ุจุฏุน ูˆู‡ุฑุทู‚ุงุช

ุชุฃู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุฅู†ุณุงู†

๏ปฟ

ุชุฃู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุฅู†ุณุงู†

ุชุฃู„ูŠู‡
ุงู„ุฅู†ุณุงู†

ูˆุชูุณูŠุฑ
ุนุจุงุฑุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุจุทุฑุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ “ุดุฑูƒุงุก ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ” (2 ุจุท 1: 4)

ุงู„ุฃู†ุจุง
ุจูŠุดูˆู‰

ย 

ู‚ุงู„
ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ: “ุฃู†ุง ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ู‚ูŠุงู…ุฉ ูˆุงู„ุญูŠุงุฉ” (ูŠูˆ11: 25)ุŒ ูู…ุง ู…ุนู†ู‰ ู‡ุฐู‡
ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุงุช ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉุŸ

ุฅู†
ุงู„ุญูŠุงุฉ ุงู„ุฃุจุฏูŠุฉ ู‡ู‰ ูู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญุ› ุงู„ุฎู„ุงุต ู…ู† ุงู„ุฎุทูŠุฉ ุงู„ุฃุตู„ูŠุฉุŒ ูˆุตู„ุจ ุงู„ุฅู†ุณุงู† ุงู„ุนุชูŠู‚ ู‡ูˆ
ูู‰ ุงู„ู…ุนู…ูˆุฏูŠุฉ ุงู„ุชู‰ ู†ุชุญุฏ ููŠู‡ุง ู…ุน ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุจุดุจู‡ ู…ูˆุชู‡ุŒ ู„ูƒู‰ ู†ุตูŠุฑ ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ุจู‚ูŠุงู…ุชู‡ (ุงู†ุธุฑ
ุฑูˆ6).

ู…ุบูุฑุฉ
ุงู„ุฎุทุงูŠุง ุงู„ูุนู„ูŠุฉ ู‡ูˆ ุจุฏู… ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ูู‰ ุณุฑ ุงู„ู…ุนู…ูˆุฏูŠุฉ ูˆู…ู† ุจุนุฏู‡ุง ูู‰ ุณุฑู‰ ุงู„ุชูˆุจุฉ ูˆุงู„ุชู†ุงูˆู„
(ุงู„
ุฅูุฎุงุฑุณุชูŠุง).

ูŠู‚ูˆู„
ุงู„ุฃุจ ุงู„ูƒุงู‡ู† ูู‰ ุงู„ู‚ุฏุงุณ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ู‰ ูู‰ ุงู„ุงุนุชุฑุงู ุงู„ุฃุฎูŠุฑ ุนู† ุฌุณุฏ ุงู„ุฑุจ ูˆุฏู…ู‡ {ูŠุนุทู‰ ุนู†ุง
ุฎู„ุงุตุงู‹ุŒ ูˆุบูุฑุงู†ุงู‹ ู„ู„ุฎุทุงูŠุงุŒ ูˆุญูŠุงุฉ ุฃุจุฏูŠุฉ ู„ู…ู† ูŠุชู†ุงูˆู„ ู…ู†ู‡}.

ุงู„ุชู†ุงูˆู„
ู…ู† ุฌุณุฏ ุงู„ุฑุจ ูˆุฏู…ู‡ ู‡ูˆ ุนุฑุจูˆู† ู„ู„ุญูŠุงุฉ ุงู„ุฃุจุฏูŠุฉุŒ ู†ุณุชุนุฏ ู„ู‡ ุจุงู„ุชูˆุจุฉ ูˆุงู„ุงุนุชุฑุงู ู„ุฃู†
ุงู„ู‚ุฏุณุงุช ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณูŠู†ุŒ ูˆุงู„ู‚ุฏุงุณุฉ “ุจุฏูˆู†ู‡ุง ู„ู† ูŠุฑู‰ ุฃุญุฏ ุงู„ุฑุจ” ูƒู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจ ูู‰
(ุนุจ12: 14).

ูู‰
ุงู„ู‚ุฏุงุณ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ู‰ ู†ู‚ูŠู… ุชุฐูƒุงุฑ ู…ูˆุช ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ูˆู‚ูŠุงู…ุชู‡ ูˆุตุนูˆุฏู‡ุŒ ูˆูƒุฐู„ูƒ ู†ุชุฐูƒุฑ ู…ุฌูŠุฆู‡
ุงู„ุซุงู†ู‰ ุงู„ุขุชู‰ ู…ู† ุงู„ุณู…ุงูˆุงุช ุงู„ู…ุฎูˆู ุงู„ู…ู…ู„ูˆุก ู…ุฌุฏุงู‹.

ุฅู†
ุงู„ุงุดุชุฑุงูƒ ู…ุน ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูู‰ ุงู„ุญูŠุงุฉ ุงู„ุฃุจุฏูŠุฉ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุนุทูŠุฉ ุงู„ุซู…ูŠู†ุฉ ูˆุงู„ุนุธู…ู‰ ุงู„ุชู‰ ุทู„ุจ ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ
ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ู…ู† ุฃุฌู„ู‡ุง ู‚ุจู„ ุตู„ุจู‡ ุญูŠู†ู…ุง ุฎุงุทุจ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุขุจ ู‚ุงุฆู„ุงู‹ ุจุดุฃู† ุชู„ุงู…ูŠุฐู‡ “ุฃูŠู‡ุง
ุงู„ุขุจ ุฃุฑูŠุฏ ุฃู† ู‡ุคู„ุงุก ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ุฃุนุทูŠุชู†ู‰ ูŠูƒูˆู†ูˆู† ู…ุนู‰ ุญูŠุซ ุฃูƒูˆู† ุฃู†ุง ู„ูŠู†ุธุฑูˆุง ู…ุฌุฏู‰ ุงู„ุฐู‰
ุฃุนุทูŠุชู†ู‰
ู„ุฃู†ูƒ ุฃุญุจุจุชู†ู‰ ู‚ุจู„ ุฅู†ุดุงุก ุงู„ุนุงู„ู…” (ูŠูˆ17: 24).

ุฅู†
ุงุดุชุฑุงูƒู†ุง ู…ุน ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูู‰ ุงู„ุฎู„ูˆุฏ ูˆูู‰ ุงู„ุญูŠุงุฉ ุงู„ุฃุจุฏูŠุฉ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุนุทูŠุฉ ุงู„ุชู‰ ู†ู†ุงู„ู‡ุง ูู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ
ูˆุจุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญุŒ ุจู‚ูˆุฉ ุฏู… ุตู„ูŠุจู‡ ุงู„ู…ุญูŠู‰ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู†ู‚ู„ู†ุง ู…ู† ุงู„ู…ูˆุช ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ุญูŠุงุฉ “ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ู‡ูƒุฐุง
ุฃุญุจ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุนุงู„ู…ุŒ ุญุชู‰ ุจุฐู„ ุงุจู†ู‡ ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏ ู„ูƒู‰ ู„ุง ูŠู‡ู„ูƒ ูƒู„ ู…ู† ูŠุคู…ู† ุจู‡ุŒ ุจู„ ุชูƒูˆู† ู„ู‡
ุงู„ุญูŠุงุฉ ุงู„ุฃุจุฏูŠุฉ
” (ูŠูˆ3: 16).

ูˆู‚ุฏ
ุดุฑุญ ู…ุนู„ู…ู†ุง ุจุทุฑุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ ุฅู† ุงุดุชุฑุงูƒู†ุง ูู‰ ุงู„ุญูŠุงุฉ ุงู„ุฃุจุฏูŠุฉ ูŠุณุชู„ุฒู… ุฃู† ู†ู‡ุฑุจ ู…ู† ุงู„ูุณุงุฏ
ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูู‰ ุงู„ุนุงู„ู… ุจุงู„ุดู‡ูˆุฉ ู…ู‚ุฏุฑูŠู† ู‚ูŠู…ุฉ ุงู„ุฎู„ุงุต ุงู„ุซู…ูŠู†ุŒ ูˆู…ุชู…ุณูƒูŠู† ุจุงู„ู…ูˆุงุนูŠุฏ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ
ูู‚ุงู„ “ุณู…ุนุงู† ุจุทุฑุณ ุนุจุฏ ูŠุณูˆุน ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ูˆุฑุณูˆู„ู‡ุŒ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ู†ุงู„ูˆุง ู…ุนู†ุง ุฅูŠู…ุงู†ุงู‹
ู…ุณุงูˆูŠุงู‹ ู„ู†ุงุŒ ุจุจุฑ ุฅู„ู‡ู†ุง ูˆุงู„ู…ุฎู„ู‘ุต ูŠุณูˆุน ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญุ› ู„ุชูƒุซุฑ ู„ูƒู… ุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉ ูˆุงู„ุณู„ุงู… ุจู…ุนุฑูุฉ
ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆูŠุณูˆุน ุฑุจู†ุง. ูƒู…ุง ุฃู† ู‚ุฏุฑุชู‡ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ ู‚ุฏ ูˆู‡ุจุช ู„ู†ุง ูƒู„ ู…ุง ู‡ูˆ ู„ู„ุญูŠุงุฉ ูˆุงู„ุชู‚ูˆู‰ุŒ ุจู…ุนุฑูุฉ
ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุฏุนุงู†ุง ุจุงู„ู…ุฌุฏ ูˆุงู„ูุถูŠู„ุฉุŒ ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ุจู‡ู…ุง ู‚ุฏ ูˆู‡ุจ ู„ู†ุง ุงู„ู…ูˆุงุนูŠุฏ ุงู„ุนูุธู…ู‰ุŒ ูˆุงู„ุซู…ูŠู†ุฉุŒ
ู„ูƒู‰ ุชุตูŠุฑูˆุง ุจู‡ุง ุดุฑูƒุงุก ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉุŒ ู‡ุงุฑุจูŠู† ู…ู† ุงู„ูุณุงุฏ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูู‰ ุงู„ุนุงู„ู… ุจุงู„ุดู‡ูˆุฉ

(2ุจุท1: 1-4).

ุฅู†
ู…ุนู„ู…ู†ุง ุจุทุฑุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ ูŠู‚ุตุฏ ุฃู† ุญูŠุงุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุฏุงุณุฉ ุถุฑูˆุฑูŠุฉ ู„ู†ู†ุงู„ ุงู„ูˆุนุฏ ุจู…ูŠุฑุงุซ ู…ู„ูƒูˆุช ุงู„ู„ู‡.
ูˆู‡ุฐุง ูŠู‚ุชุถู‰ ุงู„ู‡ุฑูˆุจ ู…ู† ุงู„ูุณุงุฏ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูู‰ ุงู„ุนุงู„ู… ุจุงู„ุดู‡ูˆุฉุŒ ูˆุงู„ุณู„ูˆูƒ ูู‰ ุญูŠุงุฉ ุงู„ู…ุฌุฏ
ูˆุงู„ูุถุงุฆู„ ุงู„ุฑูˆุญูŠุฉ.

ูˆู‚ุฏ
ุฃูƒู‘ุฏ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ ุจุทุฑุณ ู†ูุณู‡ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ู…ุนู†ู‰ ูู‰ ุฑุณุงู„ุชู‡ ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ู‰ ุจู‚ูˆู„ู‡ “ูุฃู„ู‚ูˆุง ุฑุฌุงุกูƒู…
ุจุงู„ุชู…ุงู… ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉ ุงู„ุชู‰ ูŠุคุชู‰ ุจู‡ุง ุฅู„ูŠูƒู… ุนู†ุฏ ุงุณุชุนู„ุงู† ูŠุณูˆุน ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ูƒุฃูˆู„ุงุฏ ุงู„ุทุงุนุฉ.
ู„ุง ุชุดุงูƒู„ูˆุง ุดู‡ูˆุงุชูƒู… ุงู„ุณุงุจู‚ุฉ ูู‰ ุฌู‡ุงู„ุชูƒู…ุŒ ุจู„ ู†ุธูŠุฑ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูˆุณ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุฏุนุงูƒู…ุŒ ูƒูˆู†ูˆุง ุฃู†ุชู…
ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ู‚ุฏูŠุณูŠู† ูู‰ ูƒู„ ุณูŠุฑุฉุŒ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ู…ูƒุชูˆุจ: ูƒูˆู†ูˆุง ู‚ุฏูŠุณูŠู† ู„ุฃู†ู‰ ุฃู†ุง ู‚ุฏูˆุณ” (1ุจุท1: 13-16).

ย 

ุงู„ุฎุฑูˆุฌ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู†ุต ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจู‰:

ู‡ุฐู‡
ุงู„ุนุจุงุฑุฉ ูˆุฑุฏุช ูู‰ ุงู„ู†ุต ุงู„ูŠูˆู†ุงู†ู‰ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูƒุชุจุช ุจู‡ ุฑุณุงู„ุฉ ุจุทุฑุณ ุงู„ุซุงู†ูŠุฉ ุฃุตู„ุงู‹ “ุซูŠุงุณ
ูƒูŠู†ูˆู†ู‰ ููŠุณูŠูˆุณ”
qeias koinwnoi fusews ูˆูู‰ ุงู„ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ
ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌู„ูŠุฒูŠุฉ:
partakers
of the divine nature (N.K.J)

ูˆูู‰ ุงู„ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ ุงู„ุนุฑุจูŠุฉ “ุดุฑูƒุงุก ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ”. ูˆู„ู… ูŠุฑุฏ ุฅุทู„ุงู‚ุงู‹ ูู‰ ุฃู‰
ู„ุบุฉ ุณูˆุงุก ุงู„ู„ุบุฉ ุงู„ุฃุตู„ูŠุฉ ุฃูˆ ุงู„ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ ุญุฑู “ูู‰” ูˆู‡ูˆ
en (ุฅู†) ุจุงู„ูŠูˆู†ุงู†ู‰ ูˆ in
ุจุงู„ุฅู†ุฌู„ูŠุฒู‰.

ูˆู„ูƒู†
ู„ู„ุฃุณู ูุฅู† ุงู„ุจุนุถ ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ุฏูƒุชูˆุฑ ุฌูˆุฑุฌ ุญุจูŠุจ ุจุจุงูˆู‰ ูˆุฑู‡ุจุงู† ุฏูŠุฑ ุฃุจู‰ ู…ู‚ุงุฑ ูŠุญุฑู‘ููˆู† ู‡ุฐู‡
ุงู„ุขูŠุฉ ุนู†ุฏ ุชุนุฑู‘ุถู‡ู… ู„ู‡ุงุŒ ูˆูŠู‚ูˆู„ูˆู† “ุดุฑูƒุงุก ูู‰ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ
ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ”.. ู‡ุฐุง ู„ู… ูŠู‚ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ ุจุทุฑุณ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ุง ูŠู…ูƒู† ุฅุทู„ุงู‚ุงู‹ ุฃู† ูŠุดุชุฑูƒ ุฃู‰ ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚
ูู‰ ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ุŒ ุฃูˆ ูู‰ ูƒูŠู†ูˆู†ุชู‡ุŒ ุฃูˆ ูู‰ ุฌูˆู‡ุฑู‡. ูˆู…ู† ูŠุฏู‘ุนู‰ ุฐู„ูƒ ูŠูƒูˆู† ู‚ุฏ ุฏุฎู„ ูู‰ ุฎุทุฃ
ู„ุงู‡ูˆุชู‰ ุฎุทูŠุฑ ุถุฏ ุงู„ุฅูŠู…ุงู† ุจุงู„ู„ู‡ุŒ ูˆุจุณู…ูˆ ุฌูˆู‡ุฑู‡ ูˆุทุจูŠุนุชู‡ ููˆู‚ ูƒู„ ุงู„ุฎู„ูŠู‚ุฉ. ูƒู…ุง ุฃู† ู‡ุฐุง
ุงู„ุฅุฏุนุงุก ู‡ูˆ ู„ูˆู† ู…ู† ุงู„ูƒุจุฑูŠุงุก ุณู‚ุท ููŠู‡ ุงู„ุดูŠุทุงู† ู…ู† ู‚ุจู„ ุญูŠู†ู…ุง ู‚ุงู„ “ุฃุตูŠุฑ ู…ุซู„
ุงู„ุนู„ู‰” (ุงุด 14: 14).. ุงู„ุฑุจ ูŠุญู…ูŠู†ุง ู…ู† ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ูƒุจุฑูŠุงุก ุงู„ู…ู‡ู„ูƒ.

ุฃู…ุง
ู‚ูˆู„ ู…ุนู„ู…ู†ุง ุจุทุฑุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ “ู„ูƒู‰ ุชุตูŠุฑูˆุง ุจู‡ุง ุดุฑูƒุงุก ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ” ูู‡ูˆ
ุจู…ู†ุชู‡ู‰ ุงู„ุจุณุงุทุฉ ูŠู‚ุตุฏ ุฃู† ู†ุดุชุฑูƒ ู…ุน ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูู‰ ู…ู„ูƒูˆุชู‡ ุงู„ุฃุจุฏู‰ ู…ู† ุฎู„ุงู„ ุงุดุชุฑุงูƒู†ุง ูู‰
ู‚ุฏุงุณุชู‡ ุญุณุจ ุงู„ูˆุตูŠุฉ “ูƒูˆู†ูˆุง ู‚ุฏูŠุณูŠู† ู„ุฃู†ู‰ ุฃู†ุง ู‚ุฏูˆุณ” ูˆุญุชู‰ ุงู„ุงุดุชุฑุงูƒ ูู‰ ู‚ุฏุงุณุฉ
ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู‡ูˆ ู…ุณุฃู„ุฉ ู†ุณุจูŠุฉุŒ ู„ูŠุณุช ู…ุทู„ู‚ุฉ. ููƒู…ุงู„ ุงู„ุฎู„ูŠู‚ุฉ ู‡ูˆ ูƒู…ุงู„ ู†ุณุจู‰ุŒ ุฃู…ุง ูƒู…ุงู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูู‡ูˆ
ูƒู…ุงู„ ู…ุทู„ู‚. ูˆู‚ุฏุงุณุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู‚ุฏุงุณุฉ ุทุจูŠุนูŠุฉ ุบูŠุฑ ู…ูƒุชุณุจุฉุŒ ุฃู…ุง ู‚ุฏุงุณุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณูŠู† ูู‡ู‰ ู‚ุฏุงุณุฉ
ู…ูƒุชุณุจุฉ.

ย 

ูˆู‚ุฏ
ูƒุชุจ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุจุงุณูŠู„ูŠูˆุณ ุงู„ูƒุจูŠุฑ ู…ุง ูŠู„ู‰:

“ู†ุญู†
ู†ู‚ูˆู„ ุฃู†ู†ุง ู†ุนุฑู ุนุธู…ุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ุŒ ูˆุณู„ุทุงู†ู‡ุŒ ูˆุญูƒู…ุชู‡ุŒ ูˆุตู„ุงุญู‡ุŒ ูˆุนู†ุงูŠุชู‡ ุจู†ุงุŒ ูˆุนุฏุงู„ุฉ ุญูƒู…ู‡ุŒ
ู„ูƒู† ู„ูŠุณ ุฌูˆู‡ุฑู‡ ุฐุงุชู‡… ุฅู† ุงู„ุทุงู‚ุงุช ุชุชู†ูˆุน ุฃู…ุง ุงู„ุฌูˆู‡ุฑ ูุจุณูŠุทุŒ ู„ูƒู†ู†ุง ู†ู‚ูˆู„ ุฃู†ู†ุง ู†ุนุฑู
ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู…ู† ุทุงู‚ุงุชู‡ุŒ ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู†ู†ุง ู„ุง ู†ุดุฑุน ูู‰ ุงู„ุงู‚ุชุฑุงุจ ู…ู† ุฌูˆู‡ุฑู‡… ุฅู† ุทุงู‚ุงุชู‡ ุชุฃุชู‰ ุฅู„ูŠู†ุง
ู…ู† ููˆู‚ ุฃู…ุง ุฌูˆู‡ุฑู‡ ููŠุธู„ ุจุนูŠุฏุงู‹ ุนู† ู…ู†ุงู„ู†ุง.. ุฅุฐู† ู…ุนุฑูุฉ ุงู„ุฌูˆู‡ุฑ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ู‰ ุชุชุถู…ู† ุฅุฏุฑุงูƒ
ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ุง ูŠุณุจุฑ ุบูˆุฑู‡ุŒ ูˆู…ูˆุถูˆุน ุนุจุงุฏุชู†ุง ู„ูŠุณ ู‡ูˆ ุฃู† ู†ูู‡ู… ุงู„ุฌูˆู‡ุฑ ู„ูƒู† ุฃู† ู†ูู‡ู… ุฃู† ู‡ุฐุง
ุงู„ุฌูˆู‡ุฑ ูƒุงุฆู† (ู…ูˆุฌูˆุฏ).” (ุงู„ุฑุณุงู„ุฉ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃู…ููŠู„ูˆุฎูŠูˆุณ ุงู„ูู‚ุฑุฉ 1 ูˆ2 ู…ุฌู…ูˆุนุฉ ุขุจุงุก ู…ุง
ุจุนุฏ ู†ูŠู‚ูŠุฉ ุงู„ู…ุฌู„ุฏ ุงู„ุซุงู…ู†).

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌู„ูŠุฒู‰:

โ€œWe say that we know the
greatness of God, His power, His wisdom, His goodness, His providence over us,
and the justness of His judgment, but not His very essenceโ€ฆ The energies are
diversified, and the essence simple, but we say that we know our God from His
energies, but do not undertake to approach near to His essence. His energies
come down to us, but His essence remains beyond our reachโ€ฆ So knowledge of the
divine essence involves perception of His incomprehensibility, and the object
of our worship is not that of which we comprehend the essence, but of which we
comprehend that the essence exists.โ€ [Letter 234, to Amphilochius par.
1,2 N.&P.N. Fathers, 2nd series, Vol. VIII p. 274.]

ย 

ุฅู†
ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ ุจุทุฑุณ ูŠุชูƒู„ู… ุนู† ุงู„ุงุดุชุฑุงูƒ ูู‰ ุงู„ุญูŠุงุฉ ุงู„ุฃ
ุจุฏูŠุฉ ู…ุซู„
ู…ูŠุฑุงุซ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณูŠู† ูู‰ ุงู„ุญูŠุงุฉ ุงู„ุฃุจุฏูŠุฉ. ูู‚ุงู„ “ุจู…ุนุฑูุฉ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุฏุนุงู†ุง ุจุงู„ู…ุฌุฏ
ูˆุงู„ูุถูŠู„ุฉุŒ ุงู„ู„ุฐูŠู† ุจู‡ู…ุง ู‚ุฏ ูˆู‡ุจ ู„ู†ุง ุงู„ู…ูˆุงุนูŠุฏ ุงู„ุนุธู…ู‰ ูˆุงู„ุซู…ูŠู†ุฉุŒ ู„ูƒู‰ ุชุตูŠุฑูˆุง ุจู‡ุง ุดุฑูƒุงุก
ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉุŒ ู‡ุงุฑุจูŠู† ู…ู† ุงู„ูุณุงุฏ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูู‰ ุงู„ุนุงู„ู… ุจุงู„ุดู‡ูˆุฉ” (2ุจุท1: 1-4).

ุฅู†ู†ุง
ู†ุดุชุฑูƒ ู…ุน ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูู‰ ุงู„ุนู…ู„ ู…ุซู„ู…ุง ู‚ุงู„ ู…ุนู„ู…ู†ุง ุจูˆู„ุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ ุนู† ู†ูุณู‡ ูˆุนู† ุฃุจู„ูˆุณ “ู†ุญู†
ุนุงู…ู„ุงู† ู…ุน ุงู„ู„ู‡” (1ูƒูˆ3: 9) ู†ุดุชุฑูƒ ู…ุน ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูู‰ ุงู„ุญูŠุงุฉ ุงู„ุฑูˆุญูŠุฉ ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ุจุฑูƒุฉ
ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ูŠุฉ ุงู„ุชู‰ ูŠูู‚ุงู„ ููŠู‡ุง {ุดุฑูƒุฉ ูˆู…ูˆู‡ุจุฉ ูˆุนุทูŠุฉ ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ุงู„ู‚ุฏุณ ุชูƒูˆู† ู…ุน ุฌู…ูŠุนูƒู…}.

“ุดุฑูƒุงุก
ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ” ูู‰ ุงู„ุนู…ู„ุŒ ูู‰ ุงู„ุฅุฑุงุฏุฉุŒ ูู‰ ุงู„ุฎู„ูˆุฏุŒ ูู‰ ุงู„ู‚ุฏุงุณุฉุŒ ูู‰ ุงู„ู…ู„ูƒูˆุชุŒ
ูู‰ ุงู„ุณุนุงุฏุฉ ุงู„ุฃุจุฏูŠุฉุŒ ูู‰ ุงู„ุญุจ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู‚ุงู„ ุนู†ู‡ ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ู„ู„ุขุจ “ุฃูŠู‡ุง ุงู„ุขุจ
ุงู„ุจุงุฑ ุฅู† ุงู„ุนุงู„ู… ู„ู… ูŠุนุฑููƒุŒ ุฃู…ุง ุฃู†ุง ูุนุฑูุชูƒ. ูˆู‡ุคู„ุงุก ู‚ุฏ ุนุฑููˆุง ุฃู†ูƒ ุฃู†ุช ุฃุฑุณู„ุชู†ู‰. ูˆู‚ุฏ
ุนุฑูุชู‡ู… ุงุณู…ูƒ ูˆุณุฃุนุฑูู‡ู… ู„ูŠูƒูˆู† ููŠู‡ู… ุงู„ุญุจ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุฃุญุจุจุชู†ู‰ ุจู‡ ูˆุฃูƒูˆู† ุฃู†ุง ููŠู‡ู…
(ูŠูˆ17: 26).

ุฅู†
ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ู„ู„ุขุจ ุฅู† ุงู„ุญุจ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุจูŠู†ู‡ู…ุงุ› ู…ู† ุงู„ู…ู…ูƒู† ุฃู† ูŠูƒูˆู† ูู‰ ุงู„ุชู„ุงู…ูŠุฐ.
ูˆุงู„ู…ู‚ุตูˆุฏ ู†ูˆุน ุงู„ุญุจ ูˆู„ูŠุณ ู…ู‚ุฏุงุฑู‡. ู„ุฃู† ุงู„ุขุจ ุบูŠุฑ ู…ุญุฏูˆุฏ ูˆุงู„ุงุจู† ุบูŠุฑ ู…ุญุฏูˆุฏุŒ
ูุงู„ุญุจ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุจูŠู†ู‡ู…ุง ุบูŠุฑ ู…ุญุฏูˆุฏ. ุฃู…ุง ู†ุญู† ูู…ุญุฏูˆุฏูŠู†ุŒ ูˆู†ู†ุงู„ ู…ู† ุงู„ุญุจ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ู‰ ุนู„ู‰ ู‚ุฏุฑ
ุงุณุชุทุงุนุชู†ุง. ูˆุจู‡ุฐุง ุชูˆุฌุฏ ุดุฑูƒุฉ ุงู„ู…ุญุจุฉ ุจูŠู†ู†ุง ูˆุจูŠู† ุงู„ู„ู‡. ูˆู†ุตูŠุฑ ุดุฑูƒุงุก ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ..
ูˆู„ูƒู† ู„ูŠุณ ุดุฑูƒุงุก ูู‰ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ ูƒู…ุง ูŠุชุฌุงุณุฑ ุงู„ุจุนุถ ูˆูŠู‚ูˆู„ูˆู†.

ย 

Uย ย ย ย 
ูˆู†ู‚ุฏู… ุจุนุถ ุฃู‚ูˆุงู„ ุงู„ุขุจุงุก ุงู„ุชู‰ ุชุฏู„ ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู†ู†ุง ู„ุง
ู†ุชุฃู„ู‡ ุจุงู„ู…ุนู†ู‰ ุงู„ุญุฑูู‰ ู„ู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ููู‰ ุงู„ูู‚ุฑุฉ ุฑู‚ู… (12) ู…ู† ุงู„ุฑุณุงู„ุฉ ุฑู‚ู… (50) ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ
ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณ ุงู„ูƒุจูŠุฑ
ูˆู‚ุฏ ุฃุฑุณู„ู‡ุง ุฅู„ู‰ ูุงู„ุฑูŠุงู† ุฃุณู‚ู ุฃูŠู‚ูˆู†ูŠุฉ.

ูˆู‡ูˆ
ูู‰ ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ูู‚ุฑุฉ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฌุงู†ุจ ุฃู†ู‡ ูŠุดุฑุญ ููƒุฑุฉ ู…ูˆุช ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูƒุงู† ู…ุณุงูˆูŠุงู‹ ู„ู…ูˆุช
ุงู„ุฌู…ูŠุน ุฃู‰ ุฌู…ูŠุน ู…ู† ุงูุชุฏุงู‡ู…. ูˆู„ูƒู†ู‡ ู…ู† ุฌุงู†ุจ ุขุฎุฑ ู‚ุฏ ุฃูˆุถุญ ุฃู† ุชุฌุณุฏ ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ูˆุตูŠุฑูˆุฑุชู‡
ุฅู†ุณุงู†ุงู‹ ู„ู… ูŠู†ุชุฌ ุนู†ู‡ ุฅู„ุบุงุก ุงู„ูุงุฑู‚ ุจูŠู† ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุงู„ู…ุชุฌุณุฏ ูˆุงู„ุจุดุฑ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ุจู‡ ุญุชู‰
ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณูŠู† ู…ู†ู‡ู…. ูู‡ูˆ ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ุนู† ู…ูˆุช ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุฃู†ู‡ “ู„ูŠุณ ู…ูˆุช ุฅู†ุณุงู† ู…ุซู„ู†ุง”
ูˆุฐู„ูƒ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ “ู‡ูˆ ูˆุญุฏู‡”..” ุฅู„ู‡ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ” ูˆุฐู„ูƒ ุญุชู‰ ุจุงู„ุฑุบู… ู…ู† ุฃู†ู‡
ุตุงุฑ ู…ุซู„ู†ุง ู…ู† ุญูŠุซ ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ุฏ ุชุฃู†ุณ.

ูู…ู† ูŠุณุชุทูŠุน ุฃู† ูŠุฏู‘ุนู‰ ุงู„ุฃู„ูˆู‡ุฉ ูู‰ ุถูˆุก ูƒู„ุงู… ู…ุซู„
ูƒู„ุงู… ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู†ูˆุฑุฏู‡ ุจู†ุตู‡ ุจุงู„ู„ุบุชูŠู† ุงู„ุนุฑุจูŠุฉ ูˆุงู„ุฅู†ุฌู„ูŠุฒูŠุฉ ู„ุฆู„ุง ูŠุนุชุฑุถ
ุฃุญุฏ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ ูˆู„ุง ู…ุงู†ุน ู„ุฏูŠู†ุง ู…ู† ูˆุถุน ุงู„ู†ุต ุจุงู„ู„ุบุฉ ุงู„ูŠูˆู†ุงู†ูŠุฉ ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ุ› ู„ุฃู†ู‡ู…
ูŠุชู…ุงุญูƒูˆู† ุจุงู„ูƒู„ุงู… ู†ุงุณูŠู† ุฃู† ุงู„ุฎุทูŠุฉ ุงู„ุชู‰ ุฃุณู‚ุทุช ุขุฏู… ูˆุญูˆุงุก ู‡ู‰ ุฃู†ู‡ู…ุง ุฃุฑุงุฏุง ุฃู† ูŠุตูŠุฑุง
ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูู‰ ุงู„ู…ุนุฑูุฉ. ูˆุงู„ุชู‰ ุฃุณู‚ุทุช ุฅุจู„ูŠุณ ู†ูุณู‡ ู‡ูˆ ุฃู†ู‡ ุฃุฑุงุฏ ุฃู† ูŠุตูŠุฑ ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ุนู„ู‰
ู‚ุงุฆู„ุงู‹ “
ุฃูŽุตู’ุนูŽุฏู ุฅูู„ูŽู‰ ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ูŽุงูˆูŽุงุชู. ุฃูŽุฑู’ููŽุนู ูƒูุฑู’ุณููŠู‘ููŠ ููŽูˆู’ู‚ูŽ ูƒูŽูˆูŽุงูƒูุจู
ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุฃูŽุฌู’ู„ูุณู ุนูŽู„ูŽู‰ ุฌูŽุจูŽู„ู ุงู„ุงูุฌู’ุชูู…ูŽุงุนู ูููŠ ุฃูŽู‚ูŽุงุตููŠ ุงู„ุดู‘ูู…ูŽุงู„ู. ุฃูŽุตู’ุนูŽุฏู
ููŽูˆู’ู‚ูŽ ู…ูุฑู’ุชูŽููŽุนูŽุงุชู ุงู„ุณู‘ูŽุญูŽุงุจู. ุฃูŽุตููŠุฑู ู…ูุซู’ู„ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽู„ููŠู‘ู
” (ุงุด
14: 13-14). ู†ุญู† ู‚ุฏ ุฎู„ู‚ู†ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุตูˆุฑุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆู…ุซุงู„ู‡ ุจู…ุนู†ู‰ ู…ุญุฏูˆุฏ ูŠูู‡ู…ู‡ ุงู„ู…ุชูˆุงุถุนูˆู† ูู‚ุท.

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุนุฑุจู‰:

ู„ุฐู„ูƒุŒ
ุณูŠู‚ูˆุฏู‡ู… ู…ุธู‡ุฑ ุงู„ุชู‚ูˆู‰ (ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูŠุชุธุงู‡ุฑูˆู† ุจู‡) ุจุนูŠุฏุงู‹ ุนู† ุงู„ุญู‚ุŒ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ู… ู„ู… ูŠูู‡ู…ูˆุง ุฃู† ุนุฏู…
ุงู„ู‚ุงุจู„ูŠุฉ ู„ู„ุฃู„ู…
Impassiblity ู‚ุฏ ุญููุธุช ู„ุฃู† ู„ู‡ ูˆุฌูˆุฏู‡ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ู‰ ูˆู„ุฃู†ู‡ ุฅู„ู‡ุŒ ู„ูƒู† ุงู„ุชุฃู„ู… ู…ู† ุฃุฌู„ู†ุง
ุจุญุณุจ ุงู„ุฌุณุฏ ูŠูู†ุณุจ ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ – ุฅุฐ ู‡ูˆ ุฅู„ู‡ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ – ุตุงุฑ ุฌุณุฏุงู‹ุŒ ุฃู‰ ุตุงุฑ
ุฅู†ุณุงู†ุงู‹ ูƒุงู…ู„ุงู‹.

ู„ุฃู†ู‡
ู…ู† ู‡ูˆ ุฐุงูƒ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู‚ุงู„ ู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุขุจ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูู‰ ุงู„ุณู…ูˆุงุช: “ุฐุจูŠุญุฉ ูˆู‚ุฑุจุงู†ุงู‹ ู„ู… ุชุฑุฏ ูˆู„ูƒู†
ู‡ูŠุฃุช ู„ู‰ ุฌุณุฏุงู‹ (ุจู…ุญุฑู‚ุงุช ูˆุฐุจุงุฆุญ ู„ู„ุฎุทูŠุฉ ู„ู… ุชูุณุฑ) ุซู… ู‚ู„ุช ู‡ุฃู†ุฐุง … ุฃุฌุฆ ู„ุฃูุนู„ ู…ุดูŠุฆุชูƒ
ูŠุง ุงู„ู„ู‡” (ู‚ุงุฑู† ุนุจ 10: 5 -7 + ู…ุฒ 40: 7-9) ู„ุฃู† ุฐุงูƒ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูƒุงู† ุจุฏูˆู† ุฌุณุฏ ูƒุฅู„ู‡ุŒ
ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ุฅู† ุงู„ุฌุณุฏ ู‡ููŠุฆ ู„ู‡ ูƒู‰ ูŠุณุชุทูŠุน – ุนู†ุฏู…ุง ูŠุจุฐู„ู‡ ู„ุฃุฌู„ู†ุง – ุฃู† ูŠุดููŠู†ุง ุฌู…ูŠุนุงู‹ ”
ุจุญุจุฑู‡ (ุจุฌู„ุฏุงุชู‡) ” (ุฃุด 53: 5) ุจุญุณุจ ู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ู†ุจู‰ุŒ ู„ูƒู† ูƒูŠู ูŠูƒูˆู† “ูˆุงุญุฏ ู‚ุฏ
ู…ุงุช ู„ุฃุฌู„ ุงู„ุฌู…ูŠุน” (2ูƒูˆ 5: 14)ุŒ ูˆุงุญุฏ ู…ุณุงูˆ ู„ู„ุฌู…ูŠุน ูƒู„ู‡ู…ุŒ ุฅุฐุง ุฅุนุชุจุฑู†ุง ุจุจุณุงุทุฉ ุฃู†
ุงู„ุฃู„ู… ุฎุงุต ุจุฅู†ุณุงู† ู…ุงุŸ ูˆุฅุฐ ุชุฃู„ู… ุจุญุณุจ ุทุจูŠุนุชู‡ ุงู„ู†ุงุณูˆุชูŠุฉุŒ ู„ุฅู†ู‡ ุฌุนู„ ุขู„ุงู… ุฌุณุฏู‡ ุขู„ุงู…ู‡
ู‡ูˆุŒ ู„ุฐุง ู†ู‚ูˆู„ุŒ ูˆุจุตูˆุงุจ ุชุงู…ุŒ ุฃู† ู…ูˆุชู‡ ู‡ูˆ ูˆุญุฏู‡ุŒ ุจุญุณุจ ุงู„ุฌุณุฏุŒ ูŠูุนุฏ ู…ูุณุงูˆูŠุงู‹
ู„ุญูŠุงุฉ ุงู„ุฌู…ูŠุนุŒ ูู‡ูˆ ู„ูŠุณ ู…ูˆุช ุฅู†ุณุงู† ู…ุซู„ู†ุงุŒ ุญุชู‰ ุจุงู„ุฑุบู… ู…ู† ุฃู†ู‡ ุตุงุฑ ู…ุซู„ู†ุงุŒ ุจู„
ู†ู‚ูˆู„ ุฃู†ู‡ – ู„ูƒูˆู†ู‡ ุฅู„ู‡ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ -ุชุฌุณุฏ ูˆุชุฃู†ุณ ุจุญุณุจ ุฅุนุชุฑุงู ุงู„ุขุจุงุก.

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌู„ูŠุฒู‰:

Therefore,
an appearance of piety leads them away from the truth, because they do not
perceive that his impassibility has been preserved insofar as he has divine
existence and is God, but the suffering for us according to his flesh is also
attributed to him insofar as, being God by nature, he became flesh, that is a
complete man. For who was he who said to God the Father in heaven, โ€œSacrifice
and oblation you would not, but a body you have fitted to me. [In holocausts
and sin-offerings you have had no pleasure. Then said I, ‘Behold, I come to
do your will, O God
.’
(Heb 10: 5-7) For he who as God was without a body says
that the body was fitted to him so that, when he offered this for us, he might
cure us all โ€œby his stripesโ€ (Is 53.5) according to the saying of the
prophet. But how is it that โ€œone died for all,โ€ (2 Cor 5.14) one who is
worth all others, if the suffering is considered simply that of some man? If he
suffered according to his human nature, since he made the sufferings of his
body his own, then, indeed, we say, and very rightly, that the death of him
alone according to the flesh is known to be worth the life of all, not the
death of one who is as we are, even though he became like unto us, but we say
that he, being God by nature, became flesh and was made man according to the
confession of the Fathers.”
[1]

ย 

Uย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย ย 
ุฃู…ุง ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุฃุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ู‰ ููู‰ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุงู„
ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ ุถุฏ ุงู„ุฃุฑูŠูˆุณูŠูŠู† ูƒุชุจ ู…ุง ูŠู„ู‰:

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุนุฑุจู‰:

39-
“โ€ฆูู„ูˆ ุฃู†ู‡ ุญูŠู†ู…ุง ุตุงุฑ ุฅู†ุณุงู†ุงู‹ ุญูŠู†ุฆุฐ ูู‚ุท ุฏุนู‰ ุงุจู† ูˆุฅู„ู‡ุŒ ูˆู„ูƒู† ู‚ุจู„ ุฃู† ูŠุตูŠุฑ ู‡ูˆ
ุฅู†ุณุงู†ุงู‹ ุฏุนุง ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ุงู„ู‚ุฏู…ุงุก ุฃุจู†ุงุก ูˆุฌุนู„ ู…ูˆุณู‰ ุฅู„ู‡ุงู‹ ู„ูุฑุนูˆู† (ูˆุงู„ุฃุณูุงุฑ ุชู‚ูˆู„ ุนู†
ูƒุซูŠุฑูŠู† “ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู‚ุงุฆู… ูู‰ ู…ุฌู…ุน ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูู‰ ูˆุณุท ุงู„ุขู„ู‡ุฉ” ู…ุฒ 82: 1)ุŒ ูู…ู† ุงู„ูˆุงุถุญ
ุฃู†ู‡ ุฏุนู‰ ุฅุจู† ูˆุฅู„ู‡ ุจุนุฏู‡ู…. ููƒูŠู ูŠูƒูˆู† ูƒู„ ุดุฆ ู…ู† ุฎู„ุงู„ู‡ ูˆู‡ูˆ ู‚ุจู„ ุงู„ูƒู„ุŸ ุฃูˆ ูƒูŠู ูŠูƒูˆู† ู‡ูˆ
“ุงู„ู…ูˆู„ูˆุฏ ู‚ุจู„ ูƒู„ ุฎู„ูŠู‚ุฉ” (ูƒูˆ 1: 15)ุŒ ุฅู† ูƒุงู† ู‡ู†ุงูƒ ุขุฎุฑูˆู† ู‚ุจู„ู‡ ูŠุฏุนูˆู† ุฃุจู†ุงุก
ูˆุขู„ู‡ุฉ. ูˆูƒูŠู ุฃู† ู‡ุคู„ุงุก ุงู„ุดุฑูƒุงุก ุงู„ุฃูˆู„ูŠู† ู„ุง ูŠุดุงุฑูƒูˆู† “ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ”ุŸ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุฑุฃู‰
ุบูŠุฑ ุตุญูŠุญุ› ูˆู‡ูˆ ุญูŠู„ุฉ ู„ู„ู…ู‡ูˆุฏูŠู† ุงู„ุญุงู„ูŠูŠู†. ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ูƒูŠู ูŠู‚ุฏุฑ ุฃุญุฏ ูู‰ ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ุญุงู„ุฉ ุฃู† ูŠุนุฑู
ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูƒุขุจ ู„ู‡ุŸ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ุง ูŠู…ูƒู† ุฃู† ูŠูƒูˆู† ู‡ู†ุงูƒ ุชุจู†ู‰ ุจุฏูˆู† ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ุŒ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู‚ุงู„
“ู„ุง ุฃุญุฏ ูŠุนุฑู ุงู„ุขุจ ุฅู„ุง ุงู„ุงุจู† ูˆู…ู† ุฃุฑุงุฏ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุฃู† ูŠุนู„ู† ู„ู‡”. ูˆูƒูŠู ูŠูƒูˆู†
ู‡ู†ุงูƒ ุชุฃู„ู‡ ุจุฏูˆู† ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ูˆู‚ุจู„ู‡ุŸ ูˆู„ูƒู†ุŒ ู‡ูˆ ู‚ุงู„ ู„ุฅุฎูˆุชู‡ู… ุงู„ูŠู‡ูˆุฏ “ู‚ุงู„ ุขู„ู‡ุฉ ู„ุฃูˆู„ุฆูƒ
ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ุตุงุฑุช ุฅู„ูŠู‡ู… ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡” (ูŠูˆ 10: 35). ูˆุฅู† ูƒุงู† ูƒู„ ู…ุง ุฏุนูˆุง ุฃุจู†ุงุก ูˆุขู„ู‡ุฉ
ุฅู…ุง ูู‰ ุงู„ุณู…ุงุก ุฃูˆ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฃุฑุถุŒ ุชู… ู„ู‡ู… ุงู„ุชุจู†ู‰ ูˆุงู„ุชุฃู„ู‡ ู…ู† ุฎู„ุงู„ ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉุŒ ูˆุงู„ุงุจู† ู†ูุณู‡
ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉุŒ ูู…ู† ุงู„ูˆุงุถุญ ุฃู†ู‡ ู…ู† ุฎู„ุงู„ู‡ ู‡ู… ุฌู…ูŠุนู‡ู…ุŒ ูˆู‡ูˆ ู†ูุณู‡ ู‚ุจู„ ุงู„ูƒู„ุŒ ุฃูˆ ุจุงู„ุฃุญุฑู‰ ู‡ูˆ
ู†ูุณู‡ ูˆุญุฏู‡ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ุŒ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏ ุฅู„ู‡ ุญู‚ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ ุงู„ุญู‚
ุŒ ูˆู„ู… ูŠู†ู„ ู‡ุฐู‡
ูƒู…ูƒุงูุฃุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ุจุฑู‡ ูˆู„ุง ู„ูƒูˆู†ู‡ ุขุฎุฑ ู…ุนู‡ู…ุŒ ูˆู„ูƒู† ุจุณุจุจ ุฃู†ู‡ ูƒู„ ู‡ุฐู‡ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆูˆูู‚ุงู‹
ู„ู„ุฌูˆู‡ุฑ
.”

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌู„ูŠุฒู‰:

“39- โ€ฆ Since, if when He
became man, only then He was called Son and God, but before He became man, God
called the ancient people sons, and made Moses a god of Pharaoh (and Scripture
says of many, ‘God standeth in the congregation of Gods’ Ps 82: 1), it is plain
that He is called Son and God later than they. How then are all things through
Him, and He before all? or how is He ‘first-born of the whole creation,’ (
Col 1: 15) if He has
others before Him who are called sons and gods? And how is it that those first
partakers do not partake of the Word? This opinion is not true; it is a device
of our present Judaizers. For how in that case can any at all know God as their
Father? For adoption there could not be apart from the real Son, who says, ‘No
one knoweth the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal
Him.’ And how can there be deifying apart from the Word and before Him? Yet,
saith He to their brethren the Jews, ‘If He called them gods, unto whom the
Word of God came.’ (Jn 10: 34) And if all that are called sons and gods,
whether in earth or in heaven, were adopted and deified through the Word, and
the Son Himself is the Word, it is plain that through Him are they all, and He
Himself before all, or rather He Himself only is very Son, and He alone is
very God from the very God
, not receiving these prerogatives as a reward
for His virtue, nor being another beside them, but being all these by nature
and according to essence
.”[2]

ย 

ูุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ
ุฃุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ ู‡ู†ุง ูŠุคูƒุฏ ุฃู† ุงู„ุงุจู† ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูŠุฏุนู‰ ุงุจู† ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ ูˆู‡ูˆ ูˆุญุฏู‡ ุฅู„ู‡ ุญู‚ ู…ู†
ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ ุงู„ุญู‚ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆุจุญุณุจ ุงู„ุฌูˆู‡ุฑุŒ ุฃู…ุง ุงู„ุฎู„ุงุฆู‚ ูุญุชู‰ ูˆุฅู† ุฏุนูˆุง ุจู†ูŠู† ุฃูˆ ุขู„ู‡ุฉ ูุฅู†
ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุชุจู†ู‰ ู‡ูˆ ูู‚ุท ู…ู† ุฎู„ุงู„ ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉุŒ ูุจู†ูˆุฉ ุงู„ุฎู„ุงุฆู‚ ู„ูŠุณุช ุจู†ูˆุฉ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆู„ุง ุจุญุณุจ
ุงู„ุฌูˆู‡ุฑ.

ูˆู‚ุฏ
ู…ูŠุฒ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุฃุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ ุชู…ูŠุฒุงู‹ ูˆุงุถุญุงู‹ ุจูŠู† ูˆุถุน ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุงู„ูุฑูŠุฏ ูˆุจูŠู† ุจุงู‚ู‰ ุงู„ุจุดุฑ
ูˆุงู„ู…ู„ุงุฆูƒุฉ ูƒุฃูˆู„ุงุฏ ู„ู„ู‡. ูˆู‡ุฐุง ุชู…ุงู…ุงู‹ ู…ุซู„ู…ุง ู…ูŠุฒ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูŠูˆุญู†ุง ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‰ ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ
ูู‚ุงู„ ุฃู†ู‡ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏ ุงู„ุฌู†ุณ
o monogenhV uioVs (ุฃูˆ ู…ูˆู†ูˆุฌูŠู†ูŠุณ ุฃูŠูˆุณ) ุฃูˆ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏ ุงู„ุฌู†ุณ o monogenhV qeoV
(ุฃูˆ ู…ูˆู†ูˆุฌูŠู†ูŠุณ ุซูŠุคุณ) (ุงู†ุธุฑ ูŠูˆ 1: 18).

ูˆู„ุง
ูŠุฎูู‰ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู‚ุงุฑุฆ ุญูƒู…ุฉ ุงู„ูˆุญู‰ ุงู„ูƒุชุงุจู‰ ูู‰ ุชุนุจูŠุฑ “ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏ” ุฅุดุงุฑุฉ ุฅู„ู‰ ุทุจูŠุนุฉ
ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุจุฅุนุชุจุงุฑู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฌู†ุณ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ู‰ ูˆูู‰ ุงู„ุฅุดุงุฑุฉ ุฅู„ู‰ ุจู†ูˆุชู‡ ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏุฉ ูˆุงู„ูุฑูŠุฏุฉ ุจุญูŠุซ
ูŠูƒูˆู† ุงู„ุญุฏูŠุซ ุนู† ุงู„ุดุฑูƒุฉ ูู‰ ุทุจูŠุนุชู‡ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ ู‡ูˆ ู„ูˆู† ู…ู† ุงู„ุชุฌุฏูŠู ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡.

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ูู„ูŠุฑุญู…ู†ุง
ุงู„ุฑุจ ู„ูƒู‰ ู†ุดุนุฑ ุจุถุนูุงุชู†ุง ูˆุฎุทุงูŠุงู†ุง ูู„ุง ู†ุณู‚ุท ูู‰ ุงู„ูƒุจุฑูŠุงุก.

ย 

ูˆู‚ุจู„ ุงู„ุฏุฎูˆู„ ูู‰ ุฃู‚ูˆุงู„ ุงู„ุขุจุงุก ู†ูˆุฑุฏ ุงู„ุชุนู„ูŠู… ุงู„ุชุงู„ู‰
ู„ู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ู†ูุณู‡ ุญูŠุซ ู‚ุงู„ ุตุฑุงุญุฉู‹ ุฃู†ู‡ ูŠุฌุจ ุนู„ูŠู†ุง ุฃู† ู†ุนุชุจุฑ ุฃู†ูุณู†ุง ุนุจูŠุฏ:

“ูƒูŽุฐูŽู„ููƒูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ุชูู…ู’ ุฃูŽูŠู’ุถุงู‹ ู…ูŽุชูŽู‰ ููŽุนูŽู„ู’ุชูู…ู’ ูƒูู„ู‘ูŽ ู…ูŽุง ุฃูู…ูุฑู’ุชูู…ู’
ุจูู‡ู ููŽู‚ููˆู„ููˆุง: ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู†ูŽุง ุนูŽุจููŠุฏูŒ ุจูŽุทู‘ูŽุงู„ููˆู†ูŽ. ู„ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽู†ูŽุง ุฅูู†ู‘ูŽู…ูŽุง ุนูŽู…ูู„ู’ู†ูŽุง
ู…ูŽุง ูƒูŽุงู†ูŽ ูŠูŽุฌูุจู ุนูŽู„ูŽูŠู’ู†ูŽุง”
(ู„ูˆ 17: 10). ูุญุชู‰ ูู‰ ุญุงู„ุฉ ูƒูˆู†ู†ุง ุฃุจุฑุงุฑุงู‹ ุนู„ูŠู†ุง
ุฃู† ู†ู‚ูˆู„ ุฃู†ู†ุง ุนุจูŠุฏ ูˆุนุจูŠุฏ ุจุทู‘ุงู„ูˆู†. ู„ู…ุงุฐุง ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ู„ู†ุง ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ู†ูุณู‡ “ู‚ูˆู„ูˆุง
ุฅู†ู†ุง ุนุจูŠุฏ”ุŸ ุฃู„ูŠุณ ู‡ุฐุง ู‡ูˆ ุชุนู„ูŠู… ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ู†ูุณู‡ุŸ! ู‡ู„ ู…ู† ุฑุฏ ู„ุฏู‰ ุฏุนุงุฉ
ุงู„ุชุฃู„ูŠู‡ุŸุŸ!!

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ูˆุฃุนุทู‰ ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุงู„ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ุชุงู„ู‰ ู„ูŠุญุซู†ุง ุนู„ู‰
ุญูŠุงุฉ ุงู„ุณู‡ุฑ ูˆุงู„ุงุณุชุนุฏุงุฏ ู…ุดุจู‡ุงู‹ ู†ูุณู‡ ุจุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ูˆู†ุญู† ุจุงู„ุนุจูŠุฏ:

“ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ู’ุชูู…ู’ ู…ูุซู’ู„ู ุฃูู†ูŽุงุณู ูŠูŽู†ู’ุชูŽุธูุฑููˆู†ูŽ
ุณูŽูŠู‘ูุฏูŽู‡ูู…ู’ ู…ูŽุชูŽู‰ ูŠูŽุฑู’ุฌูุนู ู…ูู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูุฑู’ุณู ุญูŽุชู‘ูŽู‰ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฌูŽุงุกูŽ ูˆูŽู‚ูŽุฑูŽุนูŽ ูŠูŽูู’ุชูŽุญููˆู†ูŽ
ู„ูŽู‡ู ู„ูู„ู’ูˆูŽู‚ู’ุชู. ุทููˆุจูŽู‰ ู„ุฃููˆู„ูŽุฆููƒูŽ ุงู„ู’ุนูŽุจููŠุฏู ุงู„ู‘ูŽุฐููŠู†ูŽ ุฅูุฐูŽุง ุฌูŽุงุกูŽ ุณูŽูŠู‘ูุฏูู‡ูู…ู’
ูŠูŽุฌูุฏูู‡ูู…ู’ ุณูŽุงู‡ูุฑููŠู†ูŽ
” (ู„ูˆ 12: 36-37).

ย 

ู…ู†
ุฃู‚ูˆุงู„ ุงู„ุขุจุงุก

ุงู„ุชู‰
ุชู†ูู‰ ุจุฏุนุฉ ุชุฃู„ูŠู‡ ุงู„ุฅู†ุณุงู†

ย 

ูู‰
ุตู„ุงุฉ ุงู„ุตู„ุญ ู„ู„ู‚ุฏุงุณ ุงู„ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณู‰ ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ุงู„ูƒุงู‡ู†:

“ูŠุง
ุฑุฆูŠุณ ุงู„ุญูŠุงุฉ ูˆู…ู„ูƒ ุงู„ุฏู‡ูˆุฑุŒ ุงู„ู„ู‡ู… ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุชุฌุซูˆ ู„ู‡ ูƒู„ ุฑูƒุจุฉ ู…ุง ูู‰ ุงู„ุณู…ูˆุงุช ูˆู…ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฃุฑุถ
ูˆู…ุง ุชุญุช ุงู„ุฃุฑุถ. ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุงู„ูƒู„ ู…ุฐู„ูˆู„ ูˆุฎุงุถุน ุจุนู†ู‚ ุงู„ุนุจูˆุฏูŠุฉ ุชุญุช ุฎุถูˆุน ู‚ุถูŠุจ ู…ู„ูƒู‡.
ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุชู…ุฌุฏู‡ ุงู„ุฃุฌู†ุงุฏ ุงู„ู…ู„ุงุฆูƒูŠุฉ ูˆุงู„ุทุบู…ุงุช ุงู„ุณู…ุงุฆูŠุฉ ูˆุงู„ุทุจุงุฆุน ุงู„ุนู‚ู„ูŠุฉุŒ ุจุตูˆุช ู„ุง ูŠุณูƒุช
ู†ุงุทู‚ ุจุฃู„ูˆู‡ูŠุชู‡. ูˆุฅุฐ ุณุฑุฑุช ุจู†ุง ู†ุญู† ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ุงู„ุถุนูุงุก ุงู„ุฃุฑุถูŠูŠู† ุฃู† ู†ุฎุฏู…ูƒ ู„ุง ู…ู† ุฃุฌู„ ู†ู‚ุงูˆุฉ
ุฃูŠุฏูŠู†ุงุŒ ู„ุฃู†ู†ุง ู„ู… ู†ูุนู„ ุงู„ุตู„ุงุญ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฃุฑุถ. ุจู„ ู…ุฑูŠุฏุงู‹ ุฃู† ุชุนุทูŠู†ุง ู†ุญู† ุงู„ุจุงุฆุณูŠู† ุบูŠุฑ
ุงู„ู…ุณุชุญู‚ูŠู† ู…ู† ุทู‡ุฑูƒ…

ูˆู„ุง
ุชุทุฑุญู†ุง ู†ุญู† ุนุจูŠุฏูƒ ู…ู† ุฃุฌู„ ุฏู†ุณ ุฎุทุงูŠุงู†ุง. ู„ุฃู†ูƒ ุฃู†ุช ุงู„ุนุงุฑู ูƒุฎุงู„ู‚ ุฌุจู„ุชู†ุง ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ูŠุณ ู…ูˆู„ูˆุฏ
ุฅู…ุฑุฃุฉ ูŠุชุฒูƒู‰ ุฃู…ุงู…ูƒ
.”

ย 

Uย ย ย ย 
ูˆูƒู…ุง ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ “ุฃู†ุง ู‚ู„ุช ุฃู†ูƒู… ุขู„ู‡ุฉ…
ู„ุฃูˆู„ุฆูƒ ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ุตุงุฑุช ุฅู„ูŠู‡ู… ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡
” (ูŠูˆ 10: 34) ุฑุบู… ุฃู†ู‡ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰
ูˆุญุฏู‡ุŒ ู‡ูƒุฐุง ู‚ุงู„ ู„ุชู„ุงู…ูŠุฐู‡ “ุฃู†ุชู… ู†ูˆุฑ ุงู„ุนุงู„ู…” (ู…ุช 5: 14) ู…ุน ุฃู†ู‡ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑ
ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ ูˆู‚ุงู„ “ุฃู†ุง ู‡ูˆ ู†ูˆุฑ ุงู„ุนุงู„ู…” (ูŠูˆ 8: 12) ูู‡ู„ ู†ุญู† ู†ุชุณุงูˆู‰ ู…ุนู‡ุŸ

ย 

ู„ู‚ุฏ
ุฃูุฑุฏ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณ ุงู„ูƒุจูŠุฑ ูู‰ ูƒุชุงุจู‡ “ุดุฑุญ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ูŠูˆุญู†ุง” ูุตู„ุงู‹ ูƒุงู…ู„ุงู‹
(ุงู„ูุตู„ ุงู„ุซุงู…ู†) ุนุฑุถ ููŠู‡ ู…ู‚ุงุฑู†ุฉ ุดูŠู‚ุฉ ุจูŠู† ุงู„ุงุจู† ูˆุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏ ุงู„ุฌู†ุณ ูˆุจูŠู† ุงู„ุจุดุฑ ูู‰ ู‡ุฐู‡
ุงู„ู†ู‚ุทุฉ ูˆุฐู„ูƒ ูู‰ ุชูุณูŠุฑู‡ ู„ุนุจุงุฑุฉ “ูƒุงู† ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑ ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰” (ูŠูˆุญู†ุง9: 1). ูุถู…ู† ู…ุง
ูƒุชุจ ู‚ุงู„ ู…ุง ูŠู„ู‰:

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุนุฑุจู‰:

“ูŠุฌู…ุน
ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ู‰ ูƒู„ ู…ุง ู‚ุงู„ู‡ ุณุงุจู‚ุงู‹ุŒ ูˆูŠุญุฏุฏ ุจุดูƒู„ ุขุฎุฑ ุงู„ุญู‚ ุงู„ุฎุงุต ุจุงู„ู†ูˆุฑุŒ ุฃู‰ ุงู„ุงุจู†
ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏุŒ ูˆูŠูุตู„ ุจูŠู†ู‡ ูˆุจูŠู† ุงู„ุฎู„ูŠู‚ุฉุŒ ุนู„ู‰ ู†ุญูˆ ุจุงุฑุฒุŒ ุฃู‰ ู…ุง ู‡ูˆ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ -ุฃู‰ ุงู„ุญู‚- ูˆู…ุง
ู‡ูˆ ุจุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉุŒ ุจูŠู† ุงู„ู…ุดุงุฑูƒ ูˆุงู„ู…ุดุงุฑูƒูŠู†[3].
ุจูŠู† ุงู„ูˆุงู‡ุจ ูˆุงู„ุฐู‰ ูŠุนุทู‰ ู…ู† ุนู†ุฏู‡ุŒ ูˆุงู„ุฐูŠู† ูŠุฃุฎุฐูˆู† ู…ู† ุงู„ุบู†ู‰ ุงู„ูˆุงูุฑ. ูƒู„ ู‡ุฐุง ูู‰ ุนุจุงุฑุฉ
ูˆุงุญุฏุฉุŒ “ูƒุงู† ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑ ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰”. ูˆุฅุฐุง ูƒุงู† ุงู„ุงุจู† ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑ ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ุŒ ูู„ูŠุณ ุขุฎุฑ
ุบูŠุฑู‡ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑ ุญู‚ุงู‹ุŒ ูู„ุง ูŠูˆุฌุฏ ู…ู† ูŠู…ู„ูƒ ุฅู…ูƒุงู†ูŠุฉ ุฃู† ูŠุตุจุญ ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑุŒ ูˆู„ุง ุชู…ู„ูƒ ุงู„ูƒุงุฆู†ุงุช
ุฃู† ุชุนุทู‰ ู…ู† ุทุจูŠุนุชู‡ุง ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑุŒ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ุง ุฎู„ู‚ุช ู…ู† ุงู„ุนุฏู…ุŒ ูˆู„ุง ุชุณุชุทูŠุน ุฃู† ุชุฌูˆุฏ ุจู…ุง ู„ุง ุชู…ู„ูƒุŒ
ูˆู„ุง ุฃู† ุชุชุทูˆุฑ ูˆุชุตุจุญ ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑ. ูู…ู† ูƒุงู† ุฃุตู„ู‡ ุงู„ุนุฏู…ุŒ ู„ุง ูŠู…ู„ูƒ ุฃู† ูŠุฌูˆุฏุŒ ูˆุฅู†ู…ุง ูŠู†ุงู„ูˆู†
ุฃุดุนุฉ ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑ ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ุŒ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูŠุดุน ููŠู‡ู… ุจู…ุดุงุฑูƒุฉ[4]
ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ
(2ุจุท 1: 4)ุŒ ูˆุนู†ุฏู…ุง ูŠุชุดุจู‡ูˆู† ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ ูŠุฏุนูˆู† ู†ูˆุฑุงู‹
ูˆูŠุตูŠุฑูˆู† ู†ูˆุฑุงู‹.

ููƒู„ู…ุฉ
ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู‡ูˆ ุฌูˆู‡ุฑูŠุง “ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑ”ุŒ ูˆู‡ูˆ ู„ูŠุณ ูƒุฐู„ูƒ ู…ู† ู‚ุจู„ ุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉ ุจุงู„ู…ุดุงุฑูƒุฉุŒ ูˆู„ุง ู†ุงู„
ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ู…ูƒุงู†ุฉ ุนุฑุถูŠุงู‹ุŒ ูˆู„ุง ูˆู‡ุจุช ู„ู‡ ูƒู†ุนู…ุฉ
ุŒ ูˆุฅู†ู…ุง ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑ ู‡ูˆ
ุงู„ุตู„ุงุญ ุบูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ุชุบูŠุฑ ู„ู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุบูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ุฉุŒ ูˆู‡ูˆ ูŠู†ุทู„ู‚ ู…ู† ุงู„ุขุจ ุฅู„ู‰ ูˆุงุฑุซ ุฌูˆู‡ุฑู‡.

ูˆุงู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚
ู„ุง ูŠุณุชุทูŠุน ุฃู† ูŠุญุชู…ู„ ุฃู† ูŠุตุจุญ ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑุŒ ูˆุฅู†ู…ุง ูŠู‚ุจู„ ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑ ู…ุซู„ู…ุง ุชู‚ุจู„ ุงู„ุธู„ู…ุฉ ุงู„ุฃุดุนุฉ
ุŒ ุฃูˆ ูƒู…ุง
ุชูˆู‡ุจ ุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉ
ุŒ ูˆู‡ุฐู‡ ู‡ู‰ ุงู„ู…ูƒุงู†ุฉ ุงู„ุชู‰ ุฃุนุทุงู‡ุง ุงู„ุงุจู† ุจุณุจุจ ู…ุญุจุชู‡ ู„ู„ุฅู†ุณุงู†. ูˆุฅุฐู†
ู‡ูˆ ูˆุญุฏู‡ ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑ ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ุŒ ูˆุงู„ุจุงู‚ูŠู† ู„ูŠุณูˆุง ูƒุฐู„ูƒ.”[5]

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌู„ูŠุฒู‰:

“The Divine Evangelist again
profitably recapitulates what has been said, and clearly marks off That Which
is in truth the Light, the Only-Begotten, from those that are not so, namely
things originate: he serves clearly That which is by nature from them which are
by grace, That which is partaken of from those which are participate of it.
That which ministereth Itself to those who lake from those who are in enjoyment
of Its largess. And if the Son is Very Light, nought save He is in truth Light,
nor hath of its own in potential the being called and being Light, nor yet will
things originate produce this as fruit of their own nature; but just as from
not being they are, so from not being Light will they mount up to being light, and
by receiving the beams of the Very Light, and irradiated by the participation
of the Divine Nature (2 Pet 1: 4), will they in imitation of It alike be called
and be light.

And
the Word of God is Essentially Light, not being so of grace by participation,
nor having this dignity as an accident in Himself, nor yet imported, as grace,
but the unchangeable and immutable good of the Uncreated Nature, passing
through from the Father into the Heir of His Essence. But the creature, not so
will it bear about it the being light, but as not having it receives, as
darkness it is illumined, it has, as an occurring grace, the dignity from the
love to man of Him Who giveth it. Hence the One is Very Light, the other not at
all.”[6]

ย 

Uย ย ย ย 
ูˆูู‰ ุงู„ูุตู„ ุงู„ุชุงุณุน ูŠูƒู…ู„ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณ ุจุฃูƒุซุฑ ูˆุถูˆุญ
ู…ูˆุถุญุงู‹ ู…ูู‡ูˆู…ู‡ ูˆู…ุฌูŠุจุงู‹ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ู…ุนุงุฑุถูŠู† ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ูŠู‚ูˆู„ูˆู†: “ู„ูˆ ูƒุงู† ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณูˆู† ู„ูŠุณูˆุง
ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉุŒ ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑุŒ ูู„ู…ุงุฐุง ู„ุง ูŠุฏุนูˆู‡ู… ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ุต ุดุฑูƒุงุก ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑ ุจุฏู„ุงู‹ ู…ู† ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑุŸ ูˆูƒูŠู ูŠุตุจุญ
ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ ู…ุฎุชู„ูุงู‹ ุนู† ุงุจู† ุงู„ู„ู‡. ู…ุงุฏุงู… ุงู„ุชู„ุงู…ูŠุฐ ู‚ุฏ ุณู…ุนูˆุง “ุฃู†ุชู… ู†ูˆุฑ
ุงู„ุนุงู„ู…” (ู…ุช 5: 14)” ููŠุฌูŠุจ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณ ุจู‚ูˆู„ู‡ ุงู„ุณุฏูŠุฏ:

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุนุฑุจู‰:

“ุฅุฌุงุจุชู†ุง
ุนู„ู‰ ู‡ุฐุง ูŠุง ุณุงุฏุงุชู‰ ุงู„ุฃุนุฒุงุก ู‡ู‰: ู†ุญู† ุฃุจู†ุงุก ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจู„ ุฏุนูŠู†ุง ุขู„ู‡ุฉ ูู‰ ุงู„ุฃุณูุงุฑ
ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ ุญุณุจ ุงู„ู…ูƒุชูˆุจ “ุฃู„ู… ุฃู‚ู„ ุฃู†ูƒู… ุขู„ู‡ุฉ ูˆุจู†ูˆ ุงู„ุนู„ู‰ ูƒู„ูƒู…” (ู…ุฒ82: 6). ู‡ู„
ูŠุนู†ู‰ ู‡ุฐุง ุฃู† ู†ุชุฎู„ู‰ ุนู† ูƒูŠุงู†ู†ุง ูˆู†ุฑุชูุน ุฅู„ู‰ ุฌูˆ ุงู„ู„ุงู‡ูˆุช ุบูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ู†ุทูˆู‚ ุจู‡ ูˆุฃู† ู†ุฎู„ุน ุงู„ุงุจู†
ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ู…ู† ุจู†ูˆุชู‡ ูˆู†ุฌู„ุณ ู†ุญู† ูู‰ ู…ูƒุงู†ู‡ ู…ุน ุงู„ุขุจ ูˆู†ุฌุนู„ ู…ุญุจุฉ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุฃูƒุฑู…ู†ุง ุนุฐุฑุงู‹ ู„ู„ูƒูุฑุŸ
ุญุงุดุง ู„ู„ู‡. ูุงู„ุงุจู† ู‡ูˆ ูƒุงุฆู† ุบูŠุฑ ู…ุชุบูŠุฑุŒ ุฃู…ุง ู†ุญู† ูุจุงู„ุชุจู†ู‰ ุตุฑู†ุง ุฃุจู†ุงุก ูˆุขู„ู‡ุฉ ุจุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉุŒ
ุบูŠุฑ ุฌุงู‡ู„ูŠู† ู…ู† ู†ุญู†
ุŒ ูˆุนู„ู‰ ู†ูุณ ุงู„ู‚ูŠุงุณ ู„ุง ู†ุคู…ู† ุฃู† ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณูŠู† ู‡ู… ุงู„ู†ูˆุฑ….”[7]

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌู„ูŠุฒู‰:

“But the opponent will haply
say again to us, If the saints were not by nature light, why did the Saviour
call them not partakers of light, but light? And how is the creature other in
nature than He, if as He is called Light, so too is the rational creation? For Ye
are the light of the World
, did the disciples hear.

What
then, excellent sir, will we reply? Sons of God and gods are we called by the
Divine Scriptures, according as it is said, I have said Ye are gods and all
of you are children of the Most High
(Ps 82: 6). Shall we then, leaving off
being what we are, mount up to the Divine and unutterable Essence, and deposing
the Word of God from His very Sonship, in place of Him sit with the Father and
make the kindness of Him Who honours us as pretext for impiety? God forbid; but
the Son will be unchangeably in that which He is, we, adopted unto sonship and
gods by grace, not ignorant of what we are: and in this way do we believe that
the saints are light.”[8]

ย 

Uย ย ย ย 
ูˆู‚ุฏ ุฃูˆุถุญ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณ ุงู„ูƒุจูŠุฑ ู…ุฑุงุฑุงู‹ ูˆุชูƒุฑุงุฑุงู‹
ุฃู†ู†ุง ุฃุจู†ุงุก ุจุงู„ุชุจู†ู‰ ูˆุฃู†ู†ุง ู†ู†ุงู„ ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ุนุทูŠุฉ ูƒู†ุนู…ุฉ ุจุณุจุจ ุชุนุทู ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุนู„ูŠู†ุง ู„ูƒู†ู‡ุง ู„ูŠุณุช
ู…ู† ุทุจูŠุนุชู†ุง ูƒู…ุง ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุญุงู„ ู…ุน ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏุŒ ููู‰ ุชูุณูŠุฑู‡ ู„ุนุจุงุฑุฉ “ู†ุตูŠุฑ ุฃุจู†ุงุก
ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฃู‰ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ุจุงุณู…ู‡” (ูŠูˆ 1: 12) ูู‰ ูƒุชุงุจ “ุดุฑุญ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ูŠูˆุญู†ุง”
ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ู…ุง ูŠู„ู‰:

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุนุฑุจู‰:

ุฅุฐู†
ู†ุญู† ู†ุฑุชูุน ุฅู„ู‰ ูƒุฑุงู…ุฉ ุฃุณู…ู‰ ู…ู† ุทุจูŠุนุชู†ุง ุจุณุจุจ (ุจูุถู„) ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ู„ุฃู†ู†ุง ุณู†ูƒูˆู† ุฃูŠุถุงู‹
“ุฃุจู†ุงุก ุงู„ู„ู‡” ู„ูŠุณ ู…ุซู„ู‡ ุชู…ุงู…ุงู‹ุŒ ุจู„ ุจุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉ ูˆุจุงู„ุชุดุจู‡ ุจู‡. ูู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุงุจู†
ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ุŒ ุงู„ูƒุงุฆู† ู…ุน ุงู„ุขุจ ู…ู†ุฐ ุงู„ุฃุฒู„ุŒ ุฃู…ุง ู†ุญู† ูุจุงู„ุชุจู†ู‰ ุจุณุจุจ ุชุนุทูู‡ุŒ
ูˆู…ู† ุฎู„ุงู„
ุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉ ุงู„ุชู‰ ุฃุฎุฐู†ุงู‡ุง “ุฃู†ุง ู‚ู„ุช ุฃู†ูƒู… ุขู„ู‡ุฉุŒ ูˆูƒู„ูƒู… ุฃุจู†ุงุก ุงู„ุนู„ู‰” (ู…ุฒ 82: 6)
ูุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ุฉ ุงู„ุฎุงุถุนุฉ ู„ู„ุฎุงู„ู‚ุŒ ุฏุนูŠุช ุฅู„ู‰ ู…ุง ู‡ูˆ ููˆู‚ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุจุฅุฑุงุฏุฉ ุงู„ุขุจ ูู‚ุทุŒ
ุฃู…ุง ุงู„ุงุจู†ุŒ ูˆุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ ูˆุงู„ุฑุจุŒ ูู‡ูˆ ู„ูŠุณ ุงู„ุงุจู† ูˆุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ ุจุฅุฑุงุฏุฉ ุงู„ุขุจ ูˆุงุฎุชูŠุงุฑู‡ุŒ ูˆุฅู†ู…ุง
ุจุงู„ูˆู„ุงุฏุฉ ู…ู† ุฌูˆู‡ุฑ ุงู„ุขุจ ุฐุงุชู‡ ูŠุตุจุญ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ู„ู‡ ูƒู„ ุตูุงุช ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆุตู„ุงุญู‡. ูˆุฃูŠุถุง
ูŠู…ูƒู†ู†ุง ุฃู† ู†ุฑู‰ ุจูƒู„ ูˆุถูˆุญ ุฃู†ู‡ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ ุจุงู„ู…ู‚ุงุฑู†ุฉ ู…ุน ุฃู†ูุณู†ุง ูู‡ูˆ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ู„ู‡
ูƒูŠุงู† ุฎุงุตุŒ ุบูŠุฑ ูƒูŠุงู†ู†ุง ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุจุงู„ุชุจู†ู‰ ูˆุจุงู„ุชุดุจู‡. ุฅุฐู† ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุจุงู„ุญู‚ ูˆุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉุŒ ูˆู†ุญู†
ุตุฑู†ุง ุจู‡ ุฃุจู†ุงุก ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ุŒ ูˆู†ู†ุงู„ ุงู„ุฎูŠุฑุงุช ุจุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉ ุฏูˆู† ุฃู† ุชูƒูˆู† ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ุฎูŠุฑุงุช ู‡ู‰ ู…ู†
ุทุจูŠุนุชู†ุง
.”[9]

ย 

“Therefore we mount up unto
dignity above our nature for Christ’s sake, and we too shall be sons of God,
not like Him in exactitude, but by grace in imitation of Him. For He is Very
Son, existing from the Father; we adopted by His kindness, through grace receiving
I have said, Ye are gods and all of you are children of the Most High
(Ps 82: 6). For the created and subject nature is called to what is above
nature by the mere nod and will of the Father; but the Son and God and Lord
will not possess this being God and Son, by the will of God the Father, nor in
that He wills it only, but beaming forth of the Very Essence of the Father, He
receives to Himself by nature what is Its own Good. And again He is clearly
seen to be Very Son, proved by comparison with ourselves. For since that which
is by Nature has another mode of being from that which is by adoption, and that
which is in truth from that which is by imitation, and we are called sons of
God
by adoption and imitation: hence He is Son by Nature and in truth, to Whom
we made sons too are compared gaining the good by grace instead of by natural
endowments.”[10]

ย 

Uย ย ย ย 
ูˆุจูˆุถูˆุญ ูŠุจูŠู† ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ
ุฃุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ

ุงู„ูุฑู‚ ุจูŠู† ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ ูˆุญูŠุฏ ุงู„ุฌู†ุณ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆุจูŠู†ู†ุง ู†ุญู† ูƒุฃุจู†ุงุก ุจุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉ
ูู‰
ุงู„ู…ู‚ุงู„ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซ ุถุฏ ุงู„ุฃุฑูŠูˆุณูŠูŠู†
ููŠู‚ูˆู„:

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุนุฑุจู‰:

ูุฑุบู…
ุฃู†ู‡ ูŠูˆุฌุฏ ุงุจู† ูˆุงุญุฏ ุญุณุจ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏ ุงู„ุฌู†ุณุŒ ู‡ูƒุฐุง ู†ุตูŠุฑ ู†ุญู†
ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ุฃุจู†ุงุกุŒ ู„ูƒู† ู„ูŠุณ ู…ุซู„ู‡ ู‡ูˆ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆุจุงู„ุญู‚ุŒ ุจู„ ุจุญุณุจ ู†ุนู…ุฉ ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุฏุนุงู†ุงุŒ ูˆุฑุบู…
ุฃู†ู†ุง ุจุดุฑ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฃุฑุถุŒ
ูˆู…ุน ุฐู„ูƒ ู†ุตูŠุฑ ุขู„ู‡ุฉ ู„ูŠุณ ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ ุฃูˆ ูƒู„ู…ุชู‡ุŒ ุจู„ ูƒู…ุง
ู‚ุฏ ุณุฑ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู‚ุฏ ูˆู‡ุจู†ุง ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉุ› ู‡ูƒุฐุง ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ู†ุตูŠุฑ ุฑุญู…ุงุก ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ุŒ ู„ุง ุจุฃู†
ู†ุตูŠุฑ ู…ุณุงูˆูŠูŠู† ู„ู„ู‡ ูˆู„ุง ุจุฃู† ู†ุตูŠุฑ ุตุงู†ุนู‰ ุฎูŠุฑุงุช ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆุจุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ุฉ.”[11]

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌู„ูŠุฒู‰:

“19. For as, although there
be one Son by nature, True and Only-begotten, we too become sons, not as He in
nature and truth, but according to the grace of Him that calleth, and though we
are men from the earth, are yet called gods, not as the True God or His Word,
but as has pleased God who has given us that grace; so also, as God do we
become merciful, not by being made equal to God, nor becoming in nature and
truth benefactors.”[12]

ย 

Uย ย ย ย 
ูƒุซูŠุฑุงู‹ ู…ุง ูุฑู‘ูŽู‚ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุฃุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ ูู‰ ูƒุชุงุจุงุชู‡ ุจูŠู†
ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ุฎุงู„ู‚ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู…ู† ู†ูุณ ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ุขุจ ูˆุญุฏู‡ ูˆุจูŠู† ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ุงุช ูู‚ุงู„ ู…ุซู„ุงู‹ ูู‰ ุฏูุงุนู‡ ุนู†
ู‚ุงู†ูˆู† ุงู„ุฅูŠู…ุงู† ุงู„ู†ูŠู‚ุงูˆู‰ ู…ุง ูŠู„ู‰:

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุนุฑุจู‰:

ูู‰
ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ุฉ ุญูŠู†ู…ุง ู‚ุงู„ ุจูˆู„ุณ ุฃู† ูƒู„ ุงู„ุฃุดูŠุงุก ู‡ู‰ ู…ู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฃุถุงู ู…ุจุงุดุฑุฉ ุฃู† “ุฑุจ ูˆุงุญุฏ
ูŠุณูˆุน ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู…ู†ู‡ ูƒู„ ุดุฆ” (1ูƒูˆ 8: 6) ุญุชู‰ ูŠุจูŠู† ู„ูƒู„ ุงู„ุจุดุฑ ุฃู† ุงู„ุงุจู† ู‡ูˆ
ุบูŠุฑ ูƒู„ ุงู„ุฃุดูŠุงุก ุงู„ุชู‰ ุฃูˆุฌุฏู‡ุง ุงู„ู„ู‡
(ู„ุฃู† ูƒู„ ุงู„ุฃุดูŠุงุก ุงู„ุชู‰ ุฃูˆุฌุฏู‡ุง ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฃูˆุฌุฏู‡ุง ู…ู†
ุฎู„ุงู„ ุงู„ุฅุจู†)… ูู„ุง ูƒู„ ุงู„ุฃุดูŠุงุก ู‡ู‰ ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ุฅุจู† ูˆู„ุง ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ู‡ูˆ ูˆุงุญุฏ ุถู…ู† ุขุฎุฑูŠู†ุŒ
ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ูˆุงู„ุตุงู†ุน ู„ู„ูƒู„ุ› ูˆู…ู† ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ู…ู†ุทู„ู‚ ุฃุนู„ู† ุงู„ู…ุฌู…ุน ุงู„ู…ู‚ุฏุณ ุจูˆุถูˆุญ ุฃู†ู‡
(ุงู„ุงุจู†) ู…ู† ุฌูˆู‡ุฑ ุงู„ุขุจ ุญุชู‰ ูŠู…ูƒู†ู†ุง ุฃู† ู†ุคู…ู† ุฃู† ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุขุฎุฑ ุบูŠุฑ ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ุฃุดูŠุงุก
ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ุฉ ู„ูƒูˆู†ู‡ ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู…ู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ุฉ.

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌู„ูŠุฒู‰:

In
truth, when Paul says that โ€˜
all things are from God,โ€™ he immediately adds, โ€˜and one Lord Jesus Christ, through whom are all thingsโ€™ (1Cor 8: 6), in order to shew all men, that the
Son is other than all these things which came to be from God
(for the
things which came to be from God, came to be through His Son)… For neither
are the things as the Son, nor is the Word one among others,
for He is Lord
and Framer of all; and on this account did the Holy Council declare expressly
that He was of the essence of the Father that we might believe the Word to be
other than the nature of things originate, being alone truly from God.[13]

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Uย ย ย ย 
ูˆูู‰ ุชูุณูŠุฑ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุฃุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ ู„ุนุจุงุฑุฉ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูŠูˆุญู†ุง
ู„ููŠูŽูƒููˆู†ูŽ ุงู„ู’ุฌูŽู…ููŠุนู ูˆูŽุงุญูุฏุงู‹ ูƒูŽู…ูŽุง ุฃูŽู†ู‘ูŽูƒูŽ ุฃูŽู†ู’ุชูŽ ุฃูŽูŠู‘ูู‡ูŽุง ุงู„ุขุจู ูููŠู‘ูŽ
ูˆูŽุฃูŽู†ูŽุง ูููŠูƒูŽ ู„ููŠูŽูƒููˆู†ููˆุง ู‡ูู…ู’ ุฃูŽูŠู’ุถุงู‹ ูˆูŽุงุญูุฏุงู‹ ูููŠู†ูŽุง
” (ูŠูˆุญู†ุง 17: 21)
ูŠู‚ูˆู„ู‡ุง ุจู…ู†ุชู‡ู‰ ุงู„ูˆุถูˆุญ ุฃู†ู†ุง ุฃุจู†ุงุก ุจุงู„ุชุจู†ู‰ ูˆุจุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉ. ูˆู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ูู‚ุฑุฉ ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ุชูุณุฑ
ุงู„ู…ูู‡ูˆู… ุงู„ุขุจุงุฆู‰ ู„ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ุนุจุงุฑุฉ ุงู„ุชู‰ ูƒุซูŠุฑุงู‹ ู…ุง ูŠุณุงุก ุชูุณูŠุฑู‡ุง.

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุนุฑุจู‰:

ู†ุญู†
ู‚ุฏ ุฌูุนู„ู†ุง ุฃุจู†ุงุก ู„ู‡ ุจุงู„ุชุจู†ู‰ ูˆุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉ
ุŒ ุจู…ุดุงุฑูƒุฉ ุฑูˆุญู‡ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูˆุณ “ู„ุฃู† ูƒู„
ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ู‚ุจู„ูˆู‡ ุฃุนุทุงู‡ู… ุณู„ุทุงู† ุฃู† ูŠุตูŠุฑูˆุง ุฃุจู†ุงุก ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุฃู‰ ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูˆู† ุจุงุณู…ู‡” (ูŠูˆ 1: 12)ุŒ
ูˆู„ุฐู„ูƒ ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุญู‚ ู‚ุงุฆู„ุงู‹ “ุฃู†ุง ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุญู‚” (ูŠูˆ14: 6) ูˆูู‰ ู…ุฎุงุทุจุชู‡ ู„ุฃุจูŠู‡
ูŠู‚ูˆู„ “ู‚ุฏุณู‡ู… ูู‰ ุญู‚ูƒุŒ ูƒู„ู…ุชูƒ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุญู‚” (ูŠูˆ7: 17)ุŒ ู„ูƒู†ู†ุง ู†ุญู† ุจุงู„ู…ุญุงูƒุงุฉ
ู†ุตูŠุฑ ุฃุจุฑุงุฑุงู‹ ูˆุฃุจู†ุงุก:
ู„ุฐู„ูƒ ู„ูŠุณ ุจุฃู† ู†ุตูŠุฑ ูƒู…ุง ู‡ูˆุŒ ู‚ุงู„ “ู„ูŠูƒูˆู†ูˆุง ูˆุงุญุฏุงู‹
ูƒู…ุง ุฃู†ู†ุง ู†ุญู† ูˆุงุญุฏ”ุŒ
ู„ูƒู† ูƒู…ุง ุฃู†ู‡ ู‡ูˆ ู„ูƒูˆู†ู‡ ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉุŒ ู‡ูˆ ูู‰ ุฃุจูŠู‡ุŒ ู‡ูƒุฐุง ู†ุญู†
ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ุŒ ู†ุฃุฎุฐ ู…ุซุงู„ุงู‹ ุจู†ุธุฑู†ุง ุฅู„ูŠู‡ุŒ ู†ุตูŠุฑ ูˆุงุญุฏุงู‹ ู†ุญูˆ ุจุนุถู†ุง ุงู„ุจุนุถ ูู‰ ุชูˆุงูู‚ ูˆูˆุญุฏุฉ
ุฑูˆุญูŠุฉุŒ ูˆู„ุง ู†ูƒูˆู† ูู‰ ุชุนุงุฑุถ ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ูƒูˆุฑู†ุซูŠูŠู† ุจู„ ู†ููƒุฑ ููƒุฑุงู‹ ูˆุงุญุฏุงู‹ ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ุฎู…ุณุฉ ุขู„ุงู ูู‰
ุณูุฑ ุงู„ุฃุนู…ุงู„ (ุฃุน 4: 4ุŒ 32) ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ูƒุงู†ูˆุง ูƒูˆุงุญุฏ.”

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌู„ูŠุฒู‰:

We are made sons through Him by adoption and grace, as partaking of His Spirit (for โ€˜as many as received
Him,โ€™ he says, โ€˜to them gave He power to become children of God, even to them
that believe on His Name Jn1: 12), and therefore also He is the Truth (saying,
โ€˜I am the Truth,โ€™ and in His address to His Father, He said, โ€˜Sanctify them
through Thy Truth, Thy Word is Truthโ€™ Jn 14: 6); but we by imitation become
virtuous and sons
: โ€” therefore not that we might become such as He, did
He say โ€˜that they may be one as We are
;โ€™ but that as He, being the Word, is
in His own Father, so that we too, taking an examplar and looking at Him, might
become one towards each other in concord and oneness of spirit, nor be at
variance as the Corinthians, but mind the same thing, as those five thousand in
the Acts (Acts 4: 4, 32), who were as one.[14]

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Uย ย ย ย 
ูˆู„ูƒู‰ ู†ุญุณู… ุงู„ุฃู…ูˆุฑ ุจุงู„ู†ุณุจุฉ ู„ุฃู‚ูˆุงู„ ุงู„ุขุจุงุก ู†ุฑู‰ ุงู„ู…ู‚ุงู„
ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซ ุถุฏ ุงู„ุฃุฑูŠูˆุณูŠูŠู† ุฑูุถ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุฃุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ ุงู„ู…ุณุงูˆุงุฉ ูˆุงู„ุชุทุงุจู‚ ุจูŠู† ุงู„ู…ุคู…ู†ูŠู† ูˆุจูŠู†
ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุงู„ู…ุชุฌุณุฏ ูˆุฐู„ูƒ ู„ุฃู† ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูŠุฑูุน ู†ูุณู‡ ุฅู„ู‰ ู…ุณุชูˆู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ูุฅู†ู‡ ูŠุญุฏุฑ
ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุฅู„ู‰ ู…ุณุชูˆุงู‡ ูˆุจุงู„ุชุงู„ู‰ ูŠุดุงุฑูƒ ุงู„ุฃุฑูŠูˆุณูŠูŠู† ูู‰ ู…ุนุชู‚ุฏุงุชู‡ู… ูƒู…ุง ูŠู„ู‰:

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุนุฑุจู‰:

ูˆู„ูƒู† ุญู‚ูŠู‚ุฉ
ุงู„ุฃู…ุฑ ุฃู†ู‡ ู„ู… ูŠุชูƒู„ู‘ู… ู‡ูƒุฐุง ุจุงู„ู…ุฑู‘ุฉ ุจู„ ู‚ุงู„ “ูƒู…ุง ุฃู†ูƒ ุฃู†ุช ุฃูŠู‡ุง ุงู„ุขุจ ููŠู‘ ูˆุฃู†ุง
ููŠูƒ ู„ูŠูƒูˆู†ูˆุง ู‡ู… ุฃูŠุถู‹ุง ูˆุงุญุฏู‹ุง ููŠู†ุง” (ูŠูˆ21: 17). ูˆุจุงู„ุฅุถุงูุฉ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฐู„ูƒ ูุฅู†ู‡
ุจุงุณุชุนู…ุงู„ู‡ ู„ูุธุฉ “ูƒู…ุง” ูู‡ูˆ ูŠุดูŠุฑ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃูˆู„ุฆูƒ ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ูŠุตูŠุฑูˆู† ู…ุซู„ู‡ ูƒู…ุง ู‡ูˆ ูู‰
ุงู„ุขุจ ูˆู„ูƒู† ุนู† ุจุนุฏุŒ ุนู† ุจุนุฏ ู„ูŠุณ ู…ู† ุฌู‡ุฉ ุงู„ู…ูƒุงู† ูˆู„ูƒู† ู…ู† ุฌู‡ุฉ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ู…ู†
ุฌู‡ุฉ ุงู„ู…ูƒุงู† ู„ูŠุณ ู‡ู†ุงูƒ ุดุฆ ุจุนูŠุฏ ุนู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ุŒ ู„ูƒู† ู…ู† ุฌู‡ุฉ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆุญุฏู‡ุง ูุฅู† ูƒู„ ุงู„ุฃุดูŠุงุก
ู‡ู‰ ุจุนูŠุฏุฉ ุนู† ุงู„ู„ู‡.
ูˆูƒู…ุง ู‚ู„ุช ุณุงุจู‚ู‹ุง ูุฅู† ุงุณุชุนู…ุงู„ ุงู„ุฃุฏุงุฉ “ูƒู…ุง”
ู„ุง ูŠุนู†ู‰ ุงู„ุชุทุงุจู‚ุŒ ูˆู„ุง ุงู„ู…ุณุงูˆุงุฉ ูˆู„ูƒู† ูŠุนู†ู‰ ุงู„ุชุดู‘ุจู‡ ุจู…ุซุงู„ ูŠูู†ุธุฑ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ ู…ู† ุฌู‡ุฉ
ู…ุนูŠู‘ู†ุฉ.

23
ูˆู‡ุฐุง ู…ุง ูŠู…ูƒู†ู†ุง ุฃู† ู†ุชุนู„ู‘ู…ู‡ ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ู…ู† ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ู‘ุต ู†ูุณู‡ุŒ ุญูŠู†ู…ุง ูŠู‚ูˆู„ “ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ูƒู…ุง
ูƒุงู† ูŠูˆู†ุงู† ูู‰ ุจุทู† ุงู„ุญูˆุช ุซู„ุงุซุฉ ุฃูŠุงู… ูˆุซู„ุงุซ ู„ูŠุงู„ ู‡ูƒุฐุง ูŠูƒูˆู† ุงุจู† ุงู„ุฅู†ุณุงู† ูู‰ ู‚ู„ุจ ุงู„ุฃุฑุถ”
(ู…ุช40: 12). ูุฅู† ูŠูˆู†ุงู† ุทุจุนุงู‹ ู„ู… ูŠูƒู† ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ู‘ุตุŒ ูˆูŠูˆู†ุงู† ู„ู… ูŠู†ุฒู„ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฌุญูŠู…ุŒ ูˆู„ุง
ุงู„ุญูˆุช ูƒุงู† ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฌุญูŠู… ูƒู…ุง ุฃู† ูŠูˆู†ุงู† ุญูŠู†ู…ุง ุงุจุชู„ุนู‡ ุงู„ุญูˆุช ู„ู… ูŠูุฎุฑุฌ ุฃูˆู„ุฆูƒ ุงู„ุฐูŠู† ูƒุงู†
ุงู„ุญูˆุช ู‚ุฏ ุณุจู‚ ูˆุงุจุชู„ุนู‡ู… ู‚ูŽุจู’ู„ูŽู‡ุŒ ุจู„ ู‡ูˆ ูˆุญุฏู‡ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุฎุฑุฌ ู…ู† ุงู„ุญูˆุช ุญูŠู†ู…ุง ู‚ุฐูู‡. ู„ุฐู„ูƒ ูู„ูŠุณ
ูู‰ ู„ูุธุฉ “ูƒู…ุง” ู‡ู†ุง ุฃู‰ ุชุทุงุจู‚ ุฃูˆ ู…ุณุงูˆุงุฉ
ุŒ ุจู„ ุดูŠุฆุงู† ู…ุฎุชู„ูุงู†ุŒ ูู‡ู‰ ุชูˆุถุญ ู†ูˆุนุงู‹
ู…ู† ุงู„ุชุดุงุจู‡
ูู‰ ุญุงู„ุฉ ูŠูˆู†ุงู† ู…ู† ุฌู‡ุฉ ุงู„ุฃูŠุงู… ุงู„ุซู„ุงุซุฉุŒ ูˆุจู†ูุณ ุงู„ุทุฑูŠู‚ุฉ ูุญูŠู†ู…ุง ูŠู‚ูˆู„
ุงู„ุฑุจ “ูƒู…ุง” ูุฅู†ู†ุง ู†ุญู† ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ู„ุง ู†ุตูŠุฑ ูƒุงู„ุฅุจู† ูู‰ ุงู„ุขุจ ูˆู„ุง ูƒุงู„ุขุจ ูู‰ ุงู„ุฅุจู†ุŒ
ู„ุฃู†ู†ุง ุฌู…ูŠุนุงู‹ ู†ุตูŠุฑ ูˆุงุญุฏุงู‹ ูู‰ ุงู„ููƒุฑ ูˆุงุชูุงู‚ ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ู…ุซู„ู…ุง ุฃู† ุงู„ุขุจ ูˆุงู„ุฅุจู† ูˆุงุญุฏ.

ูˆุงู„ู…ุฎู„ู‘ุต
ุณูŠูƒูˆู† ู…ุซู„ ูŠูˆู†ุงู† ูู‰ ุจุทู† ุงู„ุฃุฑุถ ูˆู„ูƒู† ุจู…ุง ุฃู† ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ู‘ุต ู„ูŠุณ ู‡ูˆ ูŠูˆู†ุงู†ุŒ ูˆู„ูŠุณ ูƒู…ุง ุฃูุจุชู„ุน
ูŠูˆู†ุงู† ู‡ูƒุฐุง ู†ุฒู„ ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ู‘ุต ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฌุญูŠู… ูˆู„ูƒู†ู‡ ุฃู…ุฑ ู…ูˆุงุฒู‰ุŒ ู‡ูƒุฐุง ุจู†ูุณ ุงู„ุทุฑูŠู‚ุฉ ูุฅู† ุตุฑู†ุง
ู†ุญู† ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ูˆุงุญุฏุงู‹ุŒ ู…ุซู„ู…ุง ุฃู† ุงู„ุงุจู† ู‡ูˆ ูู‰ ุงู„ุขุจุŒ ูุณูˆู ู„ุง ู†ุตูŠุฑ ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ุงุจู† ูˆู„ู† ู†ูƒูˆู†
ู…ุณุงูˆูŠูŠู† ู„ู‡ุŒ ู„ุฃู† ุงู„ุงุจู† ูˆู†ุญู† ุฃู…ุฑุงู† ู…ุชูˆุงุฒูŠุงู†. ูˆู„ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ุณุจุจ ูุฅู† ู„ูุธุฉ “ูƒู…ุง”
ุชู†ุทุจู‚ ุนู„ูŠู†ุงุŒ ุญูŠุซ ุฅู† ุงู„ุฃุดูŠุงุก ุงู„ุชู‰ ุชุฎุชู„ู ุนู† ุจุนุถู‡ุง ูู‰ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉุŒ ูŠู…ูƒู† ุฃู† ุชุตูŠุฑ ู…ุดุงุจู‡ุฉ
ู„ุจุนุถู‡ุง ุงู„ุจุนุถ ุญูŠู†ู…ุง ูŠู†ุธุฑ ุฅู„ูŠู‡ุง ู…ู† ุฌู‡ุฉ ุนู„ุงู‚ุฉ ู…ุนูŠู†ุฉ ุชุฑุจุท ุจูŠู†ู‡ุง. ูˆู„ุฐู„ูƒ ูุงู„ุงุจู† ู†ูุณู‡
ู‡ูˆ ูู‰ ุงู„ุขุจ ุจุจุณุงุทุฉ ูˆุจุฏูˆู† ุฃูŠุฉ ุชุญูุธุงุชุŒ ู„ุฃู† ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ุตูุฉ ู‡ู‰ ู„ู‡ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุฃู…ุง ุจุงู„ู†ุณุจุฉ
ู„ู†ุง ู†ุญู† ุฅุฐ ู„ูŠุณุช ู„ู†ุง ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ุตูุฉ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ.
ูุงู„ุฃู…ุฑ ูŠุญุชุงุฌ ุฅู„ู‰ ุตูˆุฑุฉ ุฃูˆ ู…ุซุงู„ ู„ูƒู‰
ูŠู…ูƒู† ุฃู† ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ุนู†ุง “ูƒู…ุง ุฃู†ูƒ ุฃู†ุช ูู‰ู‘ู‘ ูˆุฃู†ุง ููŠูƒ”. ูˆู‡ูˆ ูŠู‚ูˆู„ “ูˆุญูŠู†ู…ุง ูŠุตูŠุฑูˆู†
ูƒุงู…ู„ูŠู† ู‡ูƒุฐุง ุญูŠู†ุฆุฐู ูŠูŽุนุฑูู ุงู„ุนุงู„ู… ุฃู†ูƒ ุฃู†ุช ุฃุฑุณู„ุชู†ู‰” ู„ุฃู†ู†ู‰ ู„ูˆ ู„ู… ุฃูƒู† ู‚ุฏ ุฌุฆุช
ูˆู„ุจุณุช ุฌุณุฏู‡ู…ุŒ ู„ู…ุง ุงุณุชุทุงุน ุฃุญุฏ ู…ู†ู‡ู… ุฃู† ูŠุตูŠุฑ ูƒุงู…ู„ุงู‹ุŒ ุจู„ ู„ูŽุธูŽู„ูŽ ุงู„ุฌู…ูŠุน ูู‰ ุงู„ูุณุงุฏ…

24
ูˆู†ุญู† ุฅุฐ ู‚ุฏ ุชูƒู„ู‘ู…ู†ุง ูƒุซูŠุฑุงู‹ ู…ุญุงูˆู„ูŠู† ุดุฑุญ ูƒู„ู…ุงุช ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ูู‚ุฑุฉุŒ ูุฅู† ูŠูˆุญู†ุง ุงู„ู…ุจุงุฑูƒ ูู‰
ุฑุณุงู„ุชู‡ ุฃุธู‡ุฑ ู…ุนู†ู‰ ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ูู‚ุฑุฉ ุจูƒู„ู…ุงุช ู‚ู„ูŠู„ุฉ ูˆุฃูƒุซุฑ ูƒู…ุงู„ุงู‹ ู…ู† ูƒู„ู…ุงุชู†ุงุŒ ูู‡ูˆ ูŠูุธู‡ุฑ ุฎุทุฃ
ูู‡ู… ุฃูˆู„ุฆูƒ ุงู„ุฌุงุญุฏูŠู†ุŒ ูˆูŠุนู„ู‘ู…ู†ุง ูƒูŠู ู†ุตูŠุฑ ู†ุญู† ูู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆุงู„ู„ู‡ ููŠู†ุง ูˆูŠุนู…ู„ู†ุง ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ูƒูŠู
ู†ุตูŠุฑ ูˆุงุญุฏุงู‹ ููŠู‡ ูˆูƒูŠู ุฃู† ุงู„ุงุจู† ูŠุฎุชู„ู ุนู†ุง ูู‰ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉุŒ ูˆุจุฐู„ูƒ ูŠูˆู‚ู
ุงู„ุขุฑูŠูˆุณูŠูŠู† ุนู† ุงู„ุชููƒูŠุฑ ุฃู†ู‡ู… ุณูŠุตูŠุฑูˆู† ูƒุงู„ุงุจู†ุŒ ู„ุฆู„ุง ูŠุณู…ุนูˆุง ุงู„ู‚ูˆู„ “ุฃู†ุช ุฅู†ุณุงู† ู„ุง
ุฅู„ู‡”
(ุญุฒ2: 28)ุŒ “ู„ุง ุชู‚ุณ ู†ูุณูƒ ุจุฅู†ุณุงู† ุบู†ู‰ ูˆุฃู†ุช ูู‚ูŠุฑ” (ุฃู…23: 4).
ููŠูˆุญู†ุง ูŠูƒุชุจ ู‡ูƒุฐุง “ุจู‡ุฐุง ู†ุนุฑู ุฃู†ู†ุง ู†ุซุจุช ููŠู‡ ูˆู‡ูˆ ููŠู†ุง ุฃู†ู‡ ู‚ุฏ ุฃุนุทุงู†ุง ู…ู†
ุฑูˆุญู‡” (1ูŠูˆ4: 13). ู„ุฐู„ูƒุŒ ูุจุณุจุจ ู†ุนู…ุฉ ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุฃูุนุทู‰ ู„ู†ุง ู†ุตูŠุฑ ู†ุญู† ููŠู‡ ูˆู‡ูˆ
ููŠู†ุง. ูˆุญูŠุซ ุฅู† ุฑูˆุญ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ููŠู†ุง ู„ุฐู„ูƒ ูุจูˆุงุณุทุฉ ุณูƒู†ุงู‡ ููŠู†ุง ูˆุจุณุจุจ ุญุตูˆู„ู†ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ
ู†ูุญุณุจ ุฃู†ู†ุง ูู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆู‡ูƒุฐุง ูŠูƒูˆู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ููŠู†ุง.

ุฅุฐู‹ุง
ู†ุญู† ู„ุง ู†ุตูŠุฑ ูู‰ ุงู„ุขุจ ู…ุซู„ู…ุง ุฃู† ุงู„ุงุจู† ูƒุงุฆู† ูู‰ ุงู„ุขุจ
ุŒ ู„ุฃู† ุงู„ุงุจู† ู„ูŠุณ
ูƒุงุฆู†ุงู‹ ูู‰ ุงู„ุขุจ ุจู…ุฌุฑุฏ ุงุดุชุฑุงูƒู‡ ูู‰ ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ
ูˆู„ุง ู‡ูˆ ูŠู†ุงู„ ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ุจู„ ุจุงู„ุญุฑู‰ ู‡ูˆ ู†ูุณู‡
ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูŠูŽู‡ูุจู ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ู„ู„ุฌู…ูŠุน ูˆู„ูŠุณ ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูŠูˆู‘ุญุฏ
ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ู…ุน ุงู„ุขุจ ุจู„
ุจุงู„ุญุฑู‰ ูุฅู† ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ูŠุฃุฎุฐ ู…ู†
ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ. ูˆุงู„ุงุจู† ูƒุงุฆู† ูู‰ ุงู„ุขุจุŒ
ูƒูƒู„ู…ุชู‡ ุงู„ุฐุงุชู‰ ูˆุดุนุงุนู‡ุŒ ุฃู…ุง ู†ุญู† ูุจุฏูˆู† ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ุงู„ู‚ุฏุณ ูุฅู†ู†ุง ู†ูƒูˆู† ุบุฑุจุงุก ุนู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ุŒ ูˆุนู†
ุทุฑูŠู‚ ุงุดุชุฑุงูƒู†ุง ูู‰ ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ู†ุตูŠุฑ ุฃู‚ุฑุจุงุก ู„ู„ู‡ ุญุชู‰ ุฃู† ูˆุฌูˆุฏู†ุง ูู‰ ุงู„ุขุจ ู‡ูˆ ู„ูŠุณ ู…ู†ู‘ุงุŒ ุจู„ ู‡ูˆ
ุฎุงุต ุจุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ุงู„ู…ูˆุฌูˆุฏ ููŠู†ุง ูˆุงู„ุฐู‰ ูŠุณูƒู† ููŠู†ุงุŒ ูˆู†ุญู† ู†ุญุชูุธ ุจู‡ ููŠ ุฏุงุฎู„ู†ุง ุนู† ุทุฑูŠู‚
ุงู„ุฅู‚ุฑุงุฑ ูƒู…ุง ูŠู‚ูˆู„ ูŠูˆุญู†ุง “ู…ูŽู†ู’ ุงุนุชุฑู ุฃู† ูŠุณูˆุน ู‡ูˆ ุงุจู† ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูุงู„ู„ู‡ ูŠุณูƒู† ููŠู‡ ูˆู‡ูˆ
ูู‰ ุงู„ู„ู‡” (1ูŠูˆ4: 15).

ุฅุฐู‹ุง
ูู…ุง ู‡ู‰ ุงู„ู…ุดุงุจู‡ุฉ ูˆู…ุง ู‡ู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณุงูˆุงุฉ ุงู„ุชู‰ ู„ู†ุง ู…ุน ุงู„ุงุจู†
ุŸ ุจู„ ุฅู† ุขุฑุงุก
ุงู„ุขุฑูŠูˆุณูŠูŠู† ุชูุฏุญุถ ู…ู† ูƒู„ ู†ุงุญูŠุฉ ูˆุฎุงุตุฉู‹ ุจูƒู„ู…ุงุช ูŠูˆุญู†ุงุŒ ุฃู† ุงู„ุงุจู† ู‡ูˆ ูู‰ ุงู„ุขุจ ุจุทุฑูŠู‚ุฉุŒ
ุฃู…ุง ู†ุญู† ูู†ุตูŠุฑ ููŠ ุงู„ุขุจ ุจุทุฑูŠู‚ุฉ ุฃุฎุฑู‰
. ูˆุฃู†ู†ุง ู„ู† ู†ุตูŠุฑ ู…ุซู„
ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุฃุจุฏุงู‹ุŒ ูˆู„ุง
ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุณูŠุตูŠุฑ
ู…ุซู„ู†ุงุŒ ุฅู„ุงู‘ ุฅุฐุง ุชุฌุงุณุฑูˆุง ูƒู…ุง ูŠูุนู„ูˆู† ุนุงุฏุฉ ูู‚ุงู„ูˆุง ุฅู† ุงู„ุงุจู† ุจุงุดุชุฑุงูƒู‡ ูู‰ ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ
ูˆุจุชู‚ุฏู‘ู…ู‡ ูู‰ ุงู„ูุถูŠู„ุฉ ุตุงุฑ ู‡ูˆ ู†ูุณู‡ ูู‰ ุงู„ุขุจ. ูˆู„ูƒู† ุญุชู‰ ู…ุฌุฑุฏ ู‚ุจูˆู„ ู‡ุฐุง ุงู„ููƒุฑ ู‡ูˆ ูƒููุฑ
ุดุฏูŠุฏ ู„ุฃู†
ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ูƒู…ุง ุณุจู‚ ุฃู†
ู‚ูŠู„ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูŠูุนุทู‰ ู„ู„ุฑูˆุญุŒ ูˆูƒู„ ู…ุง ู‡ูˆ ู„ู„ุฑูˆุญ ู‚ุฏ ุฃุฎุฐู‡ ู…ู†
ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ.[15]

ย 

ุงู„ู†ุต
ุงู„ุฅู†ุฌู„ูŠุฒู‰:

“As
Thou, Father, in Me, and I in Thee, that they may be all one.โ€™ Moreover, using
the word โ€˜as,โ€™ (Jn 17: 21) He signifies those who become distantly as He is in
the Father; distantly not in place but in nature; for in place nothing
is far from God, but in nature only all things are far from Him. And, as
I said before, whose uses the particle โ€˜asโ€™ implies, not identity, nor
equality, but a pattern of the matter in question, viewed in a certain respect.

23. Indeed we may learn also from the Savior Himself, when He
says, โ€˜For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the whaleโ€™s belly, so
shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.โ€™
(Mt 12: 40) For Jonah was not as the Savior, nor did Jonah go down to Hades;
nor was the whale Hades; nor did Jonah, when swallowed up, bring up those who
had before been swallowed by the whale, but he alone came forth, when the whale
was bidden. Therefore there is no identity nor equality signified in the term
โ€˜as,โ€™ but one thing and another; and it shews a certain kind of parallel in the
case of Jonah, on account of the three days. In like manner then we too,
when the Lord says โ€˜as,โ€™ neither become as the Son in the Father, nor as the
Father is in the Son
. For we become one as the Father and the Son in mind
and agreement of spirit, and the Savior will be as Jonah in the earth; but as
the Savior is not Jonah, nor, as he was swallowed up, so did the Savior descend
into Hades, but it is but a parallel, in like manner, if we too become one, as
the Son in the Father, we shall not be as the Son, nor equal to Him; for He
and we are but parallel.
For on this account is the word โ€˜asโ€™ applied to
us; since things differing from others in nature, become as they, when viewed
in a certain relation.

Wherefore the Son Himself, simply and
without any condition is in the Father; for this attribute He has by nature;
but for us, to whom it is not natural, there is needed an image and example
, that He may say of us, โ€˜As Thou in Me,
and I in Thee.โ€™ โ€˜And when they shall be so perfected,โ€™ He says, โ€˜then the world
knows that Thou hast sent Me, for unless I had come and borne this their body,
no one of them had been perfected, but one and all had remained corruptibleโ€ฆ

24. We then, by way of giving a rude view of the expressions in
this passage, have been led into many words, but blessed John will shew from
his Epistle the sense of the words, concisely and much more perfectly than we
can. And he will both disprove the interpretation of these irreligious men, and
will teach how we become in God and God in us; and bow again we become One
in Him, and how far the Son differs in nature from us, and will stop the Arians
from any longer thinking that they shall be as the Son, lest they hear it said
to them, โ€˜Thou art a man and not God,โ€™ (Iz 28: 2) and Stretch not thyself,
being poor (Pv 23: 4), beside a rich man.โ€™
John then thus writes; โ€˜Hereby
know we that we dwell in Him and He in us, because He hath given us of His
Spirit.โ€™ (1Jn
4: 13) Therefore because of the grace of the
Spirit which has been given to us, in Him we come to be, and He in us; and
since it is the Spirit of God, therefore through His becoming in us, reasonably
are we, as having the Spirit, considered to be in God, and thus is God in us. Not
then as the Son in the Father, so also we become in the Father; for the Son
does not merely partake the Spirit, that therefore He too may be in the Father;
nor does He receive the Spirit, but rather He supplies It Himself to all; and
the Spirit does not unite the Word to the Father, but rather the Spirit
receives from the Word.
And the Son is in the Father, as His own Word
and Radiance; but we, apart from the Spirit, are strange and distant from God
,
and by the participation of the Spirit we are knit into the Godhead; so that
our being in the Father is not ours, but is the Spiritโ€™s which is in us and
abides in us
, while by the true confession we preserve it in us, John again
saying, โ€˜Whosoever shall confess that Jesus is the Son of God, God dwelleth in
him and he in God.โ€™ (1Jn
4: 15)

What then is our likeness and equality, to
the Son? Rather, are not the Arians confuted on every side? and especially by
John, that the Son is in the Father in one way, and we become in Him in
another, and that neither we shall ever be as He, nor is the Word as we;
except they shall dare, as commonly, so now to say, that the Son also by
participation of the Spirit and by improvement of conduct came to be Himself
also in the Father. But here again is an excess of irreligion, even in
admitting the thought. For He, as has been said, gives to the Spirit, and
whatever the Spirit hath, He hath from the Word.”[16]

ย 

ู…ู‚ุงุฑู†ุฉ
ุจูŠู† ุฃู‚ูˆุงู„ ุงู„ุขุจุงุก ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณูŠู† ูˆูƒุชุงุจุงุช ุงู„ู‚ู…ุต ู…ุชู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณูƒูŠู†

ุฃู‚ูˆุงู„ ุงู„ุขุจุงุก ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณูŠู†

ูƒุชุงุจุงุช ุงู„ู‚ู…ุต ู…ุชู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณูƒูŠู†

ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณ:

ู†ุญู†
ุฃุจู†ุงุก ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุจู„ ุฏุนูŠู†ุง ุขู„ู‡ุฉ ูู‰ ุงู„ุฃุณูุงุฑ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ ุญุณุจ ุงู„ู…ูƒุชูˆุจ “ุฃู„ู… ุฃู‚ู„ ุฃู†ูƒู…
ุขู„ู‡ุฉ ูˆุจู†ูˆ ุงู„ุนู„ู‰ ูƒู„ูƒู…” (ู…ุฒ82: 6). ู‡ู„ ูŠุนู†ู‰ ู‡ุฐุง ุฃู† ู†ุชุฎู„ู‰ ุนู† ูƒูŠุงู†ู†ุง
ูˆู†ุฑุชูุน ุฅู„ู‰ ุฌูˆ ุงู„ู„ุงู‡ูˆุช ุบูŠุฑ ุงู„ู…ู†ุทูˆู‚ ุจู‡ ูˆุฃู† ู†ุฎู„ุน ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ู…ู† ุจู†ูˆุชู‡ ูˆู†ุฌู„ุณ ู†ุญู†
ูู‰ ู…ูƒุงู†ู‡ ู…ุน ุงู„ุขุจ ูˆู†ุฌุนู„ ู…ุญุจุฉ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุฃูƒุฑู…ู†ุง ุนุฐุฑุงู‹ ู„ู„ูƒูุฑุŸ ุญุงุดุง ู„ู„ู‡. ูุงู„ุงุจู† ู‡ูˆ ูƒุงุฆู†
ุบูŠุฑ ู…ุชุบูŠุฑุŒ ุฃู…ุง ู†ุญู† ูุจุงู„ุชุจู†ู‰ ุตุฑู†ุง ุฃุจู†ุงุก ูˆุขู„ู‡ุฉ ุจุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉ.[17]

ูƒุชุงุจ “ุดุฑุญ ุงู„ุฑุณุงู„ุฉ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃูุณุณ” ุตูุญุฉ 94

ู„ู‡ุฐุง
ุชุฑุชุจ ูู‰ ุงู„ู…ุดูˆุฑุฉ ุงู„ุฃุจูˆูŠุฉ ุฃู† ูŠุชู… ู„ู†ุง ุงู„ุชุจู†ู‰ ุจูˆุงุณุทุฉ ุงุจู†ู‡ ูŠุณูˆุน ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ู„ู†ุฃุฎุฐ
ู…ูˆู‚ุนู‡ ู…ู† ุงู„ุขุจ ูƒุฃุจู†ุงุกุŒ ูˆู†ุฃุฎุฐ ุดูƒู„ู‡ ูˆู…ูˆุงุตูุงุชู‡ ูู‰ ุงู„ุจุฑ ูˆู‚ุฏุงุณุฉ ุงู„ุญู‚
.

ย 

ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณ:

ุฅุฐู† ู†ุญู† ู†ุฑุชูุน ุฅู„ู‰ ูƒุฑุงู…ุฉ ุฃุณู…ู‰ ู…ู† ุทุจูŠุนุชู†ุง ุจุณุจุจ (ุจูุถู„)
ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ู„ุฃู†ู†ุง ุณู†ูƒูˆู† ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ “ุฃุจู†ุงุก ุงู„ู„ู‡” ู„ูŠุณ ู…ุซู„ู‡ ุชู…ุงู…ุงู‹ุŒ ุจู„ ุจุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉ
ูˆุจุงู„ุชุดุจู‡ ุจู‡. ูู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ุŒ ุงู„ูƒุงุฆู† ู…ุน ุงู„ุขุจ ู…ู†ุฐ ุงู„ุฃุฒู„ุŒ ุฃู…ุง ู†ุญู† ูุจุงู„ุชุจู†ู‰
ุจุณุจุจ ุชุนุทูู‡ุŒ
ูˆู…ู† ุฎู„ุงู„ ุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉ ุงู„ุชู‰ ุฃุฎุฐู†ุงู‡ุง “ุฃู†ุง ู‚ู„ุช ุฃู†ูƒู… ุขู„ู‡ุฉุŒ
ูˆูƒู„ูƒู… ุฃุจู†ุงุก ุงู„ุนู„ู‰” (ู…ุฒ 82: 6) ูุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ู…ุฎู„ูˆู‚ุฉ ุงู„ุฎุงุถุนุฉ ู„ู„ุฎุงู„ู‚ุŒ ุฏุนูŠุช ุฅู„ู‰
ู…ุง ู‡ูˆ ููˆู‚ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุจุฅุฑุงุฏุฉ ุงู„ุขุจ ูู‚ุทุŒ ุฃู…ุง ุงู„ุงุจู†ุŒ ูˆุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ ูˆุงู„ุฑุจุŒ ูู‡ูˆ ู„ูŠุณ ุงู„ุงุจู†
ูˆุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ ุจุฅุฑุงุฏุฉ ุงู„ุขุจ ูˆุงุฎุชูŠุงุฑู‡ุŒ ูˆุฅู†ู…ุง ุจุงู„ูˆู„ุงุฏุฉ ู…ู† ุฌูˆู‡ุฑ ุงู„ุขุจ ุฐุงุชู‡ ูŠุตุจุญ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ
ู„ู‡ ูƒู„ ุตูุงุช ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูˆุตู„ุงุญู‡. ูˆุฃูŠุถุง ูŠู…ูƒู†ู†ุง ุฃู† ู†ุฑู‰ ุจูƒู„ ูˆุถูˆุญ ุฃู†ู‡ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰
ุจุงู„ู…ู‚ุงุฑู†ุฉ ู…ุน ุฃู†ูุณู†ุง
ูู‡ูˆ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ู„ู‡ ูƒูŠุงู† ุฎุงุตุŒ ุบูŠุฑ ูƒูŠุงู†ู†ุง ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุจุงู„ุชุจู†ู‰
ูˆุจุงู„ุชุดุจู‡. ุฅุฐู† ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุจุงู„ุญู‚ ูˆุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉุŒ ูˆู†ุญู† ุตุฑู†ุง ุจู‡ ุฃุจู†ุงุก ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ุŒ ูˆู†ู†ุงู„
ุงู„ุฎูŠุฑุงุช ุจุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉ ุฏูˆู† ุฃู† ุชูƒูˆู† ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ุฎูŠุฑุงุช ู‡ู‰ ู…ู† ุทุจูŠุนุชู†ุง
.[18]

ย 

ย 

ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุฃุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ:

ูˆุฅู†
ูƒุงู† ูƒู„ ู…ุง ุฏุนูˆุง ุฃุจู†ุงุก ูˆุขู„ู‡ุฉ ุฅู…ุง ูู‰ ุงู„ุณู…ุงุก ุฃูˆ ุนู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฃุฑุถุŒ ุชู… ู„ู‡ู… ุงู„ุชุจู†ู‰ ูˆุงู„ุชุฃู„ู‡
ู…ู† ุฎู„ุงู„ ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉุŒ ูˆุงู„ุงุจู† ู†ูุณู‡ ู‡ูˆ ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉุŒ ูู…ู† ุงู„ูˆุงุถุญ ุฃู†ู‡ ู…ู† ุฎู„ุงู„ู‡ ู‡ู… ุฌู…ูŠุนู‡ู…ุŒ ูˆู‡ูˆ
ู†ูุณู‡ ู‚ุจู„ ุงู„ูƒู„ุŒ ุฃูˆ ุจุงู„ุฃุญุฑู‰ ู‡ูˆ ู†ูุณู‡ ูˆุญุฏู‡ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ุŒ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏ ุฅู„ู‡ ุญู‚ ู…ู†
ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ ุงู„ุญู‚
ุŒ ูˆู„ู… ูŠู†ู„ ู‡ุฐู‡ ูƒู…ูƒุงูุฃุฉ ุนู„ู‰ ุจุฑู‡ ูˆู„ุง ู„ูƒูˆู†ู‡ ุขุฎุฑ ู…ุนู‡ุงุŒ ูˆู„ูƒู† ุจุณุจุจ ุฃู†ู‡
ูƒู„ ู‡ุฐู‡ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆูˆูู‚ุงู‹ ู„ู„ุฌูˆู‡ุฑ
.[19]

ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุฃุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ (ุงู„ู…ู‚ุงู„ุฉ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซุฉ ุถุฏ ุงู„ุฃุฑูŠูˆุณูŠูŠู†):

ูุฑุบู… ุฃู†ู‡ ูŠูˆุฌุฏ ุงุจู† ูˆุงุญุฏ ุญุณุจ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰
ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏ ุงู„ุฌู†ุณุŒ ู‡ูƒุฐุง ู†ุตูŠุฑ ู†ุญู† ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ุฃุจู†ุงุกุŒ ู„ูƒู† ู„ูŠุณ ู…ุซู„ู‡ ู‡ูˆ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆุจุงู„ุญู‚ุŒ ุจู„
ุจุญุณุจ ู†ุนู…ุฉ ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุฏุนุงู†ุงุŒ ูˆุฑุบู… ุฃู†ู†ุง ุจุดุฑ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฃุฑุถุŒ
ูˆู…ุน ุฐู„ูƒ ู†ุตูŠุฑ ุขู„ู‡ุฉ
ู„ูŠุณ ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ ุฃูˆ ูƒู„ู…ุชู‡ุŒ ุจู„ ูƒู…ุง ู‚ุฏ ุณุฑ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู‚ุฏ ูˆู‡ุจู†ุง ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉุ›
ู‡ูƒุฐุง ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ู†ุตูŠุฑ ุฑุญู…ุงุก ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ุŒ ู„ุง ุจุฃู† ู†ุตูŠุฑ ู…ุณุงูˆูŠูŠู† ู„ู„ู‡ ูˆู„ุง ุจุฃู† ู†ุตูŠุฑ ุตุงู†ุนู‰
ุฎูŠุฑุงุช ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆุจุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ุฉ
.[20]

ูƒุชุงุจ ุดุฑุญ ุงู„ุฑุณุงู„ุฉ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃูุณุณ ุตูุญุฉ 54

ุฅุฐ
ุตุงุฑุช ู„ู†ุง ู†ูุณ ุฏุงู„ุฉ ุงู„ุงุจู† ู„ุฏู‰ ุงู„ุขุจ ูˆุตุฑู†ุง โ€“ุจูƒู„ ูŠู‚ูŠู† ูˆุจูƒู„ ุนุธู…ุฉ- ูู‰ ุนูŠูˆู† ุงู„ู…ู„ุงุฆูƒุฉ
ูˆุงู„ู‚ูˆุงุช ุงู„ุณู…ุงุฆูŠุฉ ุฃุจู†ุงุก ุจุงู„ุญู‚ ูˆุจุงู„ู‚ูˆุฉ.

ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณ: (ูƒุชุงุจ ุดุฑุญ ุชุฌุณุฏ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏ ุงู„ูุตู„ 12):

ูˆู„ุฐู„ูƒ ูุฅู†ู‡ ุบูŠุฑ ู…ู…ูƒู† ู„ุฃู‰ ู…ู† ุงู„ู†ุงุณ ุฃู† ูŠุฑุชู‚ู‰ ุฅู„ู‰ ู…ุฌุฏ
ุงู„ุฃู„ูˆู‡ุฉ
.[21]

ูƒุชุงุจ “ุดุฑุญ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„
ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูŠูˆุญู†ุง” โ€“ุงู„ุฌุฒุก ุงู„ุฃูˆู„- ุตูุญุฉ 465:

ูˆูŠุฏุนูˆู‡ู… ู„ูŠูƒูˆู†ูˆุง ุดุฑูƒุงุก ู…ุนู‡ ูู‰ ู…ุฌุฏ ุงู„ุฃู„ูˆู‡ุฉ.

ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุฃุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ:

ูุฑุบู… ุฃู†ู‡ ูŠูˆุฌุฏ ุงุจู† ูˆุงุญุฏ ุญุณุจ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆู‡ูˆ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰
ุงู„ูˆุญูŠุฏ ุงู„ุฌู†ุณุŒ ู‡ูƒุฐุง ู†ุตูŠุฑ ู†ุญู† ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ุฃุจู†ุงุกุŒ ู„ูƒู† ู„ูŠุณ ู…ุซู„ู‡ ู‡ูˆ ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆุจุงู„ุญู‚ุŒ ุจู„
ุจุญุณุจ ู†ุนู…ุฉ ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ุฏุนุงู†ุงุŒ ูˆุฑุบู… ุฃู†ู†ุง ุจุดุฑ ู…ู† ุงู„ุฃุฑุถุŒ
ูˆู…ุน ุฐู„ูƒ ู†ุตูŠุฑ ุขู„ู‡ุฉ
ู„ูŠุณ ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ ุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ู‰ ุฃูˆ ูƒู„ู…ุชู‡ุŒ ุจู„ ูƒู…ุง ู‚ุฏ ุณุฑ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ู‚ุฏ ูˆู‡ุจู†ุง ู‡ุฐู‡ ุงู„ู†ุนู…ุฉุ›
ู‡ูƒุฐุง ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ู†ุตูŠุฑ ุฑุญู…ุงุก ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡ุŒ ู„ุง ุจุฃู† ู†ุตูŠุฑ ู…ุณุงูˆูŠูŠู† ู„ู„ู‡ ูˆู„ุง ุจุฃู† ู†ุตูŠุฑ
ุตุงู†ุนู‰ ุฎูŠุฑุงุช ุจุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ูˆุจุงู„ุญู‚ูŠู‚ุฉ
.[22]

ูƒุชุงุจ ุดุฑุญ ุงู„ุฑุณุงู„ุฉ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฃูุณุณ ุตูุญุฉ 92

ู„ุฐู„ูƒ
ุฃุตุจุญ ู…ู† ุงู„ู…ุญุชู… ุฃู† ูŠูƒูˆู† ุฃุณุงุณ ุชุฑุงุฆูŠู†ุง ุฃู…ุงู…ู‡ ู…ุชุฑุณุฎุงู‹ ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุญุจุชู†ุง ู„ู‡ ู„ู†ุชุจุงุฏู„
ุงู„ู†ุธุฑุฉ ูˆุงู„ุฑุคูŠุง ุนู„ู‰ ุฃุณุงุณ ุงู„ู…ุญุจุฉ ูƒุงู„ู…ุซูŠู„ ู„ู„ู…ุซูŠู„. ุนู„ู‰ ุฃู† ูˆุฌูˆุฏู†ุง ุนู„ู‰ ุฎู„ููŠุฉ
ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุงู„ุงุจู† ุงู„ู…ุญุจูˆุจ ู‚ุงุฏุฑ ุฃู† ูŠุฌุจุฑ ู†ู‚ุต ู…ุญุจุชู†ุง ุญุชู‰ ุชุชุณุงูˆู‰ ู…ุน ู…ุญุจุฉ ุงู„ุขุจ
ุงู„ูƒู„ู‰ ุงู„ู…ุญุจุฉ.

ูƒุชุงุจ ู…ูŠู„ุงุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ูˆู…ูŠู„ุงุฏ ุงู„ุฅู†ุณุงู† ุตูุญุฉ 7:

ุจู„
ู‡ู‰ ุนุทูŠุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู„ู„ุฅู†ุณุงู† ุจู…ูŠู„ุงุฏ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญุŒ ุฅุฐ ุฑูุน ุงู„ุจุดุฑูŠุฉ ููŠู‡ ุฅู„ู‰ ุฏุฑุฌุฉ ุจู†ูˆุชู‡ุŒ
ูุตุงุฑ ุงู„ูƒู„ ุฃุจู†ุงุก ุงู„ู„ู‡ ูŠุฏุนูˆู†!! ูˆุงู„ุจู†ูˆู† ู…ุชุณุงูˆูˆู† ูู‰ ูƒู„ ุดุฆ.

ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณ ูู‰ ุฑุณุงู„ุชู‡ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซุฉ
ุฅู„ู‰ ู†ุณุทูˆุฑ (ุงู„ูู‚ุฑุฉ 9)

“ูˆุฅุฐ
ู†ุนุชุฑู ุจูƒู„ ุชุฃูƒูŠุฏ ุฃู† ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุงุชุญุฏ ุจุงู„ุฌุณุฏ ุฃู‚ู†ูˆู…ูŠุงู‹ุŒ ูุฅู†ู†ุง ู†ุณุฌุฏ ู„ุฅุจู†
ูˆุงุญุฏ ุงู„ุฑุจ ูŠุณูˆุน ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ…

ูˆู„ุณู†ุง
ู†ู‚ูˆู„ ุฃู† ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ุญู„ ูู‰ ุฐู„ูƒ ุงู„ู…ูˆู„ูˆุฏ ู…ู† ุงู„ุนุฐุฑุงุก ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณุฉุŒ ูƒู…ุง ูู‰ ุฅู†ุณุงู† ุนุงุฏู‰ุŒ
ู„ูƒู‰ ู„ุง ูŠููู‡ู… ุฃู† ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ู‡ูˆ “ุฅู†ุณุงู† ูŠุญู…ู„ ุงู„ู„ู‡”. ู„ุฃู†ู‡ ุญุชู‰ ุฅู† ูƒุงู†
“ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุญู„ ุจูŠู†ู†ุง” ูุฅู†ู‡ ุฃูŠุถุงู‹ ู‚ุฏ ู‚ูŠู„ ุฅู† ูู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ “ูŠุญู„ ูƒู„ ู…ู„ุก
ุงู„ู„ุงู‡ูˆุช ุฌุณุฏูŠุงู‹” (ูƒูˆ 2: 9). ู„ุฐู„ูƒ ุฅุฐู† ู†ุญู† ู†ุฏุฑูƒ ุฃู†ู‡ ุฅุฐ ุตุงุฑ ุฌุณุฏุงู‹ ูู„ุง
ูŠู‚ุงู„ ุนู† ุญู„ูˆู„ู‡ ุฅู†ู‡
ู…ุซู„ ุงู„ุญู„ูˆู„ ูู‰ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณูŠู†ุŒ ูˆู„ุง ู†ุญุฏุฏ ุงู„ุญู„ูˆู„ ููŠู‡ ุฃู†ู‡
ูŠุชุณุงูˆู‰ ูˆุจู†ูุณ ุงู„ุทุฑูŠู‚ุฉ ูƒุงู„ุญู„ูˆู„ ูู‰ ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณูŠู†. ูˆู„ูƒู† ุงู„ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุฅุฐ ุงุชุญุฏ “ุญุณุจ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ”
(
kata
fu,sin
) ูˆู„ู… ูŠุชุบูŠู‘ุฑ ุฅู„ู‰
ุฌุณุฏุŒ ูุฅู†ู‡ ุญู‚ู‚ ุญู„ูˆู„ุงู‹ ู…ุซู„ู…ุง ูŠู‚ุงู„ ุนู† ุญู„ูˆู„ ู†ูุณ ุงู„ุฅู†ุณุงู† ูู‰ ุฌุณุฏู‡ุง ุงู„ุฎุงุตุŒุŒ.

ูˆูู‰
(ุงู„ูู‚ุฑุฉ 10) ู…ู† ู†ูุณ ุงู„ุฑุณุงู„ุฉ ูŠู‚ูˆู„:

ูˆูƒู…ุง
ู‚ู„ู†ุง ุณุงุจู‚ุงู‹ุŒ ูุฅู† ูƒู„ู…ุฉ ุงู„ู„ู‡ ู‚ุฏ ุงุชุญุฏ ุจุงู„ุฌุณุฏ ุฃู‚ู†ูˆู…ูŠุงู‹ (
kaq u`po,stasion)ุŒ ูู‡ูˆ ุฅู„ู‡ ุงู„ูƒู„ ูˆุฑุจ ุงู„ุฌู…ูŠุนุŒ ูˆู„ูŠุณ ู‡ูˆ ุนุจุฏ ู„ู†ูุณู‡ ูˆู„ุง ุณูŠุฏ ู„ู†ูุณู‡.

ุงู„ู‚ู…ุต ู…ุชู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณูƒูŠู† ูƒุชุงุจ “ุงู„ุชุฌุณุฏ
ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ู‰ ูู‰ ุชุนู„ูŠู… ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณ ุงู„ูƒุจูŠุฑ” ุทุจุนุฉ ุณู†ุฉ 1988 ุตูุญุฉ 41 ูˆ ุตูุญุฉ 42:

“ุงู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ
ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณ ูŠู‚ุฑุฑ ูู‰ ุนุฏุฉ ู…ูˆุงุถุน ุฃู† ุงู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉ ู‡ู‰ ูู‰ ุฌูˆู‡ุฑ ูƒูŠุงู†ู‡ุง ุชุญู‚ูŠู‚ “ู„ุณุฑ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ
mhsth,rion cristou โ€ฆ

ูˆุนู„ู‰
ุฐู„ูƒุŒ ุชุตูŠุฑ ุงู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉ โ€“ุจุตูุชู‡ุง ุชุญู‚ูŠู‚ุงู‹ “ู„ุณุฑ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ”โ€“ ุฅู…ุชุฏุงุฏุงู‹ ู„ู„ูˆุญุฏุฉ
ุงู„ุฃู‚ู†ูˆู…ูŠุฉ ุงู„ูุงุฆู‚ุฉ ุงู„ูˆุตู ุงู„ุชู‰ ุฃู‚ุงู…ู‡ุง ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ ุจูŠู† ู„ุงู‡ูˆุชู‡ ูˆู†ุงุณูˆุชู‡ ูู‰ ุนู…ู‚ ูƒูŠุงู†ู‡
ู…ู†ุฐ ู„ุญุธุฉ ุงู„ุญุจู„ ุจู‡…

ูˆุนู„ู‰
ุฐู„ูƒ ูุฅู† ุงู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉ ุชุนุชุจุฑ ุฅู…ุชุฏุงุฏุงู‹ ู„ู„ุฌุณุฏ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ู‰ ุงู„ู…ุชุฑุงู…ู‰ ุงู„ุฃุทุฑุงู ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูŠู…ู„ุฃ ุงู„ุณู…ุงุก
ูˆุงู„ุฃุฑุถุŒ ูˆุณุฑ ุงู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉ ูŠุนุชุจุฑ ุงู…ุชุฏุงุฏุงู‹ ู„ุณุฑ ุงู„ุชุฌุณุฏ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ู‰ ุงู„ูุงุฆู‚ ุงู„ูˆุตู ุฃู‰ ู„ุณุฑ
ุงุชุญุงุฏ ุงู„ู„ุงู‡ูˆุช ูˆุงู„ู†ุงุณูˆุช ูู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญ…

ูˆู‡ูƒุฐุง
ุชุธู‡ุฑ ุงู„ูƒู†ูŠุณุฉ ุฃู†ู‡ุง ู‚ุงุฆู…ุฉ ุฃุณุงุณุงู‹ ุนู„ู‰ ู…ุดุงุฑูƒุฉ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ ุจูˆุงุณุทุฉ ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ุงู„ู‚ุฏุณ
ูˆุจุฐู„ูƒ ุชุธู‡ุฑ ูู‰ ุนู…ู‚ ูƒูŠุงู†ู‡ุง ุฃู†ู‡ุง ูˆุญุฏุฉ ุจูŠู† ุงู„ู„ุงู‡ูˆุช ูˆุงู„ู†ุงุณูˆุช ุจูˆุงุณุทุฉ ุงู„ุฑูˆุญ ุงู„ู‚ุฏุณ
ูƒุงู…ุชุฏุงุฏ ู„ู„ูˆุญุฏุฉ ุงู„ุฃู‚ู†ูˆู…ูŠุฉ ุงู„ุชู‰ ุชู…ุช ูู‰ ุงู„ู…ุณูŠุญุŒุŒ.

ย 



[1]
The Fathers of the Church, St. Cyril of Alexandria, translated by John I
McEnerney, Letter 50 To Valerian of Iconium, p. 218. ย 

[2] ย NPNF, Vol.4, Discourses Against the Arians, discourse I, p.
329.

[3] ูˆู‚ุฏ
ุชุฑุฌู…ู‡ุง ุฎุทุฃ ุฏ. ุฌูˆุฑุฌ ุจุจุงูˆู‰
: “ุงู„ู…ุตุฏุฑ ุงู„ุฐู‰ ูŠุดุชุฑูƒ ููŠู‡
ุงู„ูƒู„ ูˆุงู„ู…ุดุชุฑูƒูŠู† ููŠู‡”.

[4] ูˆู‚ุฏ
ุชุฑุฌู…ู‡ุง ุฎุทุฃ ุฏ. ุฌูˆุฑุฌ ุจุจุงูˆู‰: “ุนู†ุฏู…ุง ูŠุดุชุฑูƒูˆู† ูู‰ ุงู„ุทุจูŠุนุฉ ุงู„ุฅู„ู‡ูŠุฉ”.

[5] ุดุฑุญ
ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ูŠูˆุญู†ุง ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณุŒ ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ ุฏ. ุฌูˆุฑุฌ ุญุจูŠุจ ุจุจุงูˆู‰ ู…ุฑุงุฌุนุฉ ุฏ. ู†ุตุญู‰ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ุดู‡ูŠุฏ
ูŠู†ุงูŠุฑ 1989 ุตูุญุฉ 88-89.

[6]
Commentary on the Gospel of St. John by St.
Cyril of Alexandria
, Walter Smith,
London, 1874, vol. 1, p. 75.

[7] ุดุฑุญ
ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ูŠูˆุญู†ุง ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณุŒ ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ ุฏ. ุฌูˆุฑุฌ ุญุจูŠุจ ุจุจุงูˆู‰ ู…ุฑุงุฌุนุฉ ุฏ. ู†ุตุญู‰ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ุดู‡ูŠุฏุŒ
ูŠู†ุงูŠุฑ 1989 ุตูุญุฉ 103.

[8] Ibid. p. 86.

[9] ุดุฑุญ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ูŠูˆุญู†ุง ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณุŒ ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ ุฏ. ุฌูˆุฑุฌ ุญุจูŠุจ ุจุจุงูˆู‰ ู…ุฑุงุฌุนุฉ ุฏ. ู†ุตุญู‰
ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ุดู‡ูŠุฏ ูŠู†ุงูŠุฑ 1989 ุตูุญุฉ 125.

[10] Ibid. p. 104-105.

[11] ย ุงู„ู…ู‚ุงู„ุฉ
ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซุฉ ุถุฏ ุงู„ุฃุฑูŠูˆุณูŠูŠู† ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุฃุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ู‰ โ€“ ู…ุฑูƒุฒ ุฏุฑุงุณุงุช ุงู„ุขุจุงุกุŒ 1994 ุตูุญุฉ
42.

[12] NPNF, Vol. 4, St.
Athanasius, Discourses Against the Arians, discourse III, p. 404.

[13]
Ibid. Defence of the Nicene Definition, p. 163.

[14] Discourses Against Arians,
discourse III, Ch 25 par 19, p.404-405.

[15] ุงู„ู…ู‚ุงู„ุฉ
ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซุฉ ุถุฏ ุงู„ุฃุฑูŠูˆุณูŠูŠู† ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุฃุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ู‰ โ€“ ู…ุฑูƒุฒ ุฏุฑุงุณุงุช ุงู„ุขุจุงุกุŒ 1994 ุตูุญุฉ
47-51.

[16] ย Ibid. Against the Arians, discourse III, p. 406-407.

[17] ุดุฑุญ ุฅู†ุฌูŠู„ ูŠูˆุญู†ุง ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ
ูƒูŠุฑู„ุณุŒ ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ ุฏ. ุฌูˆุฑุฌ ุญุจูŠุจ ุจุจุงูˆู‰ ู…ุฑุงุฌุนุฉ ุฏ.ย  ู†ุตุญู‰ ุนุจุฏย  ุงู„ุดู‡ูŠุฏุŒ ูŠู†ุงูŠุฑ 1989 ุตูุญุฉ
103.

[18] ู†ูุณ ุงู„ู…ุฑุฌุน ุตูุญุฉ 125.

[19]
NPNF, Vol.4, Discourses Against the Arians, Discourse I, p. 329.

[20] “ุงู„ู…ู‚ุงู„ุฉ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซุฉ ุถุฏ
ุงู„ุฃุฑูŠูˆุณูŠูŠู†” ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุฃุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ู‰ุŒย  ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ ู…ุฑูƒุฒ ุฏุฑุงุณุงุช ุงู„ุขุจุงุกุŒ ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ
ุงู„ุฃุณุชุงุฐ ุตู…ูˆุฆูŠู„ ูƒุงู…ู„ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ูˆุงู„ุฏูƒุชูˆุฑ ู†ุตุญู‰ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ุดู‡ูŠุฏ ุตูุญุฉ 42.

[21]Scholia
on the Incarnation of the Only-Begotten
by St. Cyril of Alexandria, point
12. ย 

[22] “ุงู„ู…ู‚ุงู„ุฉ ุงู„ุซุงู„ุซุฉ ุถุฏ
ุงู„ุฃุฑูŠูˆุณูŠูŠู†” ู„ู„ู‚ุฏูŠุณ ุฃุซู†ุงุณูŠูˆุณ ุงู„ุฑุณูˆู„ู‰ุŒย  ู…ุฑูƒุฒ ุฏุฑุงุณุงุช ุงู„ุขุจุงุกุŒ ุชุฑุฌู…ุฉ ุงู„ุฃุณุชุงุฐ
ุตู…ูˆุฆูŠู„ ูƒุงู…ู„ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ุณูŠุฏ ูˆุงู„ุฏูƒุชูˆุฑ ู†ุตุญู‰ ุนุจุฏ ุงู„ุดู‡ูŠุฏ ุตูุญุฉ .42

ุงุชุฑูƒ ุฑุฏ

ุฒุฑ ุงู„ุฐู‡ุงุจ ุฅู„ู‰ ุงู„ุฃุนู„ู‰