„ู…ูˆุงุถูŠุน ู…ุฎุชู„ูุฉ
ูƒุซูŠุฑุฉ ุงุฎุชุต ุจู‡ุง ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู…ู† ู…ุตุงุฏุฑู‡ ุงู„ุฎุงุตุฉ ุฌุฏุงู‹. ูˆู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ู…ูˆุงุถูŠุน ุงู„ุฎุงุตุฉ ุจู‡ ุงุณุชู‚ุงู‡ุง
ู…ู† ุงู„ุจูŠุฆุฉ ุงู„ูŠู‡ูˆุฏูŠุฉ ุนู†ุฏู…ุง ุฒุงุฑ ูู„ุณุทูŠู† ุจู…ุนูŠู‘ูŽุฉ ุจูˆู„ุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ ุจูŠู† ุณู†ุฉ 57ุŒ 59ู…ุŒ ูˆููŠ
ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ู…ุฏุฉ ุงู†ูุชุญ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ูŠ ุงู„ุฃูู…ู…ูŠ ู„ู„ููƒุฑ ูˆุงู„ุชุฑุงุซ ุงู„ูŠู‡ูˆุฏูŠ ู…ู† ู…ุตุฏุฑ ุงู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉ
ุงู„ุฃูู… ุฃููˆุฑุดู„ูŠู…ุŒ ูˆุงุณุชู‚ู‰ ู…ู† ุงู„ุชู‚ู„ูŠุฏ ุงู„ูŠู‡ูˆุฏูŠ ู…ุง ุฃุซุฑู‰ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‡ ูˆุฃุนุทุงู‡ ุงู„ุฃุณุงุณ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ุงู…ูŠ
ุงู„ู…ู†ูุชุญ ุจุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ุนู„ู‰ ุฎุจุฑุงุช ุญูŠู‘ูŽุฉ ู†ู„ุญุธู‡ุง ุจุณู‡ูˆู„ุฉ ุชู…ู„ุฃ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‡ ูˆุชู„ูˆู‘ูู† ุงู„ุตูุงุช ุงู„ุชูŠ
ุงุฒุฏุญู…ุช ุจู‡ุง ุฃุนู…ุงู„ู‡. ูˆู„ูƒู† ุงู„ุฃู…ุฑ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูŠุจู„ุบ ุจู†ุง ุฅู„ู‰ ุญุฏ ุงู„ุนุฌุจ ุฃู† ูŠูƒูˆู† ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุฃูู…ู…ูŠ
ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุณุชูˆู‰ ู…ู† ุงู„ู‚ุฏุฑุฉ ู„ู‡ุถู… ุงู„ุชุฑุงุซ ูˆุงู„ู…ูŠุฑุงุซ ุงู„ูŠู‡ูˆุฏูŠ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญูŠ ุจู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ุตูˆุฑุฉ ุงู„ูุงุฆู‚ุฉ
ุงู„ูˆุตู.

ูˆูŠุนุชู…ุฏ
ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุชูˆุณู‘ูุน ููŠ ุดุฑุญ ุชุนุงู„ูŠู… ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุนู…ูˆู…ุงู‹ุŒ ูˆู„ูƒู†ู‡ ูŠุฎุชุต ูˆูŠุฑูƒู‘ูุฒ ุนู„ู‰
ุงู„ุชุณู„ุณู„ ุงู„ุชุงุฑูŠุฎูŠ ููŠ ุงุณุชุนู„ุงู† ู…ู„ูƒูˆุช ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจุญุฐู‚ ูˆู…ู‡ุงุฑุฉ ุชุงุฑูŠุฎูŠุฉ ูˆู„ุงู‡ูˆุชูŠุฉ ุจุขู† ูˆุงุญุฏุŒ
ู…ุนุชู…ุฏุงู‹ ุนู„ู‰ ู‚ุตุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ููŠ ุงู„ูƒุดู ุนู† ู…ู„ูƒูˆุช ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจุณุนุฉ ูˆุจุงุชุตุงู„ ูˆุซูŠู‚ ู„ูŠุจู„ุบ ุงู„ุดุนุจ ุฅู„ู‰
ูู‡ู… ุฅุฑุงุฏุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู†ุญูˆ ุงู„ูุฏุงุก ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุณูŠูƒู…ู‘ูู„ู‡. ูˆููŠ ู‡ุฐุง ูƒู„ู‡ ู„ุง ูŠู‚ุฏู‘ูู… ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง
ุชุนู„ูŠู…ุงู‹ ุฌุฏูŠุฏุงู‹ ู„ู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุนู† ุงู„ู…ู„ูƒูˆุช ู…ู†ูุตู„ุงู‹ ุนู† ุฅุฑุงุฏุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ู…ุฑุณูˆู…ุฉ ููŠ ุฌู…ูŠุน ุงู„ุฃุณูุงุฑ
ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠู…ุฉุŒ ูˆู„ูƒู† ูŠูƒุดู ุนู† ุฅุฑุงุฏุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ููŠ ุดุฎุต ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุงู„ุชูŠ ุฅุฐุง ู‚ุจู„ู‡ุง ุงู„ุดุนุจ ูŠุจู„ุบ ุงู„ู‡ุฏู
ุงู„ู…ู‚ุตูˆุฏ ุงู„ู…ูˆุถูˆุน ุจู‚ูŠุงุณ ุฏู‚ูŠู‚ ู„ูŠุฏุฎู„ ููŠ ุตู…ูŠู… ุญูŠุงุฉ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ. ูˆู„ูƒู†ู‡ ุงู„ุชุฒู… ุจุงู„ูˆุซุงุฆู‚
ูˆุงู„ุชุญู‚ูŠู‚ุงุช ุงู„ุดูู‡ูŠุฉ.

ย 

2- ุงู„ู„ุบุฉ

ุจุนุฏ
ุชุญู„ูŠู„ ุงู„ุนุงู„ูู… ูƒุงุฏุจุฑูŠ(1) ูˆุฌุฏ ุฃู† ุงู„ุงุตุทู„ุงุญุงุช ุงู„ูŠูˆู†ุงู†ูŠุฉ ุชุถุงู‡ูŠ ุฃูุถู„ ุงู„ุฃุฏุจูŠุงุช
ุงู„ูŠูˆู†ุงู†ูŠุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠู…ุฉุŒ ูˆูŠุญุณุจู‡ุง ุงู„ุนู„ู…ุงุก ุฃู†ู‡ุง ุฃูุถู„ ู„ุบุฉ ุฏูˆู‘ูู†ุช ุจู‡ุง ุฃุณูุงุฑ ุงู„ุนู‡ุฏ ุงู„ุฌุฏูŠุฏ.
ูƒู…ุง ุดู‡ุฏ ุงู„ุนุงู„ูู… ู…ุชุณูŠุฌุฑ(2) ุฃู† ุฃุฏุจูŠุงุช ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ููŠ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‡ ุชูุญุณุจ ุงู„ุฃุนู„ู‰ ููŠ ูƒู„
ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจุงุช.

ูˆุจุณุจุจ
ุจุณุงุทุฉ ู„ุบุฉ ู‚. ู…ุฑู‚ุณ ูƒุงู† ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูŠุถุทุฑ ุฅู„ู‰ ุชู‡ุฐูŠุจู‡ุง ูˆุงู„ุงุฑุชู‚ุงุก ุจู…ุณุชูˆู‰ ู…ุง ูŠุฃุฎุฐู‡ ุนู†ู‡ ู…ุน
ุชุบูŠูŠุฑ ุจุนุถ ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุงุช ูˆุงู„ู…ุตุทู„ุญุงุช ุญุชู‰ ูŠุฑุชูุน ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุฅู„ู‰ ู…ุณุชูˆู‰ ู„ุบุฉ ุงู„ู‚ูˆู… ููŠ ุฃูŠุงู…ู‡.
ูƒู…ุง ุงุถุทุฑ ู„ุญุฐู ุจุนุถ ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุงุช ุงู„ุชูŠ ุชุจุฏูˆ ุบูŠุฑ ู…ูู‡ูˆู…ุฉ ุนู†ุฏ ุงู„ุฃูู…ู… ู…ุซู„ โ€œุฃูˆุตู†ุงโ€ ูˆโ€œุฃุจุงโ€ุŒ
ูƒู…ุง ุชุฑุฌู… ุจุนุถ ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุงุช ุงู„ุฃุฑุงู…ูŠุฉ ุฅู„ู‰ ู…ุง ูŠู‚ุงุจู„ู‡ุง ุจุงู„ูŠูˆู†ุงู†ูŠุฉ ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ุบูŠูˆุฑ
zhlwtยปn (ู„ูˆ 15: 6) ุจุฏู„ ุงู„ู‚ุงู†ูˆูŠ (ู…ุฑ 18: 3)ุŒ ูˆุงู„ู…ุนู„ู‘ูู… ุจุฏู„ โ€œุฑุงุจู‘ูŠโ€ุŒ ูˆุงู„ุฌู…ุฌู…ุฉ Kranโ€ฆon (ู„ูˆ 33: 23) ุจุฏู„ ุฌู„ุฌุซุฉ. ูˆู„ูƒู† ุฃุธู‡ุฑ ู…ุง ูˆุถุญ ู…ู† ุฏุฑุงุณุฉ ุฃุณู„ูˆุจ ูˆุทุฑูŠู‚ุฉ ู‚.
ู„ูˆู‚ุง ููŠ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‡ ู‡ูˆ ุฃู† ุงู‡ุชู…ุงู…ู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจุฉ ูƒุงู† ู…ู†ุตุจู‘ู‹ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุตูŠุงุบุฉ ุงู„ู„ุงู‡ูˆุชูŠุฉ
ุจุงู„ู†ู‡ุงูŠุฉ.

ุงู„ุนุจุฑูŠุฉ
ููŠ ู„ุบุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง(3): ูˆู„ูƒู† ู…ู† ุงู„ูˆุงุถุญ ุฃู† ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูŠุณุชุฎุฏู… ุงุตุทู„ุงุญุงุช ุนุจุฑูŠุฉ ู…ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ
ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ูŠูˆู†ุงู†ูŠุฉุŒ ูˆุนู„ู‰ ุณุจูŠู„ ุงู„ู…ุซุงู„ ู…ุง ูŠูƒุฑุฑู‡ ูƒุซูŠุฑุงู‹: ยซูˆู‚ุฏ ุญุฏุซ ุฃู† โ„ข
gฺ‘netoยปุŒ ูƒุฐู„ูƒ ูุฅู† ุงู„ุฃุตุญุงุญ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ ู…ุง ุนุฏุง ุงู„ู…ู‚ุฏู‘ูู…ุฉ ูˆุงู„ุฃุตุญุงุญ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠ
ูŠูุญุชุณุจ ุฃู†ู‡ ู…ู†ู‚ูˆู„ ู†ู‚ู„ุงู‹ ุญุฑููŠุงู‹ ู…ุชุฑุฌู…ุงู‹ ู…ู† ู…ุฎุทูˆุทุฉ

ุนุจุฑูŠุฉุŒ
ุฃูˆ ุจุญุณุจ ุธู†ู†ุง ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ ููˆุฑูŠุฉ ุนู† ุฃุดุฎุงุต ุนุจุฑุงู†ูŠูŠู† ูƒุงู†ูˆุง ุดู‡ูˆุฏ ุนูŠุงู† ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ุนุฐุฑุงุก ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณุฉ
ู…ุฑูŠู…ุŒ ูƒุฐู„ูƒ ุชู…ุงู…ุงู‹ ุงู„ุฃุตุญุงุญุงุช ู…ู† ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠ ุนุดุฑ ู…ู† ุณูุฑ ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ู„ู‡ุง ุตุจุบุฉ
ุนุจุฑูŠุฉ ูˆุงุถุญุฉุŒ ูˆุงู„ุณุจุจ ููŠ ุฐู„ูƒ ุฃู† ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุงุณุชุทุงุน ุฃู† ูŠุญุชูุธ ุจุฃุณู„ูˆุจ ู…ุตุงุฏุฑู‡ ุงู„ุนุจุฑูŠุฉ ููŠ
ุงู„ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ(4). ูƒู…ุง ูŠูู„ุงุญูŽุธ ุฃู† ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูŠุณุชุฎุฏู… ุจูˆุถูˆุญ ู„ุบุฉ ูˆุงุตุทู„ุงุญุงุช ุงู„ุณุจุนูŠู†ูŠุฉ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ุง
ุชุชู…ุดู‘ูŽู‰ ู…ุน ุฃุณู„ูˆุจู‡ ุงู„ุชุงุฑูŠุฎูŠ ููŠ ุณุฑุฏ ุงู„ุญูˆุงุฏุซ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุฏู‘ูŽุณุฉุŒ ูˆู‡ุฐุง ูŠูุญุชุณุจ ู„ู‡ ุจุฑุงุนุฉ
ูˆุชูˆููŠู‚ุงู‹ ู†ุงุฏุฑุงู‹(5).

ย 

3- ู…ุตุงุฏุฑ ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„

ูŠุจุชุฏุฆ
ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‡ (1: 1-4) ุจู…ู‚ุฏู‘ูู…ุฉ ุชุนุทูŠู‡ ุงู„ุตูุฉ ุงู„ุฑุณู…ูŠุฉ ุจุงุนุชุจุงุฑู‡ ุชุฌู…ูŠุนุงู‹ ู„ู†ุตูˆุต
ูˆุญู‚ุงุฆู‚ ุนู„ู‰ ุฃุณุงุณ ุชู‚ู„ูŠุฏ ูŠู‚ูˆู… ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฑุคูŠุฉ ุงู„ุนูŠู†ูŠุฉุŒ ูˆู…ู† ุฃููˆุงู‡ ุฎุฏู‘ูŽุงู… ุฑุณู…ูŠูŠู† ู„ู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉุŒ
ุญูŠุซ ูŠู‚ุตุฏ ุงู„ุชู„ุงู…ูŠุฐ ูˆุงู„ุฑุณู„ ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ูŠุชุชุจุนู‡ู… ููŠ ุณูุฑ ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ุจุดุฎุตูŠุงุชู‡ู… ูˆุฃู‚ูˆุงู„ู‡ู…
ูˆุทุจุงุฆุนู‡ู… ูˆูƒุฑุงุฒุชู‡ู…. ูู‡ูˆ ูŠู‚ุฏู‘ูู… ุชุณุฌูŠู„ุงุช ุชุงุฑูŠุฎูŠุฉ ู…ูˆู‚ู‘ูŽุนุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ู‡ูŠุฆุฉ ุฃุญุฏุงุซ ูˆุชุนุงู„ูŠู…ุŒ
ุจุนุฏ ูุญุต ูˆู…ุชุงุจุนุฉ ูˆู…ุซุงุจุฑุฉ ู…ุชุฃู†ูŠุฉ ุงุณุชุชุฑุช ูˆุฑุงุก ุงู„ุญูˆุงุฏุซุŒ ูˆู„ูƒู† ุชู†ุทู‚ ุจู‚ุฏุฑุฉ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง
ูƒู…ุคุฑู‘ูุฎ ูˆุจุงุญุซ ู…ูู„ู‡ู… ู„ุง ูŠูƒุชููŠ ุจุงู„ุนุฑุถ ูˆุงู„ุชุณุฌูŠู„ ูˆู„ูƒู†ู‡ ูŠุตู†ุน ู…ู† ุงู„ุนุฑุถ ูˆุงู„ุชุณุฌูŠู„ ุจุดุงุฑุฉ
ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ ู…ูุฑุญุฉ ุชุญู…ู„ ู…ุนูŠุงุฑุงู‹ ู„ุงู‡ูˆุชูŠุงู‹ ุนุงู„ูŠ ุงู„ู…ุณุชูˆู‰. ูุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ููŠ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‡ ุนู„ู‰
ู…ุณุชูˆู‰ ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูŠูƒุชุจู‡ุŒ ูู‡ูˆ ู„ุงู‡ูˆุชูŠ ูŠุณุฌู‘ูู„ ู„ุงู‡ูˆุชูŠุงุชุŒ ูˆููŠ ู‡ุฐุง ูŠู‡ุฏู ุฃู† ูŠู‚ุฏู‘ูู…
ุฎุจุฑุงู‹ ุตุญูŠุญุงู‹ ุฏู‚ูŠู‚ุงู‹ ูƒุงู…ู„ุงู‹ ู…ุญู‚ู‘ูŽู‚ุงู‹ ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุณุชูˆู‰ ุงู„ุตุฏู‚ ูˆุงู„ุญู‚ ู…ุนุงู‹ุŒ ุจุชุฑุชูŠุจ ูŠู†ุทู‚
ุจุนุจู‚ุฑูŠุฉ ุงู„ู†ุธุงู… ูˆุงู„ุชุชุงุจุน ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ุงู…ูŠ.

ูˆู‡ูˆ
ูƒุบูŠุฑู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ูŠูŠู† ูŠู‚ุฏู‘ูู… ุชู‚ู„ูŠุฏุงู‹ ุฑุณูˆู„ูŠุงู‹ุŒ ุบูŠุฑ ุฃู†ู‡ ูŠุฎููŠ ุนู„ุงู‚ุฉ ู„ุงู‡ูˆุชูŠุฉ ูˆููƒุฑูŠุฉ
ุชุนู„ูŠู…ูŠุฉ ุจุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุจูˆู„ุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ ู„ุง ูŠุณู‡ู„ ุงู„ุนุซูˆุฑ ุนู„ูŠู‡ุง ู…ุจุงุดุฑุฉุŒ ูู‡ูŠ ู…ู†ุณูˆุฌุฉ ู…ุน ุฑูˆุงูŠุชู‡.

ูˆููŠ
ู†ูุณ ุงู„ูˆู‚ุช ูŠุญู…ู„ ู…ุตุงุฏุฑ ูˆุงุถุญุฉ ูˆู…ุจุงุดุฑุฉ ู…ู† ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู…ุฑู‚ุณ ุจุฃู„ูุงุธู‡ุง ูˆุฃุณู„ูˆุจู‡ุงุŒ ูู„ุบุฉ ู‚.
ู…ุฑู‚ุณ ุชูƒุดู ู‡ูˆูŠุฉ ุตุงุญุจู‡ุง ุดุงุก ุงู„ู†ุงู‚ู„ ุฃูˆ ู„ู… ูŠุดุฃู’.

ย 

ูˆุงู„ุนุงู„ูู…
ุฌูˆุงู†ุณ ูˆุงูŠุณ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูุตู‘ูŽุต ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุชูุตูŠุตุงู‹ ุนู„ู…ูŠุงู‹ ู‚ุงุฆู…ุงู‹ ุนู„ู‰ ุฃุณุงุณ ุจุญุซูŠ ู…ุชูŠู† ู‚ุฏ
ูˆุฌุฏ ุฃู†ู†ุง: [ุฅุฐุง ุงุณุชุซู†ูŠู†ุง ุงู„ุฃุตุญุงุญ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ ูˆุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุŒ ุซู… ุงู„ุฎุงุชู…ุฉ ุงู„ุชูŠ ุชุจุฏุฃ ู…ู† (9: 24)
ุญุชู‰ ุงู„ู†ู‡ุงูŠุฉุŒ ุซู… ุจุฅุฎุฑุงุฌ ุงู„ุฌุฒุก ู…ู† (20: 6) ุญุชู‰ (3: 8) ูˆุงู„ุขุฎุฑ ู…ู† (51: 9) ุญุชู‰ (8: 14)ุŒ
ูŠูƒูˆู† ูƒู„ ู…ุง ุจู‚ูŠ ู…ู† ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุจุฃูƒู…ู„ู‡ ุณูˆุงุก ููŠ ุชุฑุชูŠุจู‡ ุฃูˆ ุตูŠุบุชู‡ ุงู„ุฎุงุตุฉ ุฌุฏุงู‹ ู‡ูˆ
ุงุนุชู…ุงุฏ ูƒู„ูŠ ุนู„ู‰ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู…ุฑู‚ุณ.](6)

ุฃู…ู‘ูŽุง
ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู…ุชู‰ ูƒู…ุตุฏุฑ ุงุณุชู‚ู‰ ู…ู†ู‡ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ููŠ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‡ุŒ ูุงู„ุนุงู„ูู… ุฃ. ู‡. ูˆ. ู…ุงูŠุฑ
ูŠุคูƒู‘ูุฏ ุฃู† ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุงุนุชู…ุฏ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู…ุชู‰ ููŠ ุงู„ุฃุฌุฒุงุก ุบูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ูˆุฌูˆุฏุฉ ุนู†ุฏ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู…ุฑู‚ุณุŒ
ูˆู„ูƒู† ูˆุงูŠุณ ุฎุงู„ูู‡ ููŠ ุฐู„ูƒ(7). ุฅุฐ ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ูˆุงูŠุณ ุฅู† ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุงุณุชู‚ู‰ ุงู„ุฃู‚ูˆุงู„ ู…ู† ู…ุตุงุฏุฑ
ุฑุณูˆู„ูŠุฉ ุฃู‚ุฏู… ู…ู† ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู…ุชู‰ุŒ ูˆุงู„ุชูŠ ุชุญุชูˆูŠ ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุงุฏุฉ ุชุงุฑูŠุฎูŠุฉ ุฃูƒุซุฑ ู…ู† ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู…ุชู‰.
ุฃู…ู‘ูŽุง ุฃู…ุงูƒู† ุฃุฎู’ุฐ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู…ู† ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ู…ุตุงุฏุฑ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ูŠุฉ ุงู„ุฃู‚ุฏู… ูู‡ูŠ ู…ุนุฑูˆุถุฉ ููŠ
ุงู„ุฃุฌุฒุงุก ุงู„ุชูŠ ุชุถู…ู‘ูŽู†ู‡ุง ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ููŠ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‡ ูˆุงู„ุชูŠ ุฐูƒุฑู†ุงู‡ุง ุฃุนู„ุงู‡ุŒ ูˆู‚ุฏ ู†ู‚ู„ู‡ุง ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง
ุจูˆุถุนู‡ุง ูˆุฃู„ูุงุธู‡ุง ูˆู†ุธุงู…ู‡ุง. ูˆูŠู‚ุฑู‘ูุฑ ุงู„ุนุงู„ูู… ู†ูˆุฑุชูˆู†(8) ุฃู† ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู„ุง ู†ุฌุฏ
ููŠู‡ ุณูˆู‰ ุนูุดุฑู‡ ูู‚ุท ู…ู†ู‚ูˆู„ุงู‹ ุจุญุฑูˆูู‡ ู…ู† ุจู‚ูŠุฉ ุงู„ุฃู†ุงุฌูŠู„ุŒ ูˆุงู„ุชุณุนุฉ ุฃุนุดุงุฑ ุงู„ุฃุฎุฑู‰ ู‡ูŠ ู…ู†
ุตูŠุงุบุชู‡ ุงู„ุฎุงุตุฉ. ูˆุจุงู„ุชุญู„ูŠู„ ุงู„ุฏู‚ูŠู‚ ู‚ุฏ ู„ุง ุชุฒูŠุฏ ุงู„ู†ุณุจุฉ ุนู† ูˆุงุญุฏ ุนู„ู‰ ุนุดุฑูŠู†ุŒ ุญูŠุซ ู‚ุตุฏ ู‚.
ู„ูˆู‚ุง ููŠ ุงู„ุฃุฌุฒุงุก ุงู„ุชูŠ ุงู‚ุชุจุณู‡ุง ู…ู† ุงู„ุฃู†ุงุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุฃุฎุฑู‰ ุฃู† ูŠูƒุชุจู‡ุง ุจู„ุบุชู‡ ุงู„ุฎุงุตุฉ ูˆูŠุนูŠุฏ
ุตูŠุงุบุฉ ุงู„ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ ู„ูŠุนุทูŠู‡ุง ุตูุฉ ุงู„ุฃุตุงู„ุฉ ุงู„ุชูŠ ุงู„ุชุฒู…ู‡ุง ุนู„ู‰ ู†ูุณู‡.

ูˆุจุงู„ุฑุบู…
ู…ู† ุฃู† ู…ุงุฏุฉ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุชุจุฏูˆ ุถุนู ู…ุง ุญูˆุงู‡ ู‚. ู…ุชู‰ ูˆู‚. ู…ุฑู‚ุณุŒ ุฅู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุฃู†ู‡ ุงุนุชู…ุฏ ููŠ
ู‡ุฐุง ุนู„ูŠู‡ู…ุง ูƒู„ูŠู‡ู…ุง ูˆู„ูƒู† ุจุฃุณู„ูˆุจู‡ ุงู„ุฎุงุต.

ุฃู…ู‘ูŽุง
ููŠู…ุง ุบูŠุฑ ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ูŠูŠู† ู…ุชู‰ ูˆู…ุฑู‚ุณ ูƒู…ุตุงุฏุฑ ู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูุชู‚ู ุฃู‚ูˆุงู„ ุงู„ุฑุณู„ ุฃู†ูุณู‡ู…ุŒ
ุฅู…ู‘ูŽุง ุงู„ุดูุงู‡ูŠุฉ ุฃูˆ ุงู„ู…ูƒุชูˆุจุฉุŒ ูƒู…ุตุฏุฑ ุซุงู„ุซ ู‡ุงู… ู„ู„ุบุงูŠุฉ. ูุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูŠุญู…ู„ ุงู„ุฃุตุงู„ุฉ
ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ูŠุฉ ุงู„ุฑุณู…ูŠุฉ ุจูƒู„ ุชุฃูƒูŠุฏุŒ ุฐู„ูƒ ุจุดู‡ุงุฏุฉ ุงู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉ ุงู„ุฃููˆู„ู‰ ุฎุงุตุฉ ู…ุง ุฌุงุก ููŠ ุงู„ู‚ูˆุงู†ูŠู†
ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ูŠุฉ. ุนู„ู…ุงู‹ ุจุฃู† ุนู„ุงู‚ุฉ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุจุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุจูˆู„ุณ ุชูุจุฑุฒ ุฐุงุชู‡ุง ุจูƒู„ ุชุฃูƒูŠุฏุŒ ูˆู‚ุฏ ุงู†ุญุฏุฑ
ุฅู„ูŠู†ุง ุฑุณู…ูŠุงู‹ ู…ู† ุฃู‚ูˆุงู„ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุฅูŠุฑูŠู†ูŠุฆูˆุณ ู…ุง ูŠุคูƒู‘ูุฏ ู‡ุฐุง:

[ูˆู„ูƒู†
ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูˆู‡ูˆ ุฑููŠู‚ ุจูˆู„ุณ ูˆุถุน ููŠ ูƒุชุงุจู‡ ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูƒุงู† ุจูˆู„ุณ ูŠุจุดู‘ูุฑ ุจู‡.](9)

ูˆู‡ุฐุง
ุงู„ุฃู…ุฑ ู†ูุณู‡ ู„ูุช ู†ุธุฑ ูƒู„ ู…ู† ุฃูˆุฑูŠุฌุงู†ูˆุณ ูˆูŠูˆุณุงุจูŠูˆุณ ูˆุฌูŠุฑูˆู…ุŒ ุฅุฐ ุฑุฃูˆุง ุฃู† ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง
ุฅู†ู…ุง

ุชุฎุทู‘ูŽุท
ุญุงู…ู„ุงู‹ ุงุตุทู„ุงุญุงุช ู‚. ุจูˆู„ุณ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูƒุงู† ูŠุณู…ู‘ููŠู‡ ู‚. ุจูˆู„ุณ ยซุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ูŠยป(10) (ุฑูˆ 16: 2).
ูˆูŠู‚ูŠู†ุงู‹ ุงุทู‘ูŽู„ุน ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูˆุฏุฑุณ ูˆุงุณุชูุงุฏ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฑู‚ูˆู‚ ูˆุงู„ูƒุชุจ ุงู„ุชูŠ ูƒุงู† ูŠุญู…ู„ู‡ุง ู‚. ุจูˆู„ุณ ููŠ
ุฃุณูุงุฑู‡: ยซุงู„ุฑุฏุงุก ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุชุฑูƒุชู‡ ููŠ ุชุฑูˆุงุณ ุนู†ุฏ ูƒุงุฑุจูุณุŒ ุฃุญุถุฑู‡ ู…ุชู‰ ุฌุฆุชุŒ ูˆุงู„ูƒุชุจ ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ูˆู„ุง
ุณููŠู‘ูŽู…ุง ุงู„ุฑู‚ูˆู‚ยป (2ุชูŠ 13: 4).

ูƒุฐู„ูƒ
ู„ุง ูŠู…ูƒู† ุฃู† ู†ุบูู„ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุฏุงุฑ ุงู„ู‡ุงุฆู„ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุงุณุชูˆุนุจู‡ ู‚. ุจูˆู„ุณ ู…ู† ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุฑุฃุณุงู‹ ูˆุงู„ุฐูŠ ุดุงุฑูƒู‡
ููŠู‡ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูˆุงุณุชูˆุนุจู‡: ยซู„ุฃู†ู†ูŠ ุชุณู„ู‘ูŽู…ุช ู…ู† ุงู„ุฑุจ ู…ุง ุณู„ู‘ูŽู…ุชูƒู… ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ุฃู† ุงู„ุฑุจ ูŠุณูˆุน…
ุฅู„ุฎยป (1ูƒูˆ 23: 11). ุนู„ู…ุงู‹ ุจุฃู† ุบุงู„ุจูŠุฉ ุงู„ุนู„ู…ุงุก ูŠุถุนูˆู† ุชุงุฑูŠุฎ ูƒุชุงุจุฉ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู‚ุจู„
ูƒุชุงุจุฉ ุณูุฑ ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูŠู†ุชู‡ูŠ ูุฌุฃุฉ ุฃุซู†ุงุก ุฒู…ู† ุณุฌู† ู‚. ุจูˆู„ุณ ููŠ ุฑูˆู…ุง. ุฃูŠ ุฃู† ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„
ูƒูุชุจ ููŠ ุฃูˆู„ ุฒู…ู† ุณุฌู† ู‚. ุจูˆู„ุณ ููŠ ุฑูˆู…ุง: ยซูˆุฃู‚ุงู… ุจูˆู„ุณ ุณู†ุชูŠู† ูƒุงู…ู„ุชูŠู† ููŠ ุจูŠุช ุงุณุชุฃุฌุฑู‡
ู„ู†ูุณู‡ ูˆูƒุงู† ูŠู‚ุจู„ ุฌู…ูŠุน ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ูŠุฏุฎู„ูˆู† ุฅู„ูŠู‡ยป (ุฃุน 30: 28). ู‡ุฐุง ู…ุง ูƒุชุจู‡ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุจู†ูุณู‡
ููŠ ุณูุฑ ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„. ูˆู‡ูƒุฐุง ุฌู„ุณ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูŠุณู…ุน ูˆูŠูƒุชุจ ู…ู† ูู… ู‚. ุจูˆู„ุณุŒ ูˆู‡ุฐุง ู„ู„ุฃุณู ุงู„ุดุฏูŠุฏ
ู„ู… ูŠุฏุฎู„ ููŠ ุญุณุจุงู† ูƒุซูŠุฑ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ุชุนุฑู‘ูŽุถูˆุง ู„ุดุฑุญ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุงุŒ ูˆูุงุช ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฌู…ูŠุน
ู…ู‚ุฏุงุฑ ุชุฃุซูŠุฑ ู‚. ุจูˆู„ุณ ุงู„ุดุฏูŠุฏ ููŠ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุงุŒ ุบูŠุฑ ุฃู† ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู„ู… ูŠูุดูุฑู’ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฐู„ูƒ
ุจู„ ุชุฑูƒู‡ ู„ู„ู‚ุงุฑุฆ ุฃู† ูŠุณุชู‚ุฑุฆู‡ ุจุงู„ุถุฑูˆุฑุฉุŒ ูู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุจ ูˆุงู„ู…ุคุฑู‘ูุฎ ูˆุงู„ู…ุนูŠู† ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุจูˆู„ุณ.
ูˆูŠูƒููŠ ุฃู† ูŠุนุฑู ุงู„ู‚ุงุฑุฆ ุฃู† ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูƒุงู† ู…ุน ู‚. ุจูˆู„ุณ ููŠ ุงู„ุณููŠู†ุฉ ุงู„ุชูŠ ุฃู‚ู„ู‘ูŽุชู‡ู…ุง ุฅู„ู‰
ุฑูˆู…ุง ูˆุชุญุทู‘ูŽู…ุช ุจู‡ู…ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุดูˆุงุทุฆ ู…ุงู„ุทุฉุŒ ูˆุนุงู†ู‰ ู…ุน ู‚. ุจูˆู„ุณ ุงู„ุบุฑู‚ ูˆุงู„ุฅุดุฑุงู ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู…ูˆุชุŒ
ุซู… ุฌู„ุณ ุจุฌูˆุงุฑ ู‚. ุจูˆู„ุณ ูŠูƒุชุจ ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ู‚ุตุฉ ุจุฏู‚ุงุฆู‚ู‡ุง ูˆุจู‚ูŠุฉ ุณูุฑ ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ุงู„ู†ููŠุณ.

ย 

4- ุงุตุงู„ุฉ ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ูŠุฉ

ูˆู„ูˆ
ุฃู† ูƒุงุชุจ ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ู… ูŠุฐูƒุฑ ุงุณู…ู‡ุŒ ุบูŠุฑ ุฃู† ุงู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉ ุจุชู‚ู„ูŠุฏู‡ุง ุงู„ุฑุงุณุฎ ุณุฌู‘ูŽู„ุช ุงุณู…ู‡ ููŠ
ู‚ู„ุจู‡ุง ูˆุฐุงูƒุฑุชู‡ุง. ูˆูƒุงู† ุฃูˆู„ ู…ูŽู†ู’ ู†ู‚ู„ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุชู‚ู„ูŠุฏ ู‡ูˆ ู‚. ุฅูŠุฑูŠู†ูŠุฆูˆุณ(11)ุŒ ูƒู…ุง ุฐูƒุฑุช
ู…ุฎุทูˆุทุฉ ุงู„ู…ูˆุฑุงุชูˆุฑูŠ ุฐู„ูƒ. ูˆู„ูˆ ุฃู† ุจุงุจูŠุงุณ ุฃุณู‚ู ู‡ูŠุฑุงุจูˆู„ูŠุณ ู„ู… ูŠุฐูƒุฑ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุงุŒ ูˆู„ูƒู†
ุจุงุจูŠุงุณ ูƒู…ุคุฑู‘ูุฎ ู„ุง ูŠูุนุชุฏ ุจู‡. ูˆู‚ุฏ ุงุณุชุฎุฏู… ุงู„ุดู‡ูŠุฏ ูŠูˆุณุชูŠู† ุชุนุจูŠุฑุงุช ู…ู† ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง
ููŠ ุฏูุงุนู‡ ุจูŠู† ุณู†ุฉ 150ูˆ165ู…(12)ุŒ ูƒู…ุง ูˆูุฌูุฏูŽุช ุนุจุงุฑุงุช ู…ู† ุณูุฑ ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ููŠ ุฑุณุงู„ุฉ
ูƒู„ูŠู…ู†ุฏุณ ุงู„ุฑูˆู…ุงู†ูŠ ุงู„ุฃููˆู„ู‰(13) (ุชูˆูู‘ููŠ ุณู†ุฉ 96ู…) ุฃุณู‚ู ุฑูˆู…ุง ูˆู‡ูˆ ุซุงู„ุซ ุฃุณู‚ู ุจุนุฏ
ุงุณุชุดู‡ุงุฏ ู‚. ุจุทุฑุณ ุฃูˆ ุฑุจู…ุง ุฎู„ูŠูุชู‡ ู…ุจุงุดุฑุฉ. ูƒู…ุง ุชูˆุฌุฏ ุดู‡ุงุฏุฉ ู…ู† ูˆุซูŠู‚ุฉ ูŠุฑุฌุน ุชุงุฑูŠุฎู‡ุง ุฅู„ู‰
ุณู†ุฉ 170ู… ูˆู‡ูŠ ุนุจุงุฑุฉ ุนู† ู…ู‚ุฏู‘ูู…ุฉ ู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุชู‡ุฏู ุฅู„ู‰ ุชูู†ูŠุฏ ุงุฏุนุงุกุงุช ู…ุงุฑูƒูŠูˆู†
ุงู„ู…ุจุชุฏุน. ูˆุชุดู‡ุฏ ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ูˆุซูŠู‚ุฉ ุฃู† ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู‡ูˆ ูƒุงุชุจ ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซุŒ ูˆุชุนุทูŠ ู†ุจุฐุฉ ุนู†
ุญูŠุงุชู‡(14). ุฃู…ู‘ูŽุง ูˆุตูˆู„ู‡ ู„ู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉ ู…ุชุฃุฎู‘ูุฑุงู‹ ุทู‚ุณูŠุงู‹ ู†ูˆุนุงู‹ ู…ุง ูู„ูƒูˆู†ู‡ ุงุนุชูุจุฑ ู…ู†
ุงู„ุจุฏุงูŠุฉ ุฃู†ู‡ ุฑุณุงู„ุฉ ุฎุงุตุฉ ู…ุฑุณู„ุฉ ู„ุซุงูˆููŠู„ุณ(15) ูˆู„ูŠุณ ู…ุฏูˆู‘ู†ุงู‹ ุฃุตู„ุงู‹ ู„ู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉ.

ูˆุงู„ุชุฌุงุก
ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู„ุชุณุฌูŠู„ ุชุงุฑูŠุฎ ุจุฏุก ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ุจู…ูŠู„ุงุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ูŠูˆุถู‘ูุญ ู…ุฏู‰ ู‚ูˆุฉ ุงู„ุจุญุซ ูˆุงู„ุฌุฑูŠ ูˆุฑุงุก

ุงู„ุญู‚ุงุฆู‚
ู…ู† ู…ู†ุงุจุนู‡ุง ู…ุฏุนู‘ูŽู…ุฉ ุจุงู„ุชุงุฑูŠุฎ ุงู„ู…ุฏู†ูŠ ุงู„ุฑูˆู…ุงู†ูŠ ุจุชุฏู‚ูŠู‚. ู‡ุฐุง ูŠุคูƒู‘ูุฏ ุฃุตุงู„ุฉ ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„
ูƒู…ุจุญุซ ู…ุฏู†ูŠ ูˆู„ุงู‡ูˆุชูŠ ุจุขู† ูˆุงุญุฏ.

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5- ุฒู…ู† ูƒุชุงุจุฉ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง

ุงุชูู‚
ุงู„ุนู„ู…ุงุก ูˆุจุงู„ุฃุฎุต ู‡ุงุฑู†ุงูƒ ูˆุจุฑูˆุณ(16) ุฃู† ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูˆู‡ูˆ ู…ุฑุงูู‚ ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุจูˆู„ุณ ููŠ ุณุฌู†ู‡
ุงู„ุฃุฎูŠุฑ ุจุฑูˆู…ุง ุฃู„ู‘ูŽู ุณูุฑ ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ููŠ ู…ุฏู‰ ุงู„ุณู†ุชูŠู† ุงู„ู„ุชูŠู† ุนุงุด ููŠู‡ู…ุง ู…ุน ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุจูˆู„ุณ
ููŠ ุงู„ุจูŠุช ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุงุณุชุฃุฌุฑู‡ุŒ ูˆุฐู„ูƒ ุญูˆุงู„ูŠ ุณู†ุฉ 61ู…. ูˆุงู†ุชู‡ู‰ ุจุงุณุชุดู‡ุงุฏ ู‚. ุจูˆู„ุณ ุญูˆุงู„ูŠ ุณู†ุฉ
62ู… ู„ุฐู„ูƒ ุชูˆู‚ู‘ูŽู ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุนู† ูƒุชุงุจุฉ ุณูุฑ ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ุนู†ุฏ ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ู†ู‚ุทุฉ. ูˆูŠุฑุฌู‘ูุญ ุงู„ุนุงู„ูู…
ุฌูˆุฏุช ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุฑุฃูŠ(17). ุฃู…ู‘ูŽุง ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ููŠุจุฏูˆ ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ุฏ ุชู…ู‘ูŽ ู‚ุจู„ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ู…ูŠุนุงุฏ ุจู‚ู„ูŠู„. ูˆูŠุฑู‰
ุงู„ุนุงู„ูู… ุดุงู(18) ุฃู† ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูƒุชุจ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‡ ูˆุณูุฑ ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ุฅู…ู‘ูŽุง ููŠ ู‚ูŠุตุฑูŠุฉ (ุฃุซู†ุงุก ุณุฌู† ู‚.
ุจูˆู„ุณ ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ู‡ู†ุงูƒ) ุฃูˆ ููŠ ุฑูˆู…ุง ูƒู…ุง ู‚ู„ู†ุงุŒ ูˆู„ูƒู†ู‡ ู„ู… ูŠูุฐูŽุน ุฅู„ุงู‘ูŽ ุจุนุฏ ุงุณุชุดู‡ุงุฏ ู‚. ุจูˆู„ุณุŒ
ูˆู‡ุฐุง ูŠูˆุงูู‚ ุนู„ูŠู‡ ู‚. ุฅูŠุฑูŠู†ูŠุฆูˆุณ. ูˆูŠู„ุญู‘ ู‚. ุฌูŠุฑูˆู… ุฃู† ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูƒุชุจ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‡ ููŠ ุฃุฎุงุฆูŠุฉ
ูˆุจูˆูŠูˆุชูŠุง
Boeotia ูˆู‡ุฐุง ูŠูƒูˆู† ุจุนุฏ ุงู„ุณุฌู† ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุจูˆู„ุณ ุจู‚ู„ูŠู„.

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6- ุงู„ุงุฏู„ุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ุตุญุฉ ู†ุณุจ ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู…ู† ูƒุชุงุจุงุช ุงู„ุงุจุงุก

ูƒุชุจ
ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู…ุคู„ู‘ูŽูู‹ุง ูˆุงุญุฏู‹ุง ูˆู‚ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽู‡ ู…ุฌู„ู‘ูŽุฏูŠู†: ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ูŽ ูˆุฃุนู…ุงู„ูŽ ุงู„ุฑุณู„. ูˆุญูŠู† ูƒุชุจ
ุงู„ุฅูู†ุฌูŠู„ุŒ ู‡ุฏููŽ ู…ู† ูƒุชุงุจุชู‡ ุฅู„ู‰ ุชู‚ุฏูŠู… “ุฑูˆุงูŠุฉ ู„ู„ุงุญุฏุงุซ” ู„ูƒูŠ ูŠุนุฑู ุงู„ุชู„ู…ูŠุฐู
ุตุญู‘ุฉูŽ ุงู„ุชุนู„ูŠู… ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุชุชู„ู…ุฐ ู„ู‡ (1: 1- 4).

ูŠุญุฏู‘ุซู†ุง
ุงู„ุชู‚ู„ูŠุฏ ู…ู†ุฐ ุงู„ู‚ุฑู† ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠ ุนู† ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูƒูƒุงุชุจ ู„ู„ุฅูู†ุฌูŠู„. ู‡ูˆ ุฐู„ูƒ “ุงู„ุทุจูŠุจู
ุงู„ุญุจูŠุจ” (ูƒูˆ 4: 14) ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุฑุงูู‚ูŽ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุจูˆู„ุณ ุฎู„ุงู„ ุฑุญู„ุงุชู‡ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ูŠู‘ุฉุŒ ุจู„ ุญุชู‰
ุฑูˆู…ุฉ. ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ุณูุฑ ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„ (13: 28- 14) “ูƒู†ุง ููŠ ุจูˆุทูŠูˆู„ุŒ ุญูŠุซ ูˆุฌุฏู†ุง ุฅุฎูˆุฉ.
ูุณุฃู„ูˆู†ุง ุฃู† ู†ู‚ูŠู… ุนู†ุฏู‡ู… ุณุจุนุฉ ุฃูŠุงู…. ูˆู‡ูƒุฐุง ุฌุฆู†ุง ุฅู„ู‰ ุฑูˆู…ุฉ”. ู‡ุฐุง ู…ุง ูŠู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ู„ูˆู‚ุง
ุนู† ุจุทุฑุณ ูˆุจูˆู„ุณุŒ ุจู„ ุนู† ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุชูŠ ุงู†ุทู„ู‚ุช ู…ู† ุฃูˆุฑุดู„ูŠู… ููˆุตู„ุช ุฅู„ู‰ ุฑูˆู…ุฉ.

ย 

ูู…ู†
ู‡ูˆ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู‡ุฐุง ููŠ ู†ุธุฑ ุงู„ุชู‚ู„ูŠุฏุŒ ูˆุฅู„ู‰ ู…ูŽู† ูƒุชุจ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‡ุŸ

ย 

1-
ุดูŽู‡ุงุฏุงุช ุงู„ุชู‚ู„ูŠุฏ ุงู„ูƒู†ุณูŠู‘ ุงู„ุฃูŽูˆู‘ู„

ุฃูˆู‘ู„ุงู‹:
ู…ุฑูƒูŠูˆู† ููŠ ูƒุชุงุจู‡ “ุงุจูˆุณุชูˆู„ูŠูƒูˆู†” (ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูŠุชุถู…ู‘ู† ู†ุตู‘ ุฑุณุงุฆู„ ุจูˆู„ุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„). ู„ู…
ูŠุญุชูุธ ุฅู„ุง ุจุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ูˆุงุญุฏุŒ ู‡ูˆ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุจุนุฏ ุฃู† ุบูŠู‘ูŽุฑ ู…ูุนุทูŽูŠุงุชู‡ ูˆุดูˆู‘ู‡ู‡ ูƒู…ุง ูŠู‚ูˆู„
ุชุฑุชู„ูŠุงู†ุณ. ูˆุจู…ุง ุฃู†ู‘ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฅูู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซุŒ ูู‡ุฐุง ูŠุฏูƒู‘ ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู† ูƒุงุชุจู‡ ู‡ูˆ
ุชู„ู…ูŠุฐ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุจูˆู„ุณุŒ ูˆุฅู„ุง ู„ู…ุง ูƒุงู† ุฃุฎุฐ ุจู‡ ู…ุฑู‚ูŠูˆู† ูˆู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฑุงูุถ ู„ูƒู„ ู…ุง ูŠู…ูุชู‘ ุจุตู„ุฉ ุฅู„ู‰
ุงู„ุนู‡ุฏ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠู….

ย 

ุซุงู†ูŠู‹ุง:
ู‚ุงู†ูˆู† ู…ูˆุฑุงุชูˆุฑูŠ. ู‡ูˆ ู…ุฎุทูˆุท ู…ู† ุงู„ู‚ุฑู† ุงู„ุซุงู…ู† ูŠุญุชูˆูŠ ูˆุซูŠู‚ุฉ ุชุฑุฌุน ุงู„ู‰ ุณู†ุฉ 180 ุชู‚ุฑูŠุจู‹ุง.
ูŠู‚ูˆู„: “ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซ ู‡ูˆ ูƒุชุงุจ ุงู„ุฅูู†ุฌูŠู„ ุจุญุณุจ ู„ูˆู‚ุง. ูˆู„ูˆู‚ุง ู‡ูˆ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุทุจูŠุจ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุฃุฎุฐู‡
ุจูˆู„ุณุŒ ุจุนุฏ ุตุนูˆุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญุŒ ูˆุฌุนู„ู‡ ุฑููŠู‚ ุฃุณูุงุฑู‡. ูƒุชุจ ุจุงุณู…ู‡ ุญุณุจ ุชุนู„ูŠู… ุจูˆู„ุณ. ู‡ูˆ ู„ู… ูŠุดุงู‡ุฏ
ุงู„ุฑุจู‘ ุจุงู„ุฌุณุฏ. ู„ู‡ุฐุง ุจุฏุฃ ุฎุจุฑู‡ ุงู†ุทู„ุงู‚ู‹ุง ู…ู† ู…ูˆู„ุฏ ูŠูˆุญู†ุงุŒ ูƒู…ุง ุงุณุชุทุงุน ุฃู† ูŠุฏุฑูƒู‡”.

ู‡ู†ุงูƒ
ู…ู‚ุทุน ุชุดูˆู‘ูŽู‡ ูุตุงุฑ ุบุงู…ุถู‹ุง. ู‡ู„ ู†ู‚ุฑุฃ “ุฑููŠู‚ ุฏุฑุจู‡” ุงูˆ “ุงู„ุนุงุฑู (ุจุทุฑูŠู‚
ุงู„ุฑุจ)”ุŸ ุงู„ุฃู…ุฑุงู† ู…ู…ูƒู†ุงู†. ุซู… ุฅู† ุงู„ุนู„ู…ุงุก ู‚ุงู…ูˆุง ุจุชุตุญูŠุญุงุช ู„ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ู†ุตู‘ ู„ุชูŽุณู’ู‡ูู„
ู‚ุฑุงุกุชู‡.

ุชุนู„ู‘ู…ู†ุง
ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ูˆุซูŠู‚ุฉ ุงู† ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู‡ูˆ ุตุงุญุจ ุงู„ุฅูู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซุŒ ูˆูƒุงู† ุทุจูŠุจู‹ุง. ูˆูŠู„ู…ู‘ุญ ุงู„ู†ุต ุฅู„ู‰ ุตุนูˆุฏ
ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูŠู†ู‡ูŠ ุงู„ุฃูŽู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซ ูˆูŠุจุฏุฃ ุณูุฑ ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„. ูƒุงู† ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุฑููŠู‚ ุจูˆู„ุณุŒ ูˆู‚ุฏ
ุฃูุงุฏู‡ ุจู…ุนู„ูˆู…ุงุชู‡ ุงู„ู‚ุงู†ูˆู†ูŠู‘ุฉ. ูˆุฅุฐุง ุฃุฎุฐู†ุง ุจุดุฑุญ ุงู„ุนุจุงุฑุฉ ุงู„ู…ุดูˆู‘ู‡ุฉ ู†ุนุฑู ุฃู† ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู‡ูˆ
ุฑููŠู‚ ุฃุณูุงุฑ ุจูˆู„ุณ. ู„ู… ูŠุฑูŽ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ููŠ ุงู„ุฌุณุฏุŒ ุฃูŠ ู„ู… ูŠุฑุงูู‚ู‡ ุฎู„ุงู„ ุญูŠุงุชู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฃุฑุถุŒ
ูุชุนู„ู‘ู… ุนู„ู‰ ูŠุฏ ุขุฎุฑูŠู†ุŒ ูˆู†ู‚ู„ ู…ุงุฏู‘ุฉ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‡ ู…ู† ุฃุฌู„ ุงู„ู‡ุฏู ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูˆุถุนู‡ ู†ุตุจ ุนูŠู†ูŠู‡ุŒ
ู…ุจุชุฏุฆู‹ุง ุจู…ูˆู„ุฏ ูŠูˆุญู†ุง ุงู„ู…ุนู…ุฏุงู†.

ย 

ุซุงู„ุซู‹ุง:
ู…ูŽุทู„ูŽุน ู…ู†ุงู‡ุถ ู„ู…ุฑู‚ูŠูˆู† ูˆู‡ูˆ ู…ุทู„ุน ู‚ุฏูŠู… ุฌุฏู‘ู‹ุง ุฏููˆู‘ูู† ููŠ ุงู„ู„ุงุชูŠู†ูŠู‘ุฉ. ู‚ุงู„ ุจุนุถ ุงู„ุดูุฑู‘ุงุญ
ุฅู†ู‡ ูŠุนูˆุฏ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ู‚ุฑู† ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠ (160- 180). ูˆู‚ุงู„ ุขุฎุฑูˆู† ุฅู†ู‡ ูŠุนูˆุฏ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ู‚ุฑู† ุงู„ุฑุงุจุน.
ู…ุงุฐุง ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ู…ุทู„ุนุŸ “ุฑุฌู„ูŒ ุงุณู…ู‡ ู„ูˆู‚ุง. ู…ู† ุงู†ุทุงูƒูŠุฉ ุณูˆุฑูŠุฉ. ุชู…ุฑู‘ูŽุณ ุจูู† ุงู„ุทุจู‘.
ูˆุชุชู„ู…ุฐ ู„ู„ุฑุณู„. ุจุนุฏ ุฐู„ูƒุŒ ุชุจุน ุจูˆู„ุณ ุญุชู‰ ุงุณุชุดู‡ุงุฏู‡. ุฎุฏู…ูŽ ุงู„ุฑุจู‘ูŽ ุจู„ุง ุนูŠุจุŒ ูู…ุง ุชุฒูˆู‘ูŽุฌ
ุงู…ุฑุฃุฉ ูˆู„ุง ุฃู†ุฌุจูŽ ุฃูˆู„ุงุฏู‹ุง. ุชูˆููŠ ููŠ ุจูŠูˆุซูŠุฉ (ู…ู†ุทู‚ุฉ ููŠ ุงู„ูŠูˆู†ุงู† ุนุงุตู…ุชู‡ุง ุซูŠุจุฉ) ู…ู…ุชู„ุฆู‹ุง
ู…ู† ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ุงู„ู‚ุฏุณุŒ ูˆูƒุงู† ุนู…ุฑู‡ 80 ุณู†ุฉ. ูƒุงู†ุช ู‚ุฏ ุฏููˆู‘ูู†ุช ุฃู†ุงุฌูŠู„ุŒ ู…ุชู‰ ููŠ ุงู„ูŠู‡ูˆุฏูŠุฉุŒ ู…ุฑู‚ุณ
ููŠ ุฅูŠุทุงู„ูŠุฉ. ุฃู…ุง ู‡ูˆ ูุฏูˆู‘ู† ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ุจุฅู„ู‡ุงู… ู…ู† ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ุงู„ู‚ุฏุณ ููŠ ู…ู†ุงุทู‚ ุงุฎุงุฆูŠุฉ (ููŠ
ุงู„ูŠูˆู†ุงู†). ุฃูˆุถุญ ููŠ ุงู„ุจุฏุงูŠุฉ ุฃู† ุฃู†ุงุฌูŠู„ ุฃุฎุฑู‰ ุฏููˆู‘ูู†ุช ู‚ุจู„ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‡ุŒ ูˆุฃู†ู‡ ุฑุฃู‰ ู…ู†
ุงู„ุถุฑูˆุฑุฉ ุฃู† ูŠุนุฑุถ ู„ู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ู…ู† ุฃุตู„ ูŠูˆู†ุงู†ูŠู‘ ุฎุจุฑู‹ุง ูƒุงู…ู„ุงู‹ ูˆู…ุฏู‚ู‘ูŽู‚ู‹ุง ุนู† ุงู„ุฃุญุฏุงุซ…”.

ย 

ุฑุงุจุนู‹ุง:
ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุฅูŠุฑูŠู†ุงูˆุณ. ุชุนูˆุฏ ุดู‡ุงุฏุชู‡ ุนู† ูƒุงุชุจ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุฅู„ู‰ ุฒู…ู† ู‚ุงู†ูˆู† ู…ูˆุฑุงุชูˆุฑูŠ. ู‚ุงู„ ููŠ
ุงู„ู‚ุณู… ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซ ู…ู† ูƒุชุงุจู‡ ุถุฏู‘ ุงู„ู‡ุฑุงุทู‚ุฉ: “ูˆูƒุฐู„ูƒ ู„ูˆู‚ุงุŒ ุฑููŠู‚ู ุจูˆู„ุณ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุฏูˆู‘ูŽู† ููŠ
ูƒุชุงุจุŒ ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ูƒุฑุฒูŽ ุจู‡ ุจูˆู„ุณ” ูˆู‚ุงู„ ุฅูŠุถู‹ุง: “ูƒุงู† ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู…ู„ุงุฒู…ู‹ุง ู„ุจูˆู„ุณุŒ
ูˆุดุฑูŠูƒูŽู‡ ููŠ ุงู„ูƒุฑุงุฒุฉ ุจุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„. ู‡ุฐุง ู…ุง ูŠุนู„ู…ู†ุง ุจู‡ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู†ูุณู‡ุŒ ู„ุง ู„ูŠูุชุฎุฑ ุจู„ ู„ูŠูุจุฑุฒ
ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ุฉ”. “ุฃุฌู„ ูƒุงู† ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุฌุฏูŠุฑู‹ุง ุจุฃู† ูŠู†ู‚ู„ ุฅู„ูŠู†ุง ุงู„ุฅูู†ุฌูŠู„”. ูˆูŠุฒูŠุฏ
ุฅูŠุฑูŠู†ุงูˆุณ: “ู„ู… ูŠูƒู† ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูู‚ุท ุฑููŠู‚ูŽ ุงู„ุฑุณู„ุŒ ุจู„ ู…ูุดุงุฑูƒูŽู‡ู… ูˆู…ุดุงุฑูƒูŽ ุจูˆู„ุณ”.
ูˆู‡ุฐุง ู…ุง ูŠู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุจูˆู„ุณ ููŠ ุฑุณุงู„ุชู‡: ุฏูŠู…ุงุณ ุชุฑูƒู†ูŠ ูˆุฐู‡ุจ ุฅู„ู‰ ุชุณุงู„ูˆู†ูŠูƒูŠ. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูˆุญุฏูŽู‡ ู…ุนูŠ (2
ุชู… 10: 4- 11). ู‡ุฐุง ูŠุฏู„ู‘ ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู†ู‘ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูƒุงู† ู…ุชุญุฏู‹ุง ุจุจูˆู„ุณุŒ ูˆู„ู… ูŠู†ูุตู„ ุนู†ู‡ ุฃุจุฏู‹ุง. ุฅุฐู†ุŒ
ูŠุดุฏู‘ุฏ ุฅูŠุฑูŠู†ุงูˆุณ ุนู„ู‰ ุงุฑุชุจุงุท ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุจุงู„ุฑุณู„ุŒ ูˆู„ุง ุณูŠู…ุง ุจุจูˆู„ุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„.

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ุฎุงู…ุณู‹ุง:
ุชุฑุชู„ูŠุงู†. ู‡ูˆ ุงูƒุจุฑ ุฎุตูˆู… ู…ุฑูƒูŠูˆู†. ูŠู‡ุงุฌู…ู‡ ู…ุณุชุนูŠู†ู‹ุง ุจุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง. ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ุฅู† ู„ูˆู‚ุงุŒ ุชู„ู…ูŠุฐ
ุจูˆู„ุณุŒ ู‡ูˆ ุตุงุญุจ ุงู„ุฅูู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุฃุฎุฐู‡ ู…ุฑู‚ูŠูˆู† ูุดูˆู‘ู‡ู‡ ูˆุณู…ู‘ุงู‡ “ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ุจูˆู„ุณ”.
ูˆูŠู‚ุฏู… ุชุฑุชู„ูŠุงู† ุฏูุงุนู‡ ููŠู‚ูˆู„: ูŠุฑุชุจุท ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุจุงู„ุฑุณู„ุŒ ูˆู‡ุฐุง ู…ุง ู„ุง ูŠู‚ุฏุฑ ุฃู† ูŠุทู…ุญ ุงู„ูŠู‡
ู…ุฑูƒูŠูˆู†.

ย 

ุณุงุฏุณู‹ุง:
ุฅูƒู„ู…ู†ุถุณ ุงู„ุณูƒู†ุฏุฑู‰ (+216). ูŠู„ู…ู‘ุญ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃู† ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูƒุชุจ ุณูุฑ ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„. ูˆููŠ ุชูุณูŠุฑู‡ ู„ุฑุณุงู„ุฉ
ุจุทุฑุณ ุงู„ุงูˆู„ู‰ ูŠู‚ุงุจู„ ุจูŠู† ู…ุฑู‚ุณ ูˆู„ูˆู‚ุง. ููƒู…ุง ุงุฑุชุจุท ู…ุฑู‚ุณ ุจุจุทุฑุณุŒ ูƒุฐู„ูƒ ุงุฑุชุจุท ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุจุจูˆู„ุณ.
ู…ุง ูŠู‡ู…ู‘ ุฃูƒู„ู…ู†ุถุณ ู„ูŠุณ ุดุฎุตูŠู‘ูŽุฉ ุงู„ุฅูู†ุฌูŠู„ูŠู‘ุŒ ุจู„ ุนู„ุงู‚ุชูู‡ ุจุฑุณูˆู„ู ู…ู† ุงู„ุฑุณู„.

ย 

ุณุงุจุนู‹ุง:
ุฃูˆุฑูŠุฌุงู†ูŠูˆุณ. ูˆูŠู†ู‚ู„ ุฅู„ูŠู†ุง ุฃูˆุฑูŠุฌุงู†ูŠูˆุณ ู…ุนู„ูˆู…ุงุชู ุขุชูŠุฉู‹ ู…ู† ู…ุญูŠุท ุงู„ุฅุณูƒู†ุฏุฑูŠุฉ ูˆู…ู† ุงู„ุนุตุฑ
ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุนุงุด ููŠู‡ ุฃูƒู„ู…ู†ุถุณ. ูŠุคูƒุฏ ู„ู†ุง ุฃู†ู‡ ูŠูˆุฌุฏ ุจูŠู† ุงู„ุฃูŽู†ุงุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุฃุฑุจุนุฉ ุงู„ุชูŠ ุชู‚ุจู‘ู„ุชู‡ุง
ุงู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉ ู…ู† ุฏูˆู† ุฌูุฏุงู„ ูŠูˆุฌุฏ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุงู…ุชุฏุญู‡ ุจูˆู„ุณ. ู„ู‚ุฏ ุฃู„ู‘ูู‡ ู…ู† ุฃุฌู„
ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญูŠู‘ูŠู† ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ู…ู† ุฃุตู„ ูˆุซู†ูŠ”. ู‡ุฐุง ู…ุง ุฑูˆุงู‡ ูŠูˆุณุงุจูŠูˆุณ ุงู„ู‚ูŠุตุฑูŠู‘ ููŠ ูƒุชุงุจู‡ ุงู„ุชุงุฑูŠุฎ
ุงู„ูƒู†ุณูŠู‘ ู…ูู…ู‘ุง ุณู…ุนู‡ ุนู† ุฃูˆุฑูŠุฌุงู†ูŠูˆุณ.

ย 

ุซุงู…ู†ู‹ุง:
ูŠูˆุณุงุจูŠูˆุณ ุงู„ู‚ูŠุตุฑูŠู‘. ู‡ูˆ ุฃูƒุจุฑ ุดุงู‡ุฏ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุชู‚ู„ูŠุฏ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠู…ุŒ ูˆู‡ูˆ ูŠูˆุฑุฏ ู„ู†ุง ุงู„ุชูุงุตูŠู„
ุงู„ุชุงู„ูŠุฉ: ูˆูู„ุฏ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ููŠ ุฃู†ุทุงูƒูŠุฉ ูˆูƒุงู† ุทุจูŠุจู‹ุง. ุฑุงูู‚ ุจูˆู„ุณ ูˆุงุชุตู„ ุจุณุงุฆุฑ ุงู„ุฑุณู„ ุจุตูˆุฑุฉ
ุฏุงุฆู…ุฉ. ุฏูˆู‘ูŽู† ูƒุชุงุจูŠู† ู…ูู„ู‡ูŽู…ูŠู† ู…ู† ุงู„ู„ู‡. ุงูˆู„ุง: ุงู„ุฅูู†ุฌูŠู„. ุฅุณุชู†ุฏ ุงู„ู‰ ู…ุง ุชุนู„ู‘ู…ู‡ ู…ู†
ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ูƒุงู†ูˆุง ุดู‡ูˆุฏู‹ุง ู„ู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ูˆุฎุฏู‘ุงู…ู‹ุง ู„ู‡ุง. ุซุงู†ูŠู‹ุง: ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ุงู„ุฑุณู„. ุฏูˆู‘ู†ู‡ ุจู…ุง ุนุฑูู‡
ุจู†ูุณู‡ ู…ู† ุฃุฎุจุงุฑ ุงู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰. “ูˆู‚ูŠู„ ุฅู† ุจูˆู„ุณ ุงุนุชุงุฏ ุฃู† ูŠุฐูƒุฑ ุงู„ุฅูู†ุฌูŠู„ ุจุญุณุจ
ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูƒู„ู‘ ู…ุฑุฉ ูƒุงู† ูŠูƒุชุจุŒ ูˆูƒุฃู†ู‡ ูŠุชูƒู„ู‘ู… ุนู† ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ุฎุงุตู‘ ุจู‡ุŒ ููŠู‚ูˆู„: ุจุญุณุจ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ูŠ” (ุฑูˆู…
2: 16ุ› 2 ุชู… 8: 2). ูˆูŠุชุญุฏู‘ุซ ุฃูˆุณุงุจูŠูˆุณ ููŠ ู…ูƒุงู† ุขุฎุฑ ุนู† ู„ูˆู‚ุง ููŠู‚ูˆู„: ุฃู…ู‘ุง ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูู‚ุฏ
ุฏู„ู‘ ุจู†ูุณู‡ ููŠ ุจุฏุงูŠุฉ ู…ุคู„ูู‡ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุจุงุนุซ ุงู„ุฐูŠ ุฏูุนู‡ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจุฉ. ุญุงูˆู„ ูƒุซูŠุฑูˆู†… ูุฑุฃู‰
ู…ู† ุงู„ุถุฑูˆุฑูŠู‘ ุฃู† ูŠุญุฑู‘ุฑู†ุง ู…ู† ุงูุชุฑุงุถุงุช ุบูŠุฑ ุฃูƒูŠุฏุฉ ู‚ุฏู‘ู…ู‡ุง ุงู„ุขุฎุฑูˆู†ุŒ ูˆุฃู† ูŠู†ู‚ู„ ุฅู„ูŠู†ุง ููŠ
ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‡ ุงู„ุฎุงุตู‘ ุฎุจุฑู‹ุง ุฃูƒูŠุฏู‹ุง ู„ู…ุง ุณู…ุนู‡ ููŠ ุฑูู‚ุฉ ุจูˆู„ุณ ูˆููŠ ุฃุญุงุฏูŠุซู‡ ู…ุน ุณุงุฆุฑ ุงู„ุฑุณู„.

ุชุงุณุนู‹ุง:
ุฅูŠุฑูˆู†ูŠู…ูˆุณ. ุฅู‡ุชู…ู‘ ุจุตูˆุฑุฉ ุฎุงุตู‘ุฉ ุจุงู„ุชู‚ุงู„ูŠุฏ ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจูŠู‘ุฉุŒ ูˆูƒุงู† ููŠ ุฃุณุงุณ ุงู„ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ
ุงู„ู„ุงุชูŠู†ูŠุฉ ุงู„ู…ุณู…ู‘ุงุฉ ุงู„ุดุนุจูŠุฉ ุฃูˆ ููˆู„ุบุงุชุง. ุฅู†ู‡ ูŠุดู‡ุฏ ููŠ ุดุฑุญู‡ ู„ุฃุดุนูŠุง ูˆู…ู‚ุฏู‘ู…ุฉ ุดุฑุญ ู…ุชู‘ู‰ุŒ
ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู†ู‘ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุฃู„ู‘ู ุงู„ุฅูู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซ ูˆุฃุนู…ุงู„ ุงู„ุฑุณู„. ูˆุณูŠุฑุฏู‘ุฏ ุงู„ุชู‚ู„ูŠุฏ ุงู„ู„ุงุญู‚ ูƒู„ ู‡ุฐู‡
ุงู„ุดู‡ุงุฏุงุชุŒ ูˆุณูŠุฒูŠุฏ ุจุนุถ ุงู„ุฃู…ูˆุฑ ุงู„ุชูŠ ู„ุง ู†ุณุชุทูŠุน ุฃู† ู†ุซู‚ ุจู‡ุง ุฏุงุฆู…ู‹ุง ู„ุฃู†ู‡ุง ุฏููˆู‘ูู†ุช
ู„ุชูุฑุถูŠ ูุถูˆู„ ุงู„ู‚ุฑู‘ุงุก. ู‚ุงู„ูˆุง: ุฅู† ู„ูˆู‚ุง ู‡ูˆ ุฃุญุฏ ุงู„ุณุจุนูŠู† ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ุฃุฑุณู„ู‡ู… ูŠุณูˆุน ุฃู…ุงู…ู‡ (10:
1ูŠ)ุŒ ูˆุฅู†ู‡ ุฃุญุฏ ุงู„ุชู„ู…ูŠุฐูŠู† ุงู„ู„ุฐูŠู† ุฑุงูู‚ุง ุงู„ุฑุจ ุนู„ู‰ ุทุฑูŠู‚ ุนู…ู‘ุงูˆุณ ู…ุน ูƒู„ูŠูˆุจุง. ูˆู‚ุงู„ูˆุง: ูƒุงู†
ุฑุณู‘ูŽุงู…ู‹ุง ูุงุญุชูุธ ู„ู†ุง ุจู‚ูŽุณูŽู…ุงุช ูˆุฌู‡ ู…ุฑูŠู… ุงู„ุนุฐุฑุงุก.

ย 

ุงู„ุชู‚ู„ูŠุฏ
ุนุงู…ู‘ ูˆุดุงู…ู„ุŒ ูˆู‡ูˆ ูŠุตู„ ุฅู„ูŠู†ุง ู…ู† ุณูˆุฑูŠุง ูˆุฑูˆู…ุง (ู…ูˆุฑุงุชูˆุฑูŠ) ูˆุบุงู„ูŠุง (ุฃูŠ ูุฑู†ุณุง ุงู„ุญุงู„ูŠู‘ุฉ)
ูˆุฃูุฑูŠู‚ูŠุง (ุงู„ุดู…ุงู„ูŠุฉุŒ ุชุฑุชู„ูŠุงู†) ูˆุงู„ุฅูุณูƒู†ุฏุฑูŠุฉ (ุฃูƒู„ู…ู†ุถุณุŒ ุฃูˆุฑูŠุฌุงู†ูŠูˆุณ). ูƒู„ู‘ ู‡ุคู„ุงุก
ูŠุฌู…ุนูˆู† ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู‚ูˆู„ ุฅู†ู‘ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุงู„ุทุจูŠุจ ูˆุฑููŠู‚ ุจูˆู„ุณ ู‚ุฏ ุฏูˆู‘ูŽู† ุงู„ุฅูู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซ.

ย 

ุงุดุฑู†ุง
ุงู„ู‰ ุงู† ุงุณุชุฎุฏุงู… ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ู‚ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูƒุงู† ู…ู†ุฐ ุงู„ุนุตุฑ ุงู„ุงูˆู„ ู„ู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉ ูู‰ ุงูˆุงุฎุฑ ุงู„ู‚ุฑู† ุงู„ุงูˆู„ ูˆุจุฏุงูŠุงุช
ุงู„ุซุงู†ู‰ ูˆููŠู…ุง ูŠู„ู‰ ู†ู‚ุฏู… ุจุนุถ ุงู„ุงุฏู„ุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ุตุญุฉ ู†ุณุจ ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ู…ุนู„ู…ู†ุง ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุงู„ุจุดูŠุฑ

ย 

ู†ุธุฑุง
ู„ูˆุถูˆุญ ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุงุช ูˆู„ุถูŠู‚ ุงู„ูˆู‚ุช ูุณุฃุถุน ุงู„ุงู‚ุชุจุงุณุงุช ุจุงู„ู„ุบุฉ ุงู„ุงู†ุฌู„ูŠุฒูŠุฉ ูˆู†ู„ูˆู† ุงู„ุงุดุงุฑุฉ
ู„ู„ุฏู„ูŠู„ ุจุงู„ู„ูˆู† ุงู„ุงุญู…ุฑ

ย 

1-
ุงูŠุฑูŠู†ุงุคุณ ุงุณู‚ู ู„ูŠูˆู†

ูŠุตุฑุญ
ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุงูŠุฑูŠู†ุงุคุณ ูู‰ ูƒุซูŠุฑ ู…ู† ุงู„ู…ุฑุงุช ุงู† ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู„ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูˆูŠู†ุณุจู‡ ูƒุซูŠุฑุง
ู„ู‡ ูˆูŠูƒุฑุฑ ูƒุซูŠุฑุง “ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู„ู„ูˆู‚ุง” , “ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ุชุจุนุง ู„ู„ูˆู‚ุง”
, “ูƒู…ุง ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง”…ุฃู„ุฎ.

Besides
this, he mutilates the Gospel which is according to
Luke
, removing all that is written respecting the generation of the Lord
,

Against
Heresies , Book I , Chap. XXVII , 2

who has mentioned His years, has expressed it: โ€œNow Jesus was, as it were, beginning to be thirty years
old,โ€ (Luk
3: 23)

Against
Heresies , Book II , Chap. XXII , 5

ย Luke also, the companion of Paul, recorded
in a book the Gospel preached by him

Against
Heresies , Book III , Chap. I , 1

luke also, the follower and
disciple of the apostles, referring to Zacharias
and Elisabeth, from whom, according to promise, John was born, says: โ€œAnd they
were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances
of the Lord blameless.โ€ (Luk 1: 6)

Against
Heresies , Book III , Chap. X , 1

Luke say in reference to the Lord:
โ€œWhen the days of purification were accomplished, they brought Him up to
Jerusalem, to present Him before the Lord, as it is written in the law of the
Lord, That every male opening the womb shall be called holy to the Lord; and that
they should offer a sacrifice, as it is said in the law of the Lord, a pair of
turtle-doves, or two young pigeons: โ€ (Luk 2: 22)

Against
Heresies , Book III , Chap. X , 4

Marcion
and his followers have betaken themselves to mutilating the Scriptures, not
acknowledging some books at all; and, curtailing the
Gospel according to Luke
and the Epistles of Paul, they assert that
these are alone authentic

Against
Heresies , Book III , Chap. XII , 12

also does Luke, without
respect of persons, deliver to us what he had learned from them, as he has
himself testified, saying, โ€œEven as they delivered them unto us, who from the
beginning were eye-witnesses and ministers of the Word.โ€ (Luk 1: 2)

Against
Heresies , Book III , Chap. XIV , 2

ย 

ูู‰
ุงู„ุฌุฒุก ุงู„ุชุงู„ู‰ ูŠู‚ุชุจุณ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุงูŠุฑูŠู†ุงุคุณ ูƒุซูŠุฑุง ู…ู† ุงู„ู…ูˆุงุถุน ุงู„ุชู‰ ู„ู… ูŠุฐูƒุฑู‡ุง ุบูŠุฑ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุจุดุงุฑุชู‡
, ูˆูŠุตุฑุญ ุจู‡ุฐุง ูู‰ ุจุฏุงูŠุฉ ู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ููŠู‚ูˆู„ ุงู† ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ุงุฌุฒุงุก ู„ู… ุชุฑุฏ ุงู„ุง ูู‰ ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุฐู‰
ู„ู„ูˆู‚ุง

All things of the following kind we have known through Luke alone (and numerous actions of the Lord we have learned
through him, which also all [the Evangelists] notice): the multitude of fishes
which Peterโ€™s companions enclosed, when at the Lordโ€™s command they cast the
nets; (Luk 5: 1-39) the woman who had suffered for eighteen years, and was
healed on the Sabbath-day; (Luk 13: 1-35) the man who had the dropsy, whom the
Lord made whole on the Sabbath, and how He did defend Himself for having
performed an act of healing on that day; how He taught His disciples not to
aspire to the uppermost rooms; how we should invite the poor and feeble, who
cannot recompense us; the man who knocked during the night to obtain loaves,
and did obtain them, because of the urgency of his importunity; (Luk 11: 1-54)
how, when [our Lord] was sitting at meat with a Pharisee, a woman that was a
sinner kissed His feet, and anointed them with ointment, with what the Lord
said to Simon on her behalf concerning the two debtors; (Luk 7: 1-50) also
about the parable of that rich man who stored up the goods which had accrued to
him, to whom it was also said, โ€œIn this night they shall demand thy soul from
thee; whose then shall those things be which thou hast prepared?โ€ (Luk 12: 20)
and similar to this, that of the rich man, who was clothed in purple and who
fared sumptuously, and the indigent Lazarus; (Luk 16: 1-31) also the answer
which He gave to His disciples when they said, โ€œIncrease our faith;โ€ (Luk 17: 5)
also His conversation with Zaccheus the publican; (Luk 19: 1-48) also about the
Pharisee and the publican, who were praying in the temple at the same time; (Luk
18: 1-43) also the ten lepers, whom He cleansed in the way simultaneously; (Luk
17: 1-37) also how He ordered the lame and the blind to be gathered to the
wedding from the lanes and streets; (Luk 18: 1-43) also the parable of the
judge who feared not God, whom the widowโ€™s importunity led to avenge her cause;
(Luk 13: 1-35) and about the fig-tree in the vineyard which produced no fruit.
There are also many other particulars to be found mentioned by Luke alone
,

Against
Heresies , Book III , Chap. XIV , 3

also
Luke, commencing the genealogy with the Lord, carried it back to Adam,
indicating that it was He who regenerated them into the Gospel of life, and not
they Him

Against
Heresies , Book III , Chap. XXII , 4

He
then, having been thus signally defeated, and then, as it were, concentrating
his forces, drawing up in order all his available power for falsehood, in the
third place โ€œshowed Him all the kingdoms of the world, and the glory of them,โ€ (Luk
4: 6, Luk 4: 7) saying, as Luke relates, โ€œAll these will I give thee, โ€” for
they are delivered to me; and to whom I will, I give them, โ€” if thou wilt fall
down and worship me.โ€ The Lord then, exposing him in his true character, says,
โ€œDepart, Satan; for it is written, Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and Him
only shalt thou serve.โ€ (Mat
4: 10)

Against
Heresies , Book VI , Chap. XXI , 2

ย 

2-
ุงูƒู„ูŠู…ู†ุฏุณ ุงู„ุณูƒู†ุฏุฑู‰

Have
you anything to eat here? said the Lord (Luk 24: 41-44) to the disciples after
the resurrection; and they, as taught by Him to practise frugality, โ€œgave Him a
piece of broiled fish;โ€ and having eaten before them, says
Luke
, He spoke to them what He spoke
.

The
Instructor , Book II , Chap. I

ย it is written in the Gospel by Luke as
follows
: โ€œAnd in the fifteenth year, in
the reign of Tiberius Caesar, the word of the Lord came to John, the son of
Zacharias.โ€ And again in the same book: โ€œAnd Jesus was coming to His baptism,
being about thirty years old,โ€ (Luk 3: 1, Luk 3: 2, Luk
3: 23)

The
Stromata , Book I , Chap. XXI

ย 

3-
ุงู„ุนู„ุงู…ุฉ ุชุฑุชูŠู„ูŠุงู†

St. Luke himself desired the authority of his predecessors for both his own faith and preaching, how much
more may not I require for Lukeโ€™s Gospel that which was necessary for the
Gospel of his master
.

Against
Marcion , Book IV , Chap. II

With
regard, then, to the pending question, of Lukeโ€™s Gospel
(so far as its being the common property of ourselves and Marcion enables it to
be decisive of the truth,) that portion of it which we alone receive is so much
older than Marcion
,

Against
Marcion , Book IV , Chap. IV

Gospel of Luke which we are defending with all our might has stood its ground from its very first
publication; whereas Marcionโ€™s Gospel is not known to most people, and to none
whatever is it known without being at the same time condemned
.

Against
Marcion , Book IV , Chap. V

Lukeโ€™s, which is received amongst us, so far accords with their rule as to be on a par with them in
permanency of reception in the churches, it clearly follows that Lukeโ€™s Gospel
also has come down to us in like integrity until the sacrilegious treatment of
Marcion

Against
Marcion , Book IV , Chap. V

ย โ€œfor, says (St. Luke), โ€œHis word was with power (Luk 4: 32)

Against
Marcion , Book IV , Chap. VII

The Gospel of Luke alone, and
that not entire, does he receive. Of the Apostle Paul he takes neither all the
epistles, nor in their integrity. The Acts of the Apostles and the Apocalypse
he rejects as false
.

Against
All Heresies , Chap. VI

ย 

4-
ุงู„ุนู„ุงู…ุฉ ุงูˆุฑูŠุฌุงู†ูŠูˆุณ

And in the Gospel according to Luke, Peter says to Jesus, โ€œDepart from me, O Lord, for I am a sinful man.โ€
(Luk 5: 8)

Against
Celsus , Book I , Chap. LXIII

And in the Gospel of Luke also,
while Simon and Cleopas were conversing with each other respecting all that had
happened to them, Jesus โ€œdrew near, and went with them. And their eyes were
holden, that they should not know Him. And He said unto them, What manner of
communications are these that ye have one to another, as ye walk?โ€ And when
their eyes were opened, and they knew Him, then the Scripture says, in express
words, โ€œAnd He vanished out of their sight.โ€ (Luk 24: 15, Luk 24: 31)

Against
Celsus , Book II , Chap. LXII

For it is related in St. Lukeโ€™s Gospel, that Jesus after His resurrection took bread, and
blessed it, and breaking it, distributed it to Simon and Cleopas; and when they
had received the bread, โ€œtheir eyes were opened, and they knew Him, and He
vanished out of their sight,โ€ (cf. Luk 24: 30, Luk 24: 31

ย 

ูู‰
ุงู„ุงู‚ุชุจุงุณ ุงู„ุชุงู„ู‰ ูŠุฑุฏ ุงู„ุนู„ุงู…ุฉ ุงูˆุฑูŠุฌุงู†ูŠูˆุณ ุนู„ู‰ ุดุจู‡ุฉ ูˆุฌูˆุฏ ู…ู„ุงูƒ ุงูˆ ู…ู„ุงูƒูŠู† ุนู†ุฏ ู‚ูŠุงู…ุฉ
ุงู„ุฑุจ ู…ู† ุงู„ุงู…ูˆุงุช ูˆูŠุคูƒุฏ ุงู† ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู„ู„ูˆู‚ุง

Against
Celsus , Book II , Chap. LXVIII

ย according to some, two angels, according to others,
one;โ€ having failed to notice, I think, that Matthew and Mark speak of one, and
Luke and John of two, which statements are not
contradictory. For they who mention โ€œone,โ€ say that it was he who rolled away
the stone from the sepulchre; while they who mention โ€œtwo,โ€ refer to those who appeared
in shining raiment to the women that repaired to the sepulchre, or who were
seen within sitting in white garments
.

Against
Celsus , Book VI , Chap. LVI

Does not Luke declare (Luk 1: 65)
that โ€œfear came upon all those who lived round about,โ€ – clearly round about
Zacharias and Elisabeth – and that โ€œall these things were noised abroad
throughout the whole hill country of
Judaeaโ€?

Origenโ€™s
Commentary on the Gospel of John , Sixth Book , Part I , 7

Luke, like Mark, remembers the passage, โ€œThe voice of one crying in the wilderness,โ€ but lie for his part
treats it as follows: (Luk 3: 2) โ€œThe word of God came unto John, the son of
Zacharias, in the wilderness. And he came into all the region round about
Jordan preaching the baptism of repentance unto remission of sins; as it is
written in the book of the words of Isaiah the prophet, The voice of one crying
in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make His paths straight
.โ€

Origenโ€™s
Commentary on the Gospel of John , Sixth Book , Part II , 14

And Luke says (Luk 3: 16) that, as the
people were in expectation, and all were reasoning in their hearts concerning
John, whether haply he were the Christ, John answered them all, saying. โ€œI
indeed baptize you with water; but there cometh one mightier than I, whose
shoe-latchet I am not worthy to unloose; He shall baptize you with the Holy
Ghost, and with fire
.โ€

Origenโ€™s
Commentary on the Gospel of John , Sixth Book , Part II , 16

uke
has, (Luk
4: 13-16) โ€œAnd having finished the temptation the devil
departed from Him for a season. And Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit
into
Galilee, and a fame went out concerning Him into all the
region round about, and He taught in their synagogues being glorified of all.
And He came to Nazara, where He had been brought up, and He entered as His
custom was into the synagogue on the Sabbath day.โ€ Then
Luke (
Luk 4: 21)
gives what He said at Nazara
, and how those in the synagogue were
enraged at Him and cast Him out of the city and brought Him to the brow of the
hill on which their cities were built, to cast Him down headlong, and how going
through the midst of them the Lord went His way; and with this he connects the
statement, โ€œAnd He came down to Capernaum, a city of Galilee, and He was
teaching them on the Sabbath day
.โ€

Origenโ€™s
Commentary on the Gospel of John , Tenth Book , Part I , 1

And Luke: (Luk 19: 41, Luk 19:
42) โ€œAnd when he came near, He beheld the city and wept over it, saying that,
if thou hadst known in this day, even thou, the things that belong to peace;
but now they are hid from thine eyes. For the days shall come upon thee, when
they shall surround thee and shut thee in on every side, and shall dash thee to
the ground and thy children, and they shall not leave in thee one stone upon
another, because thou knewest not the thee of thy visitation. And He entered
into the temple and began to cast out those that sold, saying to them, It is
written, My house shall be a house of prayer, but ye have made it a den of
robbers
.โ€

Origenโ€™s
Commentary on the Gospel of John , Tenth Book , Part II , 15

in Matthew, Mark, and Luke, (Mat
14: 17;
Mar
6: 38; Luk 9: 13) the disciples say that they have the five loaves and
the two fishes
,

Origenโ€™s
Commentary on the Gospel of Mathew , Eleventh Book , Part I , 2

ย 

5-
ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูƒุจุฑูŠุงู†ูˆุณ

Also in that according to Luke:
โ€œAnd Zacharias was filled with the Holy Ghost, and prophesied, saying, Blessed
be the Lord God of Israel, who hath foreseen redemption for His people, and
hath raised up an horn of salvation for us in the house of His servant David.โ€ (Luk
1: 67-69)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book II , 7

Also in the Gospel according to Luke: โ€œAnd it came to pass, when Elisabeth heard the salutation of Mary,
the babe leaped in her womb; and she was filled with the Holy Ghost, and she
cried out with a loud voice, and said, Blessed art thou among women, and
blessed is the fruit of thy womb. And whence does this happen to me, that the
mother of my Lord should come to me?โ€ (Luk 1: 41-43)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book II , 8

in the Gospel according to Luke,
Gabriel says to Mary: โ€œAnd the angel, answering, said to her, The Holy Ghost
shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee.
Wherefore that holy thing which is born of thee shall be called the Son of God.โ€
(Luk 1: 35)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book II , 10

Also in the Gospel according to Luke: โ€œAnd the angel said unto her, Fear not, Mary. For thou hast found
favour before God. Behold, thou shall conceive, and shalt bring forth a son,
and shalt call His name Jesus. The same shall be great, and He shall be called
the Son of the Highest; and the Lord God shall give Him the throne of His
father David, and He shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever, and of His
kingdom there shall be no end.โ€ (Luk 1: 30-33)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book II , 11

Also according to Luke: โ€œLet
your loins be girt, and your lamps burning, and ye like to men that wait for
their master when he shall come from the wedding, that when he cometh and
knocketh, they may open unto him. Blessed are those servants whom their Lord,
when He cometh, shall find watching.โ€ (Luk 12: 35-37)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book II , 19

in the Gospel according to Luke:
โ€œSell your possessions, and give alms.โ€ (Luk 12: 33)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 1

ย in the Gospel according to Luke: โ€œWhen thou makest a dinner or a supper, call not thy
friends, nor brethren, nor neighbours, nor the rich; lest haply they also
invite thee again, and a recompense be made thee. But when thou makest a
banquet, call the poor, the weak, the blind, and lame: and thou shalt be
blessed; because they have not the means of rewarding thee: but thou I shalt be
recompensed in the resurrection of the I just.โ€ (Luk 14: 12-14)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 1

Of
this same thing, too, according to Luke: โ€œHe
that shall be least among you all, the same shall be great.โ€ (Luk 14: 11)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 5

according to Luke: โ€œLet your
loins be girded, and your lamps burning; and ye like unto men that wait for
their lord, when he cometh from the wedding; that, when he cometh and knocketh,
they may open to him. Blessed are those servants, whom their lord, when he
cometh, shall find watching.โ€ (Luk 12: 35-37)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 11

according to Luke: โ€œBlessed
shall ye be when men shall hate you, and shall separate you (from their company),
and shall drive you out, and shall speak evil of your name, as wicked, for the
Son of manโ€™s sake. Rejoice in that day, and exult; for, lo, your reward is
great in heaven.โ€ (Luk 6: 22, Luk 6: 23) Also in the same place: โ€œVerily I say
unto you, There is no man that leaveth house, or parents, or brethren, or wife,
or children, for the sake of the kingdom of God, and does not receive seven
times as much in this present time, but in the world to come life everlasting.โ€
(Luk 18: 29, Luk 18: 30)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 16

Also according to Luke: โ€œBut that
servant which knoweth his Lordโ€™s will, and obeyed not His will, shall be beaten
with many stripes.โ€ (Luk 12: 47)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 19

In the Gospel according to Luke:
โ€œJudge not, that ye be not judged: condemn not, that ye be not condemned.โ€ (Luk
6: 37)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 21

In the Gospel according to Luke:
โ€œAnd ye shall be hated of all men for my nameโ€™s sake.โ€ (Luk 21: 17)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 29

according to Luke: โ€œThe
children of this world beget, and are begotten. But they who have been
considered worthy of that world, and the resurrection from the dead, do not
marry, nor are married: for neither shall they begin to die: for they are equal
to the angels of God, since they are the children of the resurrection. But,
that the dead rise again, Moses intimates when he says in the bush, The Lord,
the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. He is not the
God of the dead, but of the living: for all live unto Him.โ€ (Luk 20: 34-38)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 32

In the Gospel according to Luke:
โ€œIf ye love those who love you, what thank have ye? For even sinners love those
who love them.โ€ (Luk 6: 32)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 49

Also in the Gospel according to Luke: โ€œWhich of you, having a servant ploughing, or a shepherd, says to him
when he cometh from the field, Pass forward and recline? But he says to him,
Make ready somewhat that I may sup, and gird thyself, and minister to me, until
I eat and drink; and afterwards thou shalt eat and drink? Does he thank that
servant because he has done what was commanded him? So also ye, when ye shall
have done that which is commanded you, say, We are unprofitable servants; we
have done what we had to do.โ€ (Luk 17: 7-10)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 51

ย Also in the Gospel according to Luke: โ€œThe kingdom of God is within you.โ€ (Luk 17: 21)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 52

Also according to Luke: โ€œNow
lettest Thou Thy servant depart in peace, O Lord, according to the word; for
mine eyes have seen Thy salvation.โ€ (Luk 2: 29, Luk 2: 30)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 58

in the Gospel according to Luke:
โ€œFor what does it profit a man to make a gain of the whole world, but that he
should lose himself?โ€ (Luk 9: 25)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 61

In the Gospel according to Luke:
โ€œTo whom much is forgiven, he loveth much; and to whom little is forgiven, the
same loveth little.โ€ (Luk 7: 47)

The
Treatises of Cyprian , Treatise XII. – Three Books of Testimonies Against the
Jews , Book III , 116

ย 

6-
ุงุจุงุก ุงุฎุฑูŠู†

ู†ูˆููˆุชูŠุงู†

For
they propose and put forward what is told in the Gospel
of Luke
, whence they strive to maintain not what is the truth, but only
what they want it to be: โ€œThe Holy Spirit shall come upon thee, and the power
of the Highest shah overshadow thee; therefore also the Holy Thing which is
born of thee shall be called the Son of God.โ€ (Luk 1: 35)

A
Treatise Concerning the Trinity , Chap. XXIV

ย 

ุบุฑูŠุบูˆุฑูŠูˆุณ
ุตุงู†ุน ุงู„ุนุฌุงุฆุจ

For Luke, in the inspired Gospel narratives, delivers a testimony not to Joseph only,
but also to Mary the mother of God, and gives this account with reference to
the very family and house of David: โ€œFor Joseph went up,โ€ says he, โ€œfrom
Galilee, unto a city of Judea which is called Bethlehem, to be taxed with Mary
his espoused wife, being great with child, because they were of the house and
family of David. And so it was, that while they were there, the days were
accomplished that she should be delivered; and she brought forth her son, the
first-born of the whole creation,26 and wrapped him in swaddling-clothes, and
laid him in a manger, because there was no room for them in the inn.โ€ (Luk 2: 4-7)

Gregory
Thaumaturgus , Part II. – Dubious or Spurious Writings , Four Homilies , The
First Homily On the Annunciation to the Holy Virgin Mary

ย 

ุฏูŠูˆู†ุณูŠูˆุณ

And Luke says: โ€œThey rested
the Sabbath-day, according to the commandment. Now, upon the first day of the
week, very early in the morning, they came unto the sepulchre, bringing the
spices which they had prepared; and they found the stone rolled away from the
sepulchre.โ€ (Luk 23: 56; Luk 24: 1, Luk 24: 2)

ANF
, Vol 6 , Dionysius , Extant Fragments , Part I , Chap. V , The Epistle to
Bishop Basilides , Canon I

ย 

ูƒู…ุง
ุงู† ุฏูŠูˆู†ุณูŠูˆุณ ูˆุถุน ุชูุณูŠุฑ ู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูˆุตู„ู†ุง ู…ู†ู‡ ุจุนุถ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุชุทูุงุช ู…ูˆุฌูˆุฏุฉ ุจุงู„ู…ุฑุฌุน ุงู„ุชุงู„ู‰

ANF
, Vol 6 , Dionysius , Extant Fragments , Part I ,The Gospel According to Luke

ย 

ูŠูˆู„ูŠูˆุณ
ุงูุฑูŠูƒุงู†ูˆุณ

ูŠุถุน
ุชูุณูŠุฑุง ู„ู†ุณุจ ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ูู‰ ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูˆูŠู†ุณุจู‡ ุงูƒุซุฑ ู…ู† ู…ุฑุฉ ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูˆู‚ุฏ ู‚ุงู…
ุจุฃูˆู„ ุฑุฏ ูู‰ ุงู„ุชุงุฑูŠุฎ ุนู„ู‰ ุดุจู‡ุงุช ู†ุณุจ ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุจูŠู† ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูˆุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ู…ุชู‰ ูˆุชูุณูŠุฑู‡
ู…ูˆุฌูˆุฏ ุจุชุงุฑูŠุฎ ูŠูˆุณุงุจูŠูˆุณ ูˆุงู„ู…ุฑุฌุน ุงู„ุชุงู„ู‰

Julius
Africanus , The Epistle to Aristides , Chap. III

ย 

ููŠูƒุชูˆุฑู†ูŠูˆุณ

But Luke said, โ€œThere was a
priest, by name Zachariah, of the course of Abia, and his wife was of the
daughters of Aaron: โ€ (Luk 1: 5)

Commentary
on the Apocalypse of the Blessed John , 4: 7-10

ย 

ู…ุฌู…ุน
ู„ุงูˆุฏูƒูŠุฉ

And
these are the books of the New Testament: Four Gospels,
according to Matthew, Mark,
Luke and John; The Acts of the Apostles; Seven Catholic
Epistles, to wit, one of James, two of Peter, three of John, one of Jude;
Fourteen Epistles of Paul, one to the Romans, two to the Corinthians, one to
the Galatians, one to the Ephesians, one to the Philippians, one to the
Colossians, two to the Thessalonians, one to the Hebrews, two to Timothy, one
to Titus, and one to Philemon
.

SYNOD
OF
LAODICEA, HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION & CANONS , CANON LX

ย 

ุฌูŠุฑูˆู…

ูŠุถุน
ุชูุตูŠู„ุง ูƒุงู…ู„ุง ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุงู„ุจุดูŠุฑ ูู‰ ูƒุชุงุจู‡ ู…ุดุงู‡ูŠุฑ ุงู„ุฑุฌุงู„

LUKE a physician of Antioch as his writings gas indicate was not
unskilled in the Greek language. An adherent of the apostle Paul, and companion
of all his journeying, he wrote a Gospel,

concerning which the same Paul says, “We send with him a brother whose
praise in the gospel is among all the churches”and to the Colossians
“Luke the beloved physician salutes you,” and to Timothy “Luke
only is with me.” He also wrote another excellent volume to which he
prefixed the title Acts of the Apostles, a history which extends to the second
year of Paul’s sojourn at Rome, that is to the fourth year of Nero, from which
we learn that the book was composed in that same city. Therefore the Acts of
Paul and Thecla and all the fable about the lion baptized by him we reckon
among the apocryphal writings, for how is it possible that the inseparable
companion of the apostle in his other affairs, alone should have been ignorant
of this thing. Moreover Tertullian who lived near those times, mentions a
certain presbyter in
Asia, an adherent of the apostle Paul, who was convicted
by John of having been the author of the book, and who, confessing that he did
this for love of Paul, resigned his office of presbyter. Some suppose that
whenever Paul in his epistle says “according to my gospel” he means
the book of Luke and that Luke not only was taught the gospel history by the
apostle Paul who was not with the Lord in the flesh, but also by other apostles.
This he too at the beginning of his work declares, saying “Even as they
delivered unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses and ministers of
the word.” So he wrote the gospel as he had heard it, but composed the
Acts of the apostles as he himself had seen. He was buried at
Constantinople
to which city, in the twentieth year of Constantius, his bones together with
the remains of Andrew the apostle were transferred

ย 

ู…ุดุงู‡ูŠุฑ
ุงู„ุฑุฌุงู„ , 7

7- ู‚ูˆุงุฆู… ู‚ุงู†ูˆู†ูŠุฉ ุงู„ุงุณูุงุฑ

1-)
ุงู„ูˆุซูŠู‚ุฉ ุงู„ู…ูˆุฑุงุชูˆุฑูŠุฉ (170 ู…)

ูˆ
ุชู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ูˆุซูŠู‚ุฉ ูู‰ ุจุฏุงูŠุชู‡ุง “ูˆู„ุฐุง ูˆุถุน (ูู‰ ุณุฑุฏู‡) ุงู„ุฃู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซ ุฐู„ูƒ ุชุจุนุง ู„ู„ูˆู‚ุง
ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูƒุงู† ุทุจูŠุจุง ู…ุนุฑูˆูุง ูˆุฃุฎุฐู‡ ุจูˆู„ุณ ู…ุนู‡ ุจุนุฏ ุตุนูˆุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ูƒูˆุงุญุฏ ู…ุชุญู…ุณ ู„ู„ู‚ุงู†ูˆู†
ุงู„ู…ูƒุชูˆุจ ุจุงุณู…ู‡ ุทุจู‚ุง ู„ู„ุฃูŠู…ุงู† ุงู„ุนุงู… “

ย 

2-
ู‚ุงุฆู…ุฉ ุงูˆุฑูŠุฌุงู†ูŠูˆุณ

ูƒู…ุง
ุฑูˆุงู‡ุง ูŠูˆุณุงุจูŠูˆุณ ุงู„ู‚ูŠุตุฑู‰ ูู‰ ุชุงุฑูŠุฎู‡ ูŠู‚ูˆู„:

And
thirdly, that according to Luke, the Gospel commended by Paul (cf. 2 Cor. Viii.
18) and composed for those who from the Gentiles [came to believe
]

ูˆ
ุซุงู„ุซุง , ุฐุงูƒ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู„ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุจุดุฑ ุจู‡ ุจูˆู„ุณ ูˆูƒูุชุจ ู„ู‡ุคู„ุงุก ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ู…ู† ุงู„ูˆุซู†ูŠุฉ ูˆุฌุงุฆูˆุง
ู„ู„ุฃูŠู…ุงู†

ย 

3-
ู‚ุงุฆู…ุฉ ู…ุฎุทูˆุทุฉ
Claromontanus

Matthew, 2600 lines

John, 2000 lines

Mark, 1600 lines

Luke, 2900 lines

ูุชุถุน
ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุฑุงุจุน ุงู„ุงุณูุงุฑ ูู‰ ุงู„ุนู‡ุฏ ุงู„ุฌุฏูŠุฏ ูˆุชู‚ูˆู„ ุงู†ู‡ ู…ูƒูˆู† ู…ู† 2900 ุณุทุฑ

ย 

4-
ู‚ุงุฆู…ุฉ ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณ ุงู„ุงูˆุฑุดุงู„ูŠู…ู‰

Then of the New
Testament there are four Gospels only

ููŠุนู„ู†
ุงู†ู‡ ู„ุฏูŠู†ุง ุงุฑุจุนุฉ ุงู†ุงุฌูŠู„ ูู‚ุท , ูˆุงู„ุจู‚ูŠุฉ ุฃูƒุฏ ุงู†ู‡ุง ูƒุชุจ ู…ุฒูˆุฑุฉ ู…ู†ุญูˆู„ุฉ , ูˆู‡ูˆ ุจู‡ุฐุง ูŠุซุจุช
ู†ูุณ ุงู„ุงูŠู…ุงู†

Catechetical Lectures,
iv. 36

ย 

5-
ู‚ุงุฆู…ุฉ
Cheltenham

ูˆู‡ู‰
ู‚ุงุฆู…ุฉ ู…ูˆุฌูˆุฏุฉ ูู‰ ู…ุฎุทูˆุทุฉ ู„ุงุชูŠู†ูŠุฉ ู…ู† ู†ูˆุน ุงู„ุญุฑูˆู ุงู„ูƒุจูŠุฑุฉ ู…ุญููˆุธุฉ ูู‰ ู…ูƒุชุจุฉ ุชูˆู…ุงุณ
ููŠู„ูŠุจ ุชู‚ูˆู„:

Four Gospels: Matthew,
2700 lines

Mark, 1700 lines

John, 1800 lines

Luke, 3300 lines

All the lines make
10,000 lines

ูุชุถุน
ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุฑุงุจุน ุงู„ุงุณูุงุฑ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุฏุณุฉ ูู‰ ุงู„ุนู‡ุฏ ุงู„ุฌุฏูŠุฏ

ย 

5-
ู‚ุงุฆู…ุฉ ุงุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ู‰

ูู‰
ุฑุณุงู„ุชู‡ ุงู„ูุตุญูŠุฉ ุฑู‚ู… 37 ูŠุฐูƒุฑ ู‚ุงุฆู…ุฉ ุงุณูุงุฑ ุงู„ุนู‡ุฏ ุงู„ุฌุฏูŠุฏ ููŠู‚ูˆู„:

These are, the four
Gospels, according to Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John

ู‡ุฐู‡
ู‡ู‰ ุงู„ุงุฑุจุนุฉ ุงู†ุงุฌูŠู„ ุชุจุนุง ู„ู…ุชู‰ , ู…ุฑู‚ุณ , ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูˆูŠูˆุญู†ุง

ย 

6-
ู‚ุงุฆู…ุฉ ู‚ูˆุงู†ูŠู† ุงู„ุงุจุงุก ุงู„ุฑุณู„

ู‚ุงู†ูˆู†
85 ูŠู‚ูˆู„:

ย And our sacred books, that is, of the New Testament,
are the four Gospels, of Matthew, Mark, Luke, John

“ูˆ
ูƒุชุจู†ุง ุงู„ู…ู‚ุฏุณุฉ ุงู„ุชู‰ ูู‰ ุงู„ุนู‡ุฏ ุงู„ุฌุฏูŠุฏ ู‡ู‰ ุงู„ุงู†ุงุฌูŠู„ ุงู„ุงุฑุจุนุฉ ู„ู…ุชู‰ ู…ุฑู‚ุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูˆูŠูˆุญู†ุง,,,”
ุซู… ุชูƒู…ู„ ุจุงู‚ูŠุฉ ุงู„ุงุณูุงุฑ

ย 

7-
ู‚ุงุฆู…ุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุบุฑูŠุบูˆุฑูŠูˆุณ ุงู„ู†ุฒูŠู†ุฒู‰

ูˆูŠุถุน
ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุบุฑูŠุบูˆุฑูŠูˆุณ ุชุตู†ูŠูุง ู„ู„ุฃุณูุงุฑ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุฏุณุฉ ุจุญุณุจ ุงู„ู…ูƒุชูˆุจ ู„ู‡ู… ููŠู‚ูˆู„:

Matthew
indeed wrote for the Hebrews the wonderful works of Christ

And
Mark for
Italy, Luke for Greece,

john,
the great preacher, for all, walking in heaven
.

“ุงู†
ู…ุชู‰ ูƒุชุจ ู„ู„ุนุจุฑุงู†ูŠูŠู† ุนู† ุงุนู…ุงู„ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุงู„ุนุฌูŠุจุฉ , ูˆูƒุชุจ ู…ุฑู‚ุณ ู„ุฑูˆู…ุง , ู„ูˆู‚ุง ูƒุชุจ
ู„ู„ูŠูˆู†ุงู†ูŠูŠู† , ูˆูŠูˆุญู†ุง ุงู„ู…ุจุดุฑ ุงู„ุนุธูŠู……”

ย 

8-
ู‚ุงุฆู…ุฉ ุงู…ููŠู„ูŠูˆุณ
Amphilochius Of
Iconium

Matthew,
then Mark, to whom, having added Luke As third, count John as fourth in time

ููŠุฐูƒุฑ
ุงู„ุงู†ุงุฌูŠู„ ูˆูŠู‚ูˆู„: “ู…ุชู‰ , ุซู… ู…ุฑู‚ุณ , ูˆู…ู† ุจุนุฏู‡ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุซุงู„ุซุง , ุซู… ูŠูˆุญู†ุง ูƒุงู„ุฑุงุจุน ูู‰
ุชูˆู‚ูŠุช ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจุฉ”

ย 

9-
ู‚ุงุฆู…ุฉ ู…ุฌู…ุน ู‚ุฑุทุงุฌ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซ

The
[books of the] New Testament: the Gospels, four books
;

ูˆูŠุตุฑุญ
ู‚ุงู†ูˆู† ุงู„ู…ุฌู…ุน ุงู„ุฑุงุจุน ูˆุงู„ุนุดุฑูˆู† ุจุฃู† ุงู„ุงู†ุงุฌูŠู„ ู‡ู‰ ุงุฑุจุนุฉ ูู‚ุท ูƒู…ุง ู†ุคู…ู† ุฌู…ูŠุนุง , ูˆู„ู… ูŠุฌุฏ
ุญุงุฌุฉ ู„ุฐูƒุฑ ุงู„ุงุณุงู…ู‰ ู†ุธุฑุง ู„ุฃู†ู‡ุง ู…ุฐูƒูˆุฑุฉ ูู‰ ุฌู…ูŠุน ู‚ูˆุงู†ูŠู† ุงู„ู…ุฌู…ุน

ูˆ ุจู‡ุฐุง ู†ูƒูˆู† ุงุซุจุชู†ุง ุจู†ุนู…ุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจู…ู„ุง ูŠุฏุน ู…ุฌุงู„ ู„ู„ุดูƒ ุฃู† ูƒุงุชุจ ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„
ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุงุญุฏ ุงู„ุณุจุนูŠู† ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ุงุฑุณู„ู‡ู… ุงู„ุฑุจ

ย 

ุงู„ู…ุฑุงุฌุน:

ุงู„ู…ุฑุงุฌุน ุงู„ุชู‰ ุงุณุชุฎุฏู…ุชู‡ุง ูู‰ ุงุนุฏุงุฏ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุจุญุซ ุจุญุณุจ ุชุฑุชูŠุจ ุงู„ู†ู‚ุงุท:

1-) ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ ุจุญุณุจ ู„ูˆู‚ุง , ุฏุฑุงุณุฉ ูˆุดุฑุญ ูˆุชูุณูŠุฑ , ุงู„ู‚ู…ุต ู…ุชู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณูƒูŠู† , ุต
20 โ€“ 28.

2-) College
Press NT Commentary , Intro To Luke

3-) Ante
Nicene Fathers , Philip Schaff

4-) B. M. Metzger, The Canon Of The
New Testament: Its Origin, Significance & Development, 1997, Clarendon
Press,
Oxford, pp. 209 โ€“ 225

ู…ู„ุงุญุธุฉ: ุงู†ุตุญ ุจู‚ุฑุงุกุฉ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุจุญุซ: ู…ู† ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุงู„ุงู†ุฌูŠู„ู‰ุŸ ู„ุฎุงุฏู… ุงู„ุฑุจ ู…ุงูŠูƒู„ ุณู„ุงู…ุฉ , ูู‡ูˆ ูŠุดุฑุญ
ุจุฃุณุชูุงุถุฉ ุณูŠุฑุฉ ูˆู‡ูˆูŠุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุงู„ุจุดูŠุฑ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู…ูˆู‚ุน ุงู„ุชุงู„ู‰:
https: //researches.awardspace.com

ุงู„ุญูˆุงุดู‰

(1) H. J.
Cadbury, The Style and Literary Method of Luke, Harvard Theological Studies, 6,
1920, pp. 36-39, cited by E. Ellis, op. cit., p. 2
.

(2) B. M.
Metzger, The Interpreter’s Bible, Vol. VII, p. 47
.

(3) ุฑุงุฌุน ูƒุชุงุจ: โ€œุดุฑุญ ุณูุฑ ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ุงู„ุฑุณู„โ€ ุงู„ู‚ู…ุต ู…ุชู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณูƒูŠู†ุŒ ุตูุญุฉ 35ูˆ49.

(4) M.
Wilcox, The Semitisms of Acts,
Oxford,
1965, pp. 180-184; F. F. Bruce., The Acts of the Apostles, 1951, pp. 18-21
.

(5) W.
Grundmann, Das Evangelium nach Lukas, Berlin, 1959, p. 23, cited by E. Ellis,
op. cit., p. 3
.

(6) A. H.
W. Meyer, op. cit., p. 225
.

(7) Norton,
Genuineness of the Gospels, cited in A. H. W. Meyer, op. cit., p. 225
.

(8) Irenaeus,
Haer. iii. 1.1; iii. 14. 1 f
.

(9) Credner,
I, p. 146 ff, cited by A. H. W. Meyer, op. cit., p. 220
.

(10) I.
H. Marshall, Luke: Historian & Theologian, p. 60 ff
.

(11) Irenaeus,
Haer., III, 1, 1; I, 27, 2; III, 14, 3 f; III, 10, 1
.

(12) Justin,
I Apol. 34; Try. 78, 88, 100, 103, 105, 106, quoted by Plummer, op. cit., p. XV
.

(13) E.
Ellis, op. cit., p. 55
.

(14) ุฑุงุฌุน ูƒุชุงุจ: โ€œุดุฑุญ ุณูุฑ ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ุงู„ุฑุณู„โ€ ุงู„ู‚ู…ุต ู…ุชู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณูƒูŠู†ุŒ ุตูุญุฉ 34.

(15) ุซุงูˆููŠู„ุณ: ู…ุนู†ุงู‡ุง: โ€œุงู„ู…ุญุจ ู„ู„ู‡โ€. ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ุฃูˆุฑูŠุฌุงู†ูˆุณ: ุฅู† ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุงุณู…
ู…ุฌุฑู‘ูŽุฏ ุชูˆุฑูŠุฉ ู„ูƒู„ ุฅู†ุณุงู† ู…ุญุจ ู„ู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ูู‡ูˆ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ุฃุญุจุงุก ูŠุณูˆุน! (
Origen, Hom. 1 in Luc)ุŒ ูˆุฌุฑู‰ ุฌูŠุฑูˆู… ู…ุฌุฑู‰ ุฃูˆุฑูŠุฌุงู†ูˆุณ ูˆู‚ุงู„ู‡ุง ู„ุงุชูŠู†ูŠุงู‹: amicus vel amotor Dei โ€œุญุจูŠุจ ุฃูˆ ู…ุญุจ ู„ู„ู‡โ€ ูˆุญุฐุง ุญุฐูˆู‡ู…ุง ุณู„ูุงู†ูˆุณ ููŠ
ุงู„ุฑุณุงู„ุฉ 18: 9 ูˆู‚ุงู„ ุฅู† ู‚. ู„ูˆู‚ุง ุตุฏู‘ูŽุฑ ูƒุชุงุจูŠู‡ ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ูˆุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„ ู„ู…ุญุจุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡
ad amorum Dei. ุนู„ู…ุงู‹ ุจุฃู† ุญูƒู‘ูŽุงู… ู…ุตุฑ ูƒุงู†ูˆุง ูŠูู„ู‚ู‘ูŽุจูˆู† ุจุงู„ุนุฒูŠุฒ

(16) E.
E. Ellis, op. cit., p. 55, F. F. Bruce., The Acts of the Apostles,1951, repr.
1984, pp. 10-14
.

(17) Godet
and Schaff cited in A. H. W. Meyer, op. cit., p. 226
.

(18) Ibid.

ุงุชุฑูƒ ุฑุฏ

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